Thoughts About Electroconvulsive Therapy and New Potential Treatments for Treatment-Resistant Depression in the Elderly.

Thoughts About Electroconvulsive Therapy and New Potential Treatments for Treatment-Resistant Depression in the Elderly. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2019 May 10;: Authors: Rubin EH PMID: 31255468 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research

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The study deals with the psychiatric treatment of the writer with a tragic fate, Sylvia Plath. Sylvia's treatment began with electroconvulsive therapy for suicidal thoughts at the age of 20 and soon afterended up in hospital for an attempted suicide with s...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news
Conditions:   Unipolar Depression;   Bipolar Depression Intervention:   Procedure: Electroconvulsive Therapy Sponsor:   Massachusetts General Hospital Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Depressive Disorder, Major;   Depression, Bipolar Intervention:   Device: Electroconvulsive therapy Sponsor:   Region Örebro County Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionsThese findings indicate that ECT in patients with MDD is closely associated with dissociative structural changes. The locally enhanced GMV in limbic areas may reflect that the ECT-related brain compensatory mechanisms contribute to brain structure recovery in MDD.
Source: Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Abstract Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the most effective treatments for major depressive disorder (MDD), the mechanism underlying the therapeutic efficacy and side effects of ECT remains poorly understood. Here, we investigated alterations in the cortical morphological measurements including cortical thickness (CT), surface area (SA), and local gyrification index (LGI) in 23 MDD patients before and after ECT. Furthermore, multivariate pattern analysis using linear support vector machine (SVM) was applied to investigate whether the changed morphological measurements can be effective indicators...
Source: International Journal of Neural Systems - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Int J Neural Syst Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 August 2019Source: Journal of Psychiatric ResearchAuthor(s): Akihiro Takamiya, Taishiro Kishimoto, Kuo-ching Liang, Yuri Terasawa, Shiro Nishikata, Ryosuke Tarumi, Kyosuke Sawada, Shunya Kurokawa, Jinichi Hirano, Bun Yamagata, Masaru MimuraAbstractElectroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the most effective antidepressant treatment. Biological predictors of clinical outcome to ECT are valuable. We aimed to examine multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data that correlates to the efficacy of ECT. Structural and resting-state functional MRI data were acquired from 46 individuals (25 depres...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study investigates whether psychomotor disturbance predicts the outcome of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and how the treatment modulates psychomotor disturbance. In 73 adults sufferin...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news
Authors: Erturk A, Aktoz F, Orgul G, Mutlu E, Demir B, Tuncer ZS PMID: 31368383 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
Authors: Lee HJ Abstract Antidepressants usually require 2-8 weeks after drug administration to obtain a clinical response. In contrast, three fast-acting antidepressant treatments (sleep deprivation, electroconvulsive therapy, and ketamine) significantly reduced depressive symptoms within hours to days in a subgroup of patients with depressive disorder. This review addresses the mechanisms underlying these fast effects, with specific focus on treatment effects on circadian rhythms. Numerous recent studies have shown that circadian dysregulation may play an important role in the pathogenesis of mood disorders. Thes...
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research
Authors: Watanabe A, Ayani N, Waratani M, Hasegawa T, Ishii M, Matsuoka T, Narumoto J Abstract Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is considered to be an effective and safe treatment for depression in pregnant women in that it avoids the risk of psychotropic pharmacotherapy. However, clinicians should be cautious about the adverse effects in the fetus, such as fetal cardiac arrhythmia. Most of the previous studies have demonstrated a reduction in fetal heart rate associated with ECT. However, we encountered a case of fetal tachycardia after maternal ECT-induced convulsions. The patient was a woman who was 30 weeks' pre...
Source: Case Reports in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Case Rep Psychiatry Source Type: research
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