Prognostic Value of Pretreatment Radiomic Features of 18F-FDG PET in Patients With Hodgkin Lymphoma

This study investigated whether a radiomic analysis of pretreatment 18F-FDG PET can predict prognosis in patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Methods Forty-two patients who were diagnosed as having HL and underwent pretreatment 18F-FDG PET scans were retrospectively enrolled. For each patient, we extracted 450 radiomic features from PET images. The prognostic significance of the clinical and radiomic features was assessed in relation to progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Receiver operating characteristic curve, Cox proportional hazards regression, and Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed to examine the potential independent predictors and to evaluate the predictive value. Results Intensity nonuniformity extracted from a gray-level run-length matrix and the Ann Arbor stage were independently associated with PFS (hazard ratio [HR] = 22.8, P
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

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ConclusionsMYC rearrangements in DLBCL have no influence on the visual parameter necrosisPET or the semi-quantiative parameters SUVmax, MATV and TLG. Irrespective ofMYC rearrangements, necrosisPET is an independent, adverse prognostic factor for DSS.Key Points• Retrospective analysis indicates that MYC rearrangement is not associated with necrosis on18F-FDG PET (necrosisPET) scans or semiquantitative18F-FDG PET parameters.• NecrosisPETis a potential independent adverse prognostic factor for disease-specific survival in patients with DLBCL and is not influenced by the presence of MYC rearrangements.
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionMTV and TLG reflecting the metabolic tumor burden can predict OS in patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma.ResumenObjetivoEl presente estudio evalúa el valor pronóstico de los parámetros metabólicos relacionados con el tumor primario en el 18F-FDG PET/TC pretratamiento en pacientes con adenocarcinoma pulmonar en fase avanzada.Materiales y métodosEste estudio retrospectivo incluyó 258 pacientes con adenocarcinoma pulmonar en fase avanzada a los que se les realizó un escáner PET/TC del pretratamiento y para quienes estaba disponible el receptor del factor ...
Source: Revista Espanola de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsDevelopment of WMC in PCNSL patients treated with MTX and MTX-R is common. WMC changes appear to be more frequent, occur earlier and are more extensive in patients treated with HD-MTX-R compared to HD-MTX. Prospective studies are required to determine whether WMC correlate with survival or neurocognitive outcomes.
Source: Journal of Neuro-Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: A multivariate prediction model created using blood flow, vascular permeability, and glycometabolism parameters can predict the extent of hypoxia in FMISO-positive areas in patients with brain tumors. PMID: 31611541 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences : MRMS - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Magn Reson Med Sci Source Type: research
In conclusion, pre-treatment PET scan has prognostic and predictive value in patients with advanced stage FL receiving frontline treatment. PMID: 31601688 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Haematologica - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Haematologica Source Type: research
Abstract13N-Ammonia (13N-NH3) is widely used positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) radiotracer for the measurement of myocardial blood perfusion; the possible role of13N-NH3 PET or PET/CT in oncological disease is not yet clear. Aim of this review is to evaluate the diagnostic performances of13N-NH3 PET in this field. A comprehensive computer literature search of the PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and Embase databases was conducted including articles up to June 2019. Eighteen articles were finally included in the review. From the analyses of the selected studies, the following main findings could be drawn: (1)...
Source: Japanese Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionAll the characteristics of the work should alert the radiologist to consider lymphoma among the possible differential diagnoses, always correlating the results of the CT examination with appropriate clinical laboratory evaluations.
Source: La Radiologia Medica - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis pilot study showed the potential of radiomics to distinguish GIST from other GI tumors, but no potential in predicting c-KIT mutational status and mitotic index of GISTs. Further optimization and validation of the radiomics model is required to incorporate radiomics in the diagnostic routine of GISTs.AcknowledgementM.J. Timbergen and M.P.A. Starmans contributed equally to this study.Legal entity responsible for the studyThe authors.FundingThe Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research.DisclosureAll authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsOutcome of patients with first-line H.pylori eradication failure followed by delayed chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy on indication was excellent.Legal entity responsible for the studyThe authors.FundingHas not received any funding.DisclosureAll authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsA substantial proportion of patients withH.pylori-negative gastric MALT lymphoma remain antibiotic-responsive and can be cured using radiotherapy and chemotherapy.Legal entity responsible for the studyThe authors.FundingHas not received any funding.DisclosureAll authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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