Dual Use and Dual Truths: Categorizing the Adolescent Electronic Cigarette User

The rapid rise of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use among youth subverts our traditional understanding of adolescent tobacco use, the natural history of nicotine addiction through the use of combustible tobacco, and the implications of dual use of e-cigarettes and combustible cigarettes. The ramifications of initiating tobacco use with nicotine vapor in adolescence are largely unknown, as are the appropriate classifications of adolescent tobacco users in the e-cigarette era or means to identify the populations most likely to benefit from nicotine cessation strategies.
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

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Cambia's wellness initiatives during the past year included better understanding opioid addiction and improving service to the LGBTQ community.
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Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news
In the last 3 years the numbers of forcibly displaced people around the world has reached a record high. Experiences of war, persecution, violence, torture, participating in the killing of others, disruptions of attachments, and emotional losses increase the risk for psychological distress and may contribute to the risk of developing psychiatric and substance abuse disorders. The authors review the existing psychiatric literature on refugees, discuss the sociological reasons that explain the recent crisis, describe the psychiatric consequences, the risk factors and protective factors of the refugee experience, narrate the ...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - Category: Addiction Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Gambling disorder is a pathologic condition, resulting from the interaction of multiple risk factors. Among these, dopamine neurotransmission is known for playing a significant role, as seen, for example, in patients using dopamine replacement therapy prescribed for Parkinson disease, in which gambling is considered to be iatrogenic. Considering this, together with the general mechanism of action of antipsychotic drugs, growing attention has recently been dedicated to Aripiprazole and to its partial dopaminergic agonism (reducing D2-receptor hyperactivation in the mesolimbic pathway and improving D2-receptor stimulation in...
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - Category: Addiction Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusions: High dependence on sexual partner and risky injection behaviors among female who inject drugs were identified. Study findings contextualized with gender vulnerabilities in Colombia are fundamental for prevention/intervention efforts aimed at helping this at-risk population in the country and in Latin America.
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: Interinstitutional coordination should be promoted through joint meetings, and also training classes on disaster management and its implementation should be held. Moreover, up-to-date clinical protocols must be accessible to personnel, and facilities and resources needed in the disaster should be provided.
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: Identifying the risk factors for psychiatric comorbidity in patients with substance dependence highlights the importance of developing a dual diagnosis service to meet the needs of this population.
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: Those receiving hypnotherapy did marginally better concerning alcohol use at 1-year follow-up. This small advantage for hypnotherapy could indicate an effect, rendered nonsignificant by an underpowered study. It could also be that neither MI nor hypnotherapy gave an additional effect on top of the substantial group therapy. Lastly the findings could indicate that hypnotherapy is at least as effective as MI.
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: Substance abuse affects male sexual functions negatively. There are limited studies about the effects of substance abuse on male sexual functions in our country. For this reason, there is a need for more extensive prospective studies.
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
THURSDAY, Aug. 22, 2019 -- The use of the opioid addiction medication buprenorphine is much higher in states that expanded Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act than in those that did not expand the program, according to a new report from the Urban...
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