Associations Between Approach and Avoidance Coping, Psychological Distress, and Disordered Eating Among Candidates for Bariatric Surgery

ConclusionsAvoidance coping and depressive symptoms emerged as key variables in understanding recent disordered eating among patients considering bariatric surgery. Pre-surgical psychological evaluations and treatment approaches could be enhanced with consideration of patient coping strategies, particularly avoidant coping responses to stress, independent of psychological distress.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Binge Eating Disorders Eating Disorders General Not Crazy Podcast Source Type: blogs
AbstractAdolescents seeking bariatric surgery may present with pre-existing psychiatric diagnoses for which they use chronic medications. To heighten awareness concerning perioperative polypharmacy in adolescents with extreme obesity, we conducted a retrospective review of patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy between February 2010 and May 2017 at Children ’s National Health System (CNHS). A total of 167 adolescent patients had pre-existing psychiatric diagnoses which included depression (50%), anxiety (23%), ADHD (23%), and binge eating disorder (11%). Medications prescribed to treat these diagnoses in...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Weight regain (WR) after bariatric surgery (BS) is frequent. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the occurrence of psychiatric disorders would be associated with short- and long-term WR after BS. METHODS: Ninety-six patients (77.6% female, age 40.2 ± 10.1 years, BMI of 50 ± 8.2 kg/m2) from the Obesity and Bariatric Surgery Outpatient Clinic of the Universidade Federal São Paulo completed the Questionnaire on Eating and Weight Patterns-Revised, the Beck Depression Inventory and an anxiety inventory to asse...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 August 2019Source: Obesity Research &Clinical PracticeAuthor(s): Sanjeev Sockalingam, Samantha E. Leung, Raed Hawa, Susan Wnuk, Sagar V. Parikh, Timothy Jackson, Stephanie E. CassinAbstractObjectiveAlthough bariatric surgery is a durable treatment for patients with severe obesity, it does not directly address behavioural and psychological factors that potentially contribute to weight regain post-surgery. Psychological interventions, such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), can be challenging to access due to physical limitations and practical barriers. Telephone-based CBT (Tele...
Source: Obesity Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Given the established evidence that supports its impact on weight variability, early identification of problematic eating behaviours and of patients with a tendency to act impulsively in situations of negative emotionality should be a central concern in the follow-up of the bariatric population. PMID: 30521456 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research
gin C Abstract Food addiction (FA) has recently emerged as a new field in the study of obesity. Previous studies have contributed to identifying psychological correlates of FA. However, few researchers have examined the cognitive profile related to this condition; up until now, attentional biases related to food cues and a poorer performance monitoring have been observed. The present study aimed to examine the psychological profile and executive functioning related to FA in individuals with severe obesity and awaiting bariatric surgery. Participants (N = 86) were split into two groups, according to t...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
ConclusionsPatients who endorsed higher levels of pre-surgical emotional eating and food addiction symptoms had poorer weight loss 1  year post-surgery. Providers should consider screening patients for these behaviors during the pre-surgical psychosocial evaluation which would allow opportunities for psychotherapy and potential improvement in weight loss outcomes. Future research should examine which interventions are successful at improving problematic eating behaviors.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study investigated psychological correlates and their influence on weight loss for patients who underwent RYGB or VSG.MethodsFour hundred twenty-two patients (RYGB  = 305; VSG = 117) completed screening questionnaires presurgery and underwent surgery between August 2012 and April 2015. Associations between demographics and questionnaires with percentage weight change were evaluated using multivariable linear regression models.ResultsMedian age was 48  years and median BMI 45.3 kg/m2 presurgery. Median percentage changes in weight from baseline to years 1 and 2 follow-up were −&thins...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study aims to provide a holistic evaluation of the effects from weight loss interventions for individuals with obesity by examining the physiological, psychological and eating disorders outcomes from these interventions.MethodsDatabases Medline, PsycInfo and Cochrane Library (2011 –2016) were searched for randomised controlled trials and systematic reviews of obesity treatments (dietary, exercise, behavioural, psychological, pharmacological or surgical). Data extracted included study features, risk of bias, study outcomes, and an assessment of treatment impacts on physical, psychological or eating disorder outco...
Source: Journal of Eating Disorders - Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese preliminary results suggest that post-surgery Tele-CBT is feasible and can improve post-surgery symptoms of psychopathology in this uncontrolled study, supporting the need for a randomized controlled trial.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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