Pediatrician intervention may help parents quit smoking, study says

Parents who smoke put their children and others around them at risk for bronchitis, pneumonia and a variety of other ailments. A smoking cessation program has shown some success in helping them quit, researchers report.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Children who suffer a bout of bronchitis at least once before their seventh birthday are at increased risk for developing lung problems such as asthma and pneumonia later in life, a study suggests.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Pulmonary Medicine News Source Type: news
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by autosomal-recessive inheritance of a dysfunctional cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), up to 90% due to Phe508del mutation in the CFTR gene. We tested the hypothesis that CFTR Phe508del carriers have increased morbidity and mortality versus non-carriers in the general population. We genotyped 108 035 randomly selected white Danish individuals from the Copenhagen General Population Study (aged from 20–100 years) for CFTR Phe508del mutation (rs113993960). Risk of chronic bronchitis and airflow limitation was assessed cross-sectionally. Overall survival and ...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: CF and non-CF bronchiectasis Original Articles: Cystic fibrosis Source Type: research
Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in early life, including pneumonia, bronchitis and bronchiolitis, can lead to decreased lung function, persistent lung damage and increased susceptibility to various r...
Source: Environmental Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
g Kim Complications due to influenza are often associated with inflammation with excessive release of cytokines. The bulbs of Fritillariae thunbergii (FT) have been traditionally used to control airway inflammatory diseases, such as bronchitis and pneumonia. To elucidate active compounds, the targets, and underlying mechanisms of FT for the treatment of influenza-induced inflammation, systems biology was employed. Active compounds of FT were identified through the TCMSP database according to oral bioavailability (OB) and drug-likeness (DL) criteria. Other pharmacokinetic parameters, Caco-2 permeability (Caco-2), and dr...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes serious acute respiratory diseases including pneumonia and bronchitis with approximately 2.3% fatality occurrence.
Source: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Abstract The tracheal bronchus is a rare congenital anomaly which occurs as a result of an additional tracheal outgrowth early in the embryonic life. It originates more commonly from the right wall of the trachea, above the carina. It is usually asymptomatic but may cause recurrent pneumonia, chronic bronchitis, or bronchiectasis. Here, we present the case of a 57-year-old lady posted for minimally invasive coronary surgery who was incidentally found to have an accessory bronchus during establishing one lung ventilation. The clinical implications of such a scenario is highlighted. PMID: 32687102 [PubMed - as ...
Source: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Ann Card Anaesth Source Type: research
Human coronaviruses (HCoVs) commonly cause mild upper-respiratory tract illnesses but can lead to more severe and diffusive diseases. A variety of signs and symptoms may be present, and infections can range in severity from common cold and sore throat to more serious laryngeal or tracheal infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Among the seven coronaviruses that affect humans, (SARS)-CoV, the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV and the most recent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) represent potential life-threatening diseases worldwide. In adults they may cause severe pneumonia that evolve in distress respiratory ...
Source: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Esposito S, Bianchini S, Argentiero A, Neglia C, Principi N Abstract INTRODUCTION: The definition of acute lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) includes any infection involving the respiratory tract below the level of the larynx. In children, the most common acute LRTIs, and those with the greatest clinical relevance, are community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), bronchiolitis, bronchitis and tuberculosis (TB). The clinical relevance of LRTIs implies that they must be addressed with the most effective therapy. Antibiotics and antivirals play an essential role in this regard. AREAS COVERED: In this paper,...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
Bae Children exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS) are at increased risk for disease. We sought to estimate the medical costs among Korean children who were exposed to SHS at home. A Markov model was developed, including five diseases (asthma, acute otitis media, acute bronchitis, pneumonia and sudden infant death syndrome) that were significantly associated with SHS in children based on a systematic review. The time horizon of the analysis was 20 years (from birth to adulthood), and the cycle length was 1 week. The direct healthcare costs were discounted annually at 5%. Univariate and probabilistic sensitivity analyses we...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
(CNN) — Parents take note: GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare has voluntarily recalled three lots of its children’s cough syrups — Children’s Robitussin Honey Cough and Chest Congestion DM and Children’s Dimetapp Cold and Cough — due to the products having incorrect dosing cups in their packaging. That means parents might accidentally overdose a child by putting too much syrup in the cup. Symptoms of overdose of either product may include impaired coordination, elevated blood pressure, dizziness, seizure, nausea, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, abdominal pain, hallucinations, among ot...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Consumer Health News CNN Cough Syrup Recall Source Type: news
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