Sleep and neurological autoimmune diseases

Neuropsychopharmacology, Published online: 14 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41386-019-0463-zSleep and neurological autoimmune diseases
Source: Neuropsychopharmacology - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research

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Objectives We investigated the associations with HLA and microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT) H1 haplotype in anti-IgLON5 disease, a recently identified disorder characterized by gait instability, brainstem dysfunction, and a prominent sleep disorder in association with IgLON5 antibodies and pathologic findings of a novel neuronal-specific tauopathy. Methods We compared the HLA alleles and MAPT H1/H1 genotype of 35 patients with anti-IgLON5 with healthy controls. The on-line server tool NetMHCIIpan 3.1 was used to predict the IgLON5 peptide binding to HLA Class II molecules. Results The HLA-DRB1*10:01-DQB1*05:01 hap...
Source: Neurology Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Autoimmune diseases, Association studies in genetics Article Source Type: research
Profound and debilitating fatigue is the most common complaint reported among individuals with autoimmune disease, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, celiac disease, chronic fatigue syndrome, and rheumatoid arthritis. Fatigue is multi-faceted and broadly defined, which makes understanding the cause of its manifestations especially difficult in conditions with diverse pathology including autoimmune diseases. In general, fatigue is defined by debilitating periods of exhaustion that interfere with normal activities. The severity and duration of fatigue episodes vary, but fatigue can cau...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
AbstractIntroduction/objectivesPrimary Sj ögren’s syndrome (pSS) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk of five common psychiatrist-diagnosed disorders in patients with pSS.MethodUsing Taiwan ’s National Health Insurance Research Database, 688 patients with newly diagnosed pSS between 2000 and 2012 were identified. Two comparison cohorts were assembled, namely, 3440 patients without pSS and 1302 newly diagnosed patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The incidences of depressive disorder, anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder, sleep disorder, and schizophrenia ...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Conclusions: None of the nine labelled proteins proposed to be autoantigens were detected in the radiobinding assays for conformation-dependent autoantibodies. The results emphasise the need of further studies to identify autoantigen(s) and clarify the mechanisms in Pandemrix®-induced NT1. PMID: 31328572 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Autoimmunity - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Autoimmunity Source Type: research
AbstractNarcolepsy is a disabling, rare, and chronic sleep disorder, currently classified as distinct central nervous system hypersomnia in narcolepsy type 1 (NT1) and narcolepsy type 2 (NT2). Although today a reliable pathogenic hypothesis identifies the cause of NT1 as an autoimmune process destroying hypocretin-producing cells, there is no cure for narcolepsy, and the symptomatic pharmacological available treatments are not entirely effective for all symptoms. Behavioral therapies play a synergistic role in the disease treatment. We here review the available therapeutic options for narcolepsy, including symptomatic phar...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract Narcolepsy is a disabling, rare, and chronic sleep disorder, currently classified as distinct central nervous system hypersomnia in narcolepsy type 1 (NT1) and narcolepsy type 2 (NT2). Although today a reliable pathogenic hypothesis identifies the cause of NT1 as an autoimmune process destroying hypocretin-producing cells, there is no cure for narcolepsy, and the symptomatic pharmacological available treatments are not entirely effective for all symptoms. Behavioral therapies play a synergistic role in the disease treatment. We here review the available therapeutic options for narcolepsy, including sympto...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
Discussion: The observation of a patient with a monolateral dermopathy somehow reports to the Kriss ’ hypothesis, especially in view of the patient’s habit of sleeping on the same side as dermopathy was present. Of course, this does not represent a proof that the Kriss’ hypothesis is correct, but it carries an element in favour of it. The fact that GO was bilateral is somehow against it, but does not exclude this possibility.Eur Thyroid J
Source: European Thyroid Journal - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
I was looking back over the last 8 years since the first Wheat Belly book was released. It’s been 8 years of astounding, truly breathtaking stories of success over weight issues, health, and physical transformations that skeptics even today claim are impossible. It’s been a virtual avalanche of wonderful stories. Although I’ve seen all of them, often more than once, I could not help but be overcome with satisfaction and pride for the many, many spectacular photos and stories people have shared. So I thought it would be fun to re-post a small sample of some of these stories dating back from the start of th...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Wheat Belly Success Stories grain-free Inflammation Source Type: blogs
Abstract The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is an extensive endogenous signaling system with multiple elements, the number of which may be increasing as scientists continue to elucidate its role in human health and disease. The ECS is seemingly ubiquitous in animal species and is modulated by diet, sleep, exercise, stress, and a multitude of other factors, including exposure to phytocannabinoids, like Cannabidiol (CBD). Modulating the activity of this system may offer tremendous therapeutic promise for a diverse scope of diseases, ranging from mental health disorders, neurological and movement disorders, pain, autoi...
Source: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Altern Ther Health Med Source Type: research
Abstract Background and purpose: The incidence and prevalence of autoimmune encephalitis is gradually increasing. This retrospective observational study primarily aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics of autoimmune encephalitis patients in the Second Xiangya Hospital and report patient prognoses after immunotherapy. Methods: The clinical data of 86 patients who were diagnosed with autoimmune encephalitis from October 2014 to September 2018 were collected, and their corresponding clinical characteristics, laboratory examination, treatment, and outcome data analyzed. Results: In our study, 72 patients (83.7%) wer...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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