Long-Acting Basal Insulins: A Review of the More Recently Approved Agents

Long-acting basal insulins are used for the management of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Long-acting basal insulins were developed utilizing recombinant DNA technology and have been available since 2000 with the approval of insulin glargine U-100 followed by insulin detemir in 2005. In recent years, diabetes management has become more complex with the approval of insulin glargine U-300 and insulin degludec U-100 and U-200. Both insulin glargine U-300 and insulin degludec have been compared with insulin glargine U-100 and have demonstrated longer durations of action, as well as lower rates of hypoglycemia. This review discusses the Food and Drug Administration-approved long-acting insulins with a focus on recently approved agents and their efficacy and safety compared with the first long-acting basal insulins.
Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: New Therapy Source Type: research

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This study aimed to investigate the PBMC frequencies in subtypes of type 1 diabetes using enzyme-linked immunospot assay. In this cross-sectional study, peripheral blood samples were obtained from 148 participants including 72 with acute-onset type 1 diabetes (AT1D), 51 with slowly progressive insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (SPIDDM), and 25 with type 2 diabetes. The frequency of B:9-23rPep-specific IFN-γ-producing PBMCs was significantly higher in AT1D participants than in SPIDDM and type 2 diabetes participants. Meanwhile, a significant inverse correlation was observed between the PMBC frequencies and insulin s...
Source: Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Clin Immunol Source Type: research
The objective of this study is to evaluate the utility of SMBG based on the impact of test-strip adherence on glycemic goal attainment in an indigent population that is provided with low-copay test strips. This retrospective cohort study included patients with T1DM or T2DM who were enrolled in PAP in 2016 and who received a prescription for test strips during the 90 days prior to hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) measurement. Adherence was defined as the proportion of days covered (PDC)> 0.8. Of the 498 patients encountered, 20% of the adherent group (n = 245) and 25% of the nonadherent group (n = 253) had a goal of HbA1c
Source: P and T - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: P T Source Type: research
Abstract Mild to moderate cognitive decrements are a well-known phenomenon associated with diabetes mellitus. In this review, we provide an overview of the cognitive consequences of type 1 and type 2 diabetes based on hallmark studies that follow patients over an extended period of time. In patients with type 1 diabetes, cognitive dysfunction appears soon after diagnosis and can be found in individuals of any age. The magnitude of these effects is generally modest, although their severity is especially pronounced in those with early onset type 1 diabetes (diagnosis before 7 years of age) or those who have develo...
Source: Neurobiology of Disease - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neurobiol Dis Source Type: research
Conclusion: Meta-analyses of all glucose-lowering RCTs involving patients with diabetes provide precise estimates of benefits for CHD and major cardiovascular events after consideration of the resulting ongoing BP difference. No benefit or harm on mortality, heart failure and stroke were noticed, while discontinuations related to adverse events because of treatment were increased following glucose-lowering. The extent of glucose-lowering is proportionally related to changes of CHD and stroke composite, and treatment-related discontinuations.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: REVIEWS AND META-ANALYSES Source Type: research
Purpose of review The current review addresses one of the most common neurological disorders, diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN). DPN is debilitating, irreversible and dwarfs the prevalence of most other chronic disorders of the nervous system. Its complications include foot ulceration, amputation, falling and intractable neuropathic pain. Moreover, tight control of hyperglycemia reduces the incidence of DPN in type 1 diabetes mellitus but its role in type 2 diabetes mellitus is less clear. Recent findings New therapeutic options to reverse the development of DPN or its associated pain have been proposed but none have sign...
Source: Current Opinion in Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: PERIPHERAL NERVE AND NEURO-MUSCULAR JUNCTION DISEASE: Edited by Mary M. Reilly Source Type: research
Abstract Diabetes, a silent killer, is one of the most widely prevalent conditions of the present time. According to the 2017 International Diabetes Federation (IDF) statistics, the global prevalence of diabetes among the age group of 20-79 years is 8.8%. In addition, 1 in every 2 persons is unaware of the condition. This unawareness and ignorance lead to further complications. Pre-diabetes is the preceding condition of diabetes, and in most of the cases, this ultimately leads to the development of diabetes. Diabetes can be classified into three types, namely type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and ge...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
This study was conducted using a descriptive, cross-sectional design. Researchers assessed diabetes distress and other psychosocial factors via an electronic anonymous survey among students, faculty, and staff at a large university in the Midwest. Results: A total of 173 participants completed the survey (mean [SD] age, 35.1 [16.7] years), with 108 [62.4%] female and 142 [82.1%] white participants). Eighty-five participants had type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), and 88 had type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Of the 85 T1DM participants, 23 (27.4%) reported high diabetes distress, and 27 (30.7%) T2DM participants reported hi...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewChildren and adolescents with acute hyperglycemia and diabetes mellitus frequently have acute, potentially life-threatening presentations which require high-acuity care in an inpatient and often intensive care setting. This review discusses the evaluation and care of hyperglycemia and diabetes mellitus in hospitalized children in both critical and non-critical care settings, highlighting important differences in their care relative to adults.Recent FindingsDiabetic ketoacidosis remains highly prevalent at diagnosis among children with type 1 diabetes, and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state is increas...
Source: Current Diabetes Reports - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
The global prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) has been increasing over recent decades. In Germany, the prevalence for DM type 1 and type 2 in adults is estimated at about 7.7%. Hence, diabetes has to be clas...
Source: Trials - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research
This article describes the concept and design of the trial evaluating the efficacy of this education program called “DiaLife—Living Together with Diabetes”.MethodsThis evaluation study is a cluster randomized controlled trial, in which the study centers will be randomly assigned either to the intervention group or the control group. Study centers will recruit relatives of and patients with DM type 1 and type 2. Members of the intervention group will participate in the education program DiaLife, whereas participants randomized in the control group will act as waiting-list controls. The study will assess th...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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