The Promise and Limits of Suicide Genetics

American Journal of Psychiatry,Volume 176, Issue 8, Page 600-602, August 01, 2019.
Source: American Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Journal of Psychiatric ResearchAuthor(s): Brian W. Bauer, Anna R. Gai, Mary E. Duffy, Megan L. Rogers, Lauren R. Khazem, Rachel L. Martin, Thomas E. Joiner, Daniel W. CapronAbstractModern theories of suicide, such as the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide, have overcome past conceptual limitations within suicide research by examining factors that help differentiate suicide attempters from those who experience suicidal ideation, but never attempt suicide. One such factor that has been studied extensively is fearlessness about death. Given the varying levels of lethalit...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Exploring unusual subjects, from autopsies to the minutiae of long-haul truckingMortem |BBC SoundsOver the Road |radiotopia.fmThe Space Programme |funkidslive.comAn intriguing new series on BBC Sounds, made by the always reliable Whistledown Productions, has a mortician,Carla Valentine, talk us through her job. But this show isn ’t just about cutting and shutting. Valentine also introduces us to other non-police experts performing seemingly small procedures when confronted with a suspicious death. For instance: a man is found burned to death in a wood. Was it suicide or murder? What can the body reveal? What about th...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Radio Podcasts Science Space Beastie Boys Alan Partridge Nora Ephron Culture Source Type: news
Authors: Shiroma PR, Velasquez T, Usset TJ, Wilhelm JH, Thuras P, Baltutis E Abstract INTRODUCTION: Obesity is prevalent among users of Veteran's Health Administration services, where it is comorbid with depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, colon, and breast cancer. Among obese subjects, severe obesity represents a subpopulation with the highest risk of depression. We investigate the antidepressant effect of a local VA weight management program (Managing Overweight Veterans Everywhere - MOVE) among depressed veterans with severe obesity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
This study examined differences between young people with mental illness who engage in deliberate self-harm with and without suicidal intent, as well as socio-demographic and clinical factors that are related to the increased likelihood of suicide attempt amongst self-harming young people. A total of 235 outpatients with mental illness who had engaged in deliberate self-harm were recruited from a tertiary psychiatric hospital in Singapore. Participants completed a self-report questionnaire which collected information on their socio-demographic background, self-harm history, diagnosis, depressive symptoms and childhood trau...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
We describe a 63-year-old man who presented with a prominent personality change after a gunshot wound to the head. He became "content," light-hearted, and prone to joking and punning. Prior to his brain injury, he suffered from frequent depression and suicidal ideation, which subsequently resolved. Examination showed a large right calvarial defect and right facial weakness, along with memory impairment and variable executive functions. Further testing was notable for excellent performance on joke comprehension, good facial emotional recognition, adequate Theory of Mind, and elevated happiness. Neuroimaging reveal...
Source: Case Reports in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Case Rep Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Wang S, Xu H, Li S, Jiang Z, Wan Y Abstract Little is known about the sex differences in the determinants of suicide attempt among adolescents. The results from 14,820 students in China revealed that girls who were in younger age (10-13y), living in urban area, having lower social support and exposed to physical abuse were more likely to report SA compared to their boys counterparts. Conversely, the impact of having psychological symptoms on SA was stronger in boys than girls. Our findings highlight the importance that groups at highest risk of SA should be targeted accordingly by sex. PMID: 32078954 [...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
Authors: Mamun MA, Griffiths MD PMID: 32078949 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study confirmed the feasibility of filtering suicidal inpatients with small amounts of representative terms. SVM, Random Forest and AdaBoost weighted by TF have better performance in this task. Our findings provided a practical way to automatically classify patients with or without suicidal behaviors before admission to hospital, which potentially led to considerable savings in time and human resources for identification of high-risk patients and suicide prevention.
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study examines the 12-month prevalence of mental disorders stratified by duration of sleep. Data were drawn from face-to-face interviews conducted in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions III, a nationally representative survey of US adults (N = 36,309). There were 1893 (5.26%) participants who reported
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
In 2000 to 2016 the highest number of suicides among Dutch youths under 20 in any given year was 58 in 2013. In 2017 this number increased to 81 youth suicides. To get more insight in what types of youths died by suicide, particularly in recent years (2013...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
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