Obesity and sleep disturbance: the chicken or the egg?

Source: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Ov/Ob children had similar PRD to nOv/nOb children and were prone to repeat magnesium dosing. Previous hospitalization for exacerbation was positively associated with increasing BMI percentile. Additional research should investigate differential magnesium use by weight status, quantifying risks and benefits. PMID: 31411907 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Asthma - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research
Conditions:   Obesity, Childhood;   Binge Eating;   Sleep;   Self-regulation Intervention:   Behavioral: Sleep Restriction Sponsor:   The Miriam Hospital Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions:Prevalence of PH in pediatric patients with OSA is low and none of the patients with PH had severe OSA. Current guidelines recommend PH screening in patients with severe OSA, yet OSA severity may not accurately predict risk. Factors evaluated in this study did not demonstrate an increased PH risk; additional research is necessary to improve screening in pediatric patients with OSA.Citation:Burns AT, Hansen SL, Turner ZS, Aden JK, Black AB, Hsu DP. Prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in pediatric patients with obstructive sleep apnea and a cardiology evaluation: a retrospective analysis.J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;1...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Study Objectives:To determine whether therapeutic positive airway pressure (PAP) level predicts response to hypoglossal nerve stimulation (HGNS) for obstructive sleep apnea using the coprimary outcomes of apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and 4% oxygen desaturation index.Methods:Combined cohort study from two US sleep otolaryngology training programs. Subjects were adults with AHI> 15 events/h who underwent HGNS. Eligible subjects had diagnostic preoperative sleep studies, full-night efficacy postoperative studies and therapeutic PAP levels available for analysis. Low and high PAP groups were compared using thet test for conti...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract School-aged children (five to 12 years) are establishing patterns of behavior that may last a lifetime; therefore, during health maintenance visits, it is important to counsel families on healthy lifestyle practices. Children should eat a diet high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat or nonfat dairy products, beans, fish, and lean meats, while limiting sugar, fast food, and highly processed foods. Children should engage in 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity each day. A Family Media Use Plan should be used to individualize screen time limits and content for children. Nine to 12 h...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
Abstract The goals of the health maintenance visit in school-aged children (five to 12 years) are promoting health, detecting disease, and counseling to prevent injury and future health problems. During the visit, the physician should address patient and parent/caregiver concerns and ask about emergency department or hospital care since the last visit; lifestyle habits (diet, physical activity, daily screen time, secondhand smoke exposure, hours of sleep per night, dental care, safety habits); and school performance. Poor school performance may indicate problems such as learning disabilities, attention-deficit/hyp...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
The  app and coaching service has been relaunched with new tools that address kids'and teens'stress and sleep habits alongside their diets.
Source: mobihealthnews - Category: Information Technology Source Type: news
Insomnia is a type of sleep disorder, which is associated with various diseases development and progression, such as obesity, type II diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Recent investigation of gut-brain axils enhances our understanding of the role of gut microbiota in brain-related diseases. However, whether gut microbiota is associated with insomnia remains unknown. In the present investigation, leveraging on the 16S rDNA amplicon sequencing of V3-V4 region and the novel bioinformatic analysis, it was demonstrated that between insomnia and healthy population, the composition, diversity and metabolic function of gut mic...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe believe that this video shows a reproducible technique for this complex anastomosis. Preservation of the distal epiploics makes the gastro-gastric anastomosis safer but requires direct dissection of the duodenum.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
The prevalence of severe obesity, defined as a body mass index (BMI)> 35kg/m2, has been increasing in the adolescent population (1). Affecting between 4-6% of all youth, many of these adolescents and young adults with severe obesity also suffer from co-morbidities such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea, and arthritis (2,3). The benefits of bariatric surgery and subsequent long-term weight loss have been extensively reviewed in adults (4,5), and more recently adolescent outcomes have been reported by the Teen-Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery (Teen-LABS) study (6-8).
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original articles Source Type: research
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