The Prevalence of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Symptoms and their Psychological Correlates amongst Pregnant Clinic Attendees in the Capricorn District, South Africa.

This study investigated the prevalence of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) symptoms and their relationship with pregnancy- related anxiety, perinatal depression and clinical anger among pregnant black African women in South Africa. The sample consisted of 206 women attending their antenatal check-ups at the Mankweng, Nobody, and Rethabile Clinics, and the Mankweng hospital in the Capricorn District, Limpopo Province. Quantitative data was collected from a convenience sample, within a cross-sectional survey design. First, the prevalence of OCD among the women was established. Then Pearson's correlation analysis was used to establish if there was a linear relationship between the variables of the study. Variables that were related were then subjected to regression analysis, seeking to establish if the independent variables, pregnancy-related anxiety, perinatal depression and clinical anger, together with other pregnancy-related variables, would predict OCD symptoms. When correlational analysis was conducted, the patient characteristics of having undergone a medical check-up, and having previously delivered a live baby generally did not correlate with any of the main scales measuring OCD symptoms, perinatal depression, pregnancy-related anxiety and clinical anger (p
Source: African Journal of Reproductive Health - Category: African Health Tags: Afr J Reprod Health Source Type: research

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Conclusion: This study found that HIV-infected pubertal children showed a delayed cortical maturation with atrophy. This abnormal pattern of cortical development may be the structural basis for cognitive impairment in HIV-infected children. Introduction Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related encephalopathy is one of the most serious complications of AIDS and is more common in children than in adults (1). At present, there are nearly 2 million children living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the world, almost all newly infected children are infected through mother-to-child transmission (2). Effec...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion It is clear that clinically, there is still much to be learnt about alexithymia and its relationship with a range of related phenomena. Firstly, is alexithymia a continuous and stable trait independent of psychological or somatic symptomology that is developed during childhood? Or is it instead a reactive state induced by trauma and distress at any age, which serves to defend against intense and upsetting emotions? This impacts on treatment options. For example, should we be focussing on early childhood interventions which target the child's emotional environment and parenting to encourage emotional exp...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
You’ll be bringing your baby home soon. Or maybe you already have. And you want to be there for your spouse. You know that having a baby not only affects your wife’s body, but it also affects her mental health. You want to be supportive, encouraging and helpful. But you’re not exactly sure how to do that. What does it look like to support your spouse’s mental health? Where do you start? What should you avoid? Here, you’ll find suggestions from Kirsten Brunner, MA, LPC, a perinatal mental health and relationship expert. She’s the co-author of The Birth Guy’s Go-To Guide for New D...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Books Family Friends General Mental Health and Wellness Parenting Pregnancy Self-Help Child Development Fatherhood Postpartum Source Type: blogs
 While depression is a common mental health issue, it’s not even close to being the most common. Listen in to hear our hosts discuss how loneliness can make a person feel unwanted and uncared for – even if they are standing in a crowded room.   SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW “People think you can’t be lonely if you have people in your vicinity.” – Gabe Howard   Highlights From ‘loneliness’ Episode [0:30] Loneliness kills more people than depression. [3:30] Michelle explains loneliness she has experienced. [5:20] Gabe explains loneliness he has experienced. [8:00...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: A Bipolar, A Schizophrenic, and a Podcast Communication Motivation and Inspiration Schizophrenia Source Type: blogs
Anxiety disorders in the peripartum period are common and frequently overlooked. They can present de novo or as exacerbations of generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder and social anxiety disorder, or posttraumatic stress disorder. Calculating a score on the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale is a useful method of screening for these disorders while also screening for perinatal depression. Treatment includes psychotherapy, specifically cognitive behavioral therapy, and antidepressants, the choice of which should be balanced between the severity of symptoms and impact of functioning, ri...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics - Category: OBGYN Authors: Source Type: research
Omega-3 fatty acids are found primarily in fish oil and certain marine algae. Because depression appears less common in nations where people eat large amounts of fish, scientists have investigated whether fish oils may prevent and/or treat depression and other mood disorders. Two omega-3 fatty acids — eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) — are thought to have the most potential to benefit people with mood disorders. How might omega-3s improve depression? Different mechanisms of action have been proposed. For example, omega-3s can easily travel through the brain cell membrane and interact w...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Depression Behavioral Health Drugs and Supplements Mental Health Source Type: blogs
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) are a public health issue that has a profound negative effect on women, families, and communities. It is estimated that 15% to 21% of pregnant and postpartum women experience PMAD, which includes depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and postpartum psychosis. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of perinatal mood and anxiety disorders in an effort to improve recognition, screening, diagnosis, treatment, and referral by nurse practitioners and midwives.
Source: The Journal for Nurse Practitioners - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Continuing Education Source Type: research
Abstract SSRIs are the first choice for the treatment of mood disorders during pregnancy and lactation. Despite the known side effects, the benefits/risks balance suggests their use. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) are the main vascular effects of these drugs, with mechanisms that involves endothelial dysfunction in feto-placental system. These data are supported by animal models, even if preliminary findings are not yet adequately supported by molecular and clinical data. SSRIs. applications and mode of action. Nowadays selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (...
Source: Vascular Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Vascul Pharmacol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This variation in expression may be part of an adaptive mechanism by which the placenta buffers the infant from the effects of maternal stress.Pediatric Research accepted article preview online, 14 March 2018. doi:10.1038/pr.2018.27. PMID: 29538358 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Pediatric Research - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Pediatr Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Endorsement of Whooley questions in pregnancy indicates the need for a clinical assessment of diagnosis and could be implemented when maternity professionals have been appropriately trained on how to ask the questions sensitively, in settings where a clear referral and care pathway is available. Declaration of interest L.M.H. chaired the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence CG192 guidelines development group on antenatal and postnatal mental health in 2012-2014. PMID: 29433610 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
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