Study: Cost of healthy food drives malnourishment globally
New research shows price differences for healthy and unhealthy foods can lead to malnourishment, obesity and other diet-related health problems -- with cheap, unhealthy foods causing one-fifth of global annual deaths.
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Molecular and Cellular EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Amanda D'Espessailles, Natalia Santillana, Sofía Sanhueza, Cecilia Fuentes, Mariana CifuentesAbstractExcess adipose tissue (AT) associates with inflammation and obesity-related diseases. We studied whether calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR)-mediated NLRP3 inflammasome activation in THP-1 macrophages elevates inflammation in LS14 preadipocytes, modeling deleterious AT cell crosstalk. THP-1 macrophages exposed to Cinacalcet (CaSR activator, 2 μM, 4 h) showed elevated proinflammatory marker and NLRP3 inflammaso...
ConclusionAccording to the results, whey supplementation significantly reduced the SBP, DBP, HDL, waist circumference, TG and FBS in intervention groups in comparing to control groups.
ConclusionHigh prevalences of underweight and overweight/obesity were identified in ASEAN countries and several correlates were identified which can help to tailor interventions.
ConclusionThe Wallace rule of nines is a quick and acceptable method for estimating the total burn surface area percentage in men of all BMI ranges. However, for women, a more accurate method of burn area estimation is required as proposed by our BMI adjusted charts.
ConclusionThis is the first report on the synthesis of two novel ginsenosides, namely glucosyl-ginsenoside Rh2 and diglucosyl-ginsenoside Rh2 from Rh2 by utilizing recombinant glycosyltransferase isolated from L. rhamnosus. Moreover, diglucosyl-ginsenoside Rh2 might be a new candidate for treatment of inflammation, obesity and skin whiting, and especially for anticancer.Graphical abstract
ConclusionsIn people with obesity, exposure to weight-stigmatising media may contribute to increased BMI over time. Larger trials with longer follow-up are needed to confirm these findings.
Abstract Objective: Primary headache and obesity are highly prevalent disorders in the general population. Although many studies have reported an association between the two, there is still no overall comprehension about this relationship. To gain a more accurate understanding in this regard, we analyzed data from a 2011 cross-sectional study in Chongqing, China. Methods: Patients with a chief complaint of headache were administered a headache questionnaire and diagnosed by neurology doctors in accordance with the International Classification of Headache Disorders 2nd Edition (ICHD-II) criteria. Patients aged
Abstract Introduction: Clinicopathologic and prognostic significance of body mass index (BMI) in breast cancer (BC) patients remained conflicting. We aimed to investigate and modify the impact of BMI on clinicopathological significance and survival in western Chinese BC patients. Materials and Methods: 8,394 female BC patients from Western China Clinical Cooperation Group (WCCCG) between 2005 and 2015 were identified. Multivariable logistic regression and Cox proportion hazard regressions were used to examine the difference of clinicopathologic and survival characteristics between BMI categories. Results...
Conclusion: Leptin produced by CAF promotes proliferation and migration of NSCLC cells probably via PI3K/AKT and MAPK/ERK1/2 signaling pathways in a paracrine manner. PMID: 31119158 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Discussion: BED appears to be associated with motor disinhibition and impaired executive planning even controlling for obesity. Longitudinal work is needed to clarify whether motor impulsivity predisposes people to BED, and/or contributes to persistence of symptoms over time.Key pointsBinge-eating disorder is common, under-recognised, and associated with untoward physical and health sequelae.The neurobiological basis of binge-eating disorder is unclear; cognitive testing may offer insights.Many prior cognitive studies have not controlled for potential confounds, especially group differences in body mass indices (BMI). Obes...