Elastic Band Resistance Exercise on Glycated Haemoglobin and Muscle Strength, Balance, and Physical Function in Patients With Comorbid Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Knee Osteoarthritis

Condition:   Elastic Band Resistance Exercise With Comorbid Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Knee Osteoarthritis Interventions:   Other: Elastic Band Resistance Exercise;   Other: active joint range-of-motion exercises and isometric contraction exercises Sponsor:   Shu-Mei Chen Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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AbstractObjectiveType 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been associated with osteoarthritis (OA). T2DM may be associated with generalized OA (GOA  ≥ 3 joints) rather than localized OA (LOA 
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
ABSTRACTPeople with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have normal ‐to‐high BMDs, but, counterintuitively, have greater fracture risks than people without T2DM, even after accounting for potential confounders like BMI and falls. Therefore, T2DM may alter aspects of bone quality, including material properties or microarchitecture, that increase fragility indepen dently of bone mass. Our objective was to elucidate the factors that influence fragility in T2DM by comparing the material properties, microarchitecture, and mechanical performance of cancellous bone in a clinical population of men with and without T2DM. Cancellous...
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
In conclusion, the combined administration of Sct and N-3 proffer better therapeutic effects than the single therapy; therefore, they could be used in the management of diabetic-osteoarthritic condition. PMID: 31249264 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Chinese Journal of Physiology - Category: Physiology Tags: Chin J Physiol Source Type: research
In this study, we found that cofilin competes with tau for direct microtubule binding in vitro, in cells, and in vivo, which inhibits tau-induced microtubule assembly. Genetic reduction of cofilin mitigates tauopathy and synaptic defects in Tau-P301S mice and movement deficits in tau transgenic C. elegans. The pathogenic effects of cofilin are selectively mediated by activated cofilin, as active but not inactive cofilin selectively interacts with tubulin, destabilizes microtubules, and promotes tauopathy. These results therefore indicate that activated cofilin plays an essential intermediary role in neurotoxic signaling th...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ABSTRACTPeople with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have normal ‐to‐high BMDs, but, counterintuitively, have greater fracture risks than people without T2DM, even after accounting for potential confounders like BMI and falls. Therefore, T2DM may alter aspects of bone quality, including material properties or microarchitecture, that increase fragility indepen dently of bone mass. Our objective was to elucidate the factors that influence fragility in T2DM by comparing the material properties, microarchitecture, and mechanical performance of cancellous bone in a clinical population of men with and without T2DM. Cancellous...
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conclusions Two, Not Mutually Exclusive, Hypotheses We have reviewed and organized the literature with the intent of showing the existing parallels between excessive fat accumulation and the aging process. We have categorized these reports following what have been proposed to be the nine hallmarks of aging (21) (Figure 1). Based on the evidence, two distinct hypotheses can be proposed. One is that the cellular responses provoked by an excess of nutrients cause obesity, and that obesity is responsible for accelerating the pace of aging. Supporting this hypothesis are the observations that knocking out the fat-specific ins...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusion The elucidation of the function of circRNAs is an emerging field of science with a tremendous potential after previously being dismissed as RNA artifacts. They are ubiquitously expressed and thousands of members have already been identified. This fact only expands their potential to possibly enhance our knowledge to understand the difference between health and disease. Owing to their structure stability and their presence in exosomes circRNAs may also exert their function in an autocrine, paracrine and possible endocrine fashion. In addition, the fact that circRNAs are widely distributed in the cellular compart...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, we found that TLR4 expression was higher in OA cartilage from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) than that from non-T2DM patients. Similarly, its expression was induced in primary mouse chondrocytes treated with high glucose, which suggests that TLR4 upregulation in T2DM-associated OA cartilage may originate from hyperglycaemia stimulation. We further discovered that TLR4 promoted high glucose-induced catabolic and inflammatory responses in chondrocytes, and mechanistically, these effects could be explained by the exacerbated activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NF-&kappa...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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