Abnormal Thalamic Functional Connectivity During Light Non –Rapid Eye Movement Sleep in Children With Primary Nocturnal Enuresis
To investigate abnormalities of thalamocortical and intrathalamic functional connectivity (FC) in children with primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE) during light non –rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep using a simultaneous EEG–functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) method.
This article details the pharmacological and nonpharmacological methods to minimise preoperative anxiety and the techniques of anaesthetic induction in infants and children undergoing surgery. The benefits and limitations of inhalational and intravenous induction and the current status of rapid sequence induction in children are discussed. MEDLINE database was searched for this narrative review using the keywords including preoperative anxiety, child, premedication, paediatric and anaesthetic induction. Search was restricted to articles in English, but without any publication date restrictions.
Conclusions: Our experience demonstrates that there are a lot of comorbidities that are associated with NE and can influence the prognosis and the response to the therapy in these children.
As a parent of two, I live by a checklist during the back-to-school season. One, because I enjoy checking items off the list, and two, because I know in order to make my children feel secure in the new academic year I need to ensure they have the tools to prevail with confidence. To successfully do this, there are some key items not related to school supplies or bus routes that parents should consider including on their annual checklist. If you are like me, every year you make sure your children get their “back to school sports physical.” This is a necessity and is probably at the top of your to-do list &...
This article outlines the findings of a roundtable discussion into the optimal management of patients with nocturnal polyuria. PMID: 31498658 [PubMed - in process]
Health related quality of life (HRQOL) is a relatively new concept in pediatrics, but it has shown to be extremely important in terms of clinical care, treatment planning, and compliance with medical and behavioral recommendations. Two groups of children who are at risk for impairments in HRQOL are those who have bedwetting and those who snore or have sleep apnea. However, the current study sought to determine whether the combination of monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) results in diminished HRQOL in a pediatric sample.
zargani F Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether rapid maxillary expansion (RME) is a useful treatment method for nocturnal enuresis (NE) and whether the treatment effect is due to placebo. The study also aimed to identify prognostic variables in patients responding to treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight children with therapy-resistant NE were recruited and randomized into two groups: the intervention group or placebo group. Both groups were treated with RME, but the placebo group received treatment with a sham appliance for 2 weeks before having the actual treatment. A medical history focused ...
Nocturnal polyuria (NP), the most common etiology of nocturia, can be caused by various medical conditions, including cardiovascular disease, obstructive sleep apnea, renal tubular dysfunction, as well as medications (e.g. diuretics) and/or behavioral patterns. NP in the absence of underlying medical conditions has been described as nocturnal polyuria syndrome (NPS) and is thought be the result of impaired circadian release of endogenous arginine vasopressin (AVP). Desmopressin, a synthetic AVP analog, has been shown to be an effective replacement therapy in adults with nocturia due to NP.
The present work investigated abnormalities of thalamocortical and intrathalamic functional connectivity (FC) in children with primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE) during light non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep using a simultaneous electroencephalography-functional magnetic resonance imaging (EEG-fMRI) method.
Nocturnal enuresis is defined as bed wetting in children from the age of five years that occurs in during sleep; if untreated, the condition can result in social and psychological problems both for the children and their parents. Nocturnal enuresis is a complicated disease that includes multiple pathogenetic factors. Nocturnal enuresis is divided in to two subgroups; monosymptomatic and nonmonosymptomatic. The role of some biomarkers in the patients with monosymptomatic enuresis has been reported in a small number of the studies.
Conditions: Sleep Fragmentation; Poor Quality Sleep; Nocturia; Nocturnal Enuresis Interventions: Behavioral: Brief behavioral treatment of insomnia (BBTI); Behavioral: Information-only control (IC) Sponsors: University of Pittsburgh; National Institute on Aging (NIA) Recruiting