ECT May Reduce Suicide Risk in Patients With Bipolar Depression
Authors of cohort study report 84.4 percent decrease in suicidality after electroconvulsive therapy (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - September 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry, Conference News, Source Type: news

ECT May Reduce Suicide Risk in Patients With Bipolar Depression
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2020 -- Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) may help treat features of bipolar depression, including suicidality, according to study results partially published earlier this year in the The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry and... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - September 30, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Is Shock Therapy Making a Comeback Against Bipolar Disorder?
FRIDAY, Sept. 25, 2020 -- Over the years electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) -- commonly known as " shock therapy " -- has gotten a bad rap. But new research out of Italy suggests that reputation may be unwarranted. Investigators found that among bipolar... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - September 25, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

ECT for Bipolar Disorder: Across-the-Board Symptom Relief ECT for Bipolar Disorder: Across-the-Board Symptom Relief
Electroconvulsive therapy achieved response rates of more than 80% for all symptoms of bipolar disorder and remission rates of more than 60% for several features, results of a large study show.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - September 23, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Electroconvulsive therapy shown to significantly reduce suicide risk in Bipolar patients
(European College of Neuropsychopharmacology) One of the largest ever studies of patients with untreatable bipolar disorder has shown that ECT (Electroconvulsive Therapy) was able to reduce suicide risk by 84% in high-risk patients, as well as giving effective treatment to around 72% of sufferers. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Wearable technology to assess bradykinesia and immobility in patients with severe depression undergoing electroconvulsive therapy: a pilot study - Powell A, Graham D, Portley R, Snowdon J, Hayes MW.
The psychomotor retardation that may be seen in major depression represents an interesting parallel to bradykinesia, a core feature of Parkinson's disease. Psychomotor retardation has been correlated with the severity of depression and is a predictor of re... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Electroconvulsive therapy modulates functional interactions between submodules of the emotion regulation network in major depressive disorder - Xu J, Wei Q, Bai T, Wang L, Li X, He Z, Wu J, Hu Q, Yang X, Wang C, Tian Y, Wang J, Wang K.
An increasing number of neuroimaging studies have consistently revealed that disrupted functional interactions within the cognitive emotion regulation network (ERN) contribute to the onset of major depressive disorders (MDD). To disentangle the functional ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Experts Call for Immediate Suspension of ECT, Others Push Back Experts Call for Immediate Suspension of ECT, Others Push Back
Experts are calling for the immediate suspension of electroconvulsive therapy because of what they say is a lack of evidence that it is an effective treatment.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines)
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - July 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Inflammatory cytokines derived from peripheral blood contribute to the modified electroconvulsive therapy-induced cognitive deficits in major depressive disorder - Tian H, Li G, Xu G, Liu J, Wan X, Zhang J, Xie S, Cheng J, Gao S.
This study examined the profiles of cytokines, the memory function, and their association ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

UCLA Health initiates COVID-19 testing for all incoming surgical, procedure patients and ER admissions
UCLA Health has initiated COVID-19 testing for all patients coming to the system ’s hospitals and some outpatient clinics for scheduled surgeries, procedures and emergency department treatment, a change from previous practice of testing only those exhibiting symptoms of the disease and referred by their primary care physicians.Universal testing began April 10 for all emergency department admissions and April 13 for pre-operative and pre-procedure cases that are medically necessary.For all emergency department admissions, patients with a high probability of being infected will be masked and sent to cohort units, and m...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - April 14, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Effects of electroconvulsive therapy on short-term suicide mortality in a risk-matched patient population - Peltzman T, Shiner B, Watts BV.
This study assess... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Treatment for depression comorbid with dementia: A clinical review
Depression is a common comorbidity in dementia. Randomised controlled studies of antidepressants do not show a significant improvement in depressive symptoms in patients with comorbid dementia and are known to lead to an increase in side effects. However, there are relatively few studies of depression in dementia, and drawing firm conclusions about the use of antidepressants is limited by the amount of data available. Furthermore, it is unclear whether data can be extrapolated from similar populations (eg, those with late-life depression) to inform pharmacotherapy in this patient group. Given the lack of effectiveness and ...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - January 23, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Relief of expressed suicidality in schizophrenia after electroconvulsive therapy: a naturalistic cohort study - Tor PC, Bin Abdin E, Hadzi-Pavlovic D, Loo C.
Suicide risk in schizophrenia is a significant treatment challenge but there are few approved treatments. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a highly effective treatment for suicidality in depression but its effect on suicidality in schizophrenia is unclea... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Effectiveness of electroconvulsive therapy on treatment-resistant depressive disorder: a population-based mirror-image study - Lin CY, Chen IM, Tsai HJ, Wu CS, Liao SC.
This study aimed to examine whether ECT reduced re-hospitalization within one year after dischar... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Rehospitalization of postpartum depression and psychosis after electroconvulsive therapy: a population-based study with a matched control group - R önnqvist I, Brus O, Hammar Å, Landén M, Lundberg J, Nordanskog P, Nordenskjöld A.
This study compared the relapse rate after ECT between women who had ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

This Under-Utilized Drug Is Actually Critical for Treatment-Resistant Depression
Many people with clinical depression have tried an array of medication and still feel sick. Maybe they’ve tried different selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). Maybe they’ve taken these antidepressants along with an antipsychotic (a common strategy to boost effectiveness). Either way, the lack of improvement can make individuals feel even more hopeless and fear the darkness will never lift. If this sounds all-too familiar, you’re definitely not alone. In fact, up to 30 percent of people with depression don’t respond to the first few ...
Source: Psych Central - November 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Margarita Tartakovsky, M.S. Tags: Antidepressants Depression Disorders ECT General Medications Treatment Atypical Depression difficult to treat depression Managing Depression MAOIs medication for depression Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors Severe Depression Treatin Source Type: news

Electroconvulsive therapy without consent: the influence of human rights law - McSherry B.
The use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is highly regulated across Australia. Its use on those under compulsory mental health treatment orders remains controversial and the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture and Other Cruel and Inhuman Treatme... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Q & A: A drug-free option for treating ADHD in children
Deciding how to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children can be a difficult decision for parents. Stimulants, such as Adderall and Ritalin, are the most commonly prescribed ADHD treatments — and are considered to be the most effective.   But in April, the FDA approved the first device-based, non-drug therapy to treat ADHD in children. The FDA decision followed the completion of aUCLA study demonstrating the effectiveness and safety of a trigeminal nerve stimulation device that could be a new option for treating the disorder.The device tested in the study was developed using technology inve...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - November 5, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

What Is It Really Like to Stay at a Psychiatric Hospital?
Most of us have very specific, vivid ideas about what staying in a psychiatric hospital looks like. These ideas have likely been shaped by Hollywood or sensationalist news stories. Because how often do we hear about someone’s real-life stay at a psychiatric facility? If going to therapy is rarely talked about, the conversations surrounding psychiatric hospitals are virtually non-existent. So we tend to imagine wild, worst-case scenarios. To provide a more accurate picture, we asked several individuals who’ve been hospitalized to share what it was like for them. Of course, every person’s experience is diff...
Source: Psych Central - September 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Margarita Tartakovsky, M.S. Tags: Disorders General Stress Suicide Treatment Bipolar Disorder hope Hospitalization Inspiration Manic Episodes Psychiatric Hospital suicidal Source Type: news

The risk of imagination, or orgy of anger. Trying to reconstruct and understand the Sylvia Plath-phenomenon - Gerevich J.
To clarify the relationship between literature and psychiatry we can call on the help of the American-English writer Sylvia Plath, who was given electroconvulsive therapy and psychotherapy on a number of occasions for psychiatric illness and later took her... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

"The grasses unload their griefs on my feet" - the therapy of Sylvia Plath - Moretti M.
The study deals with the psychiatric treatment of the writer with a tragic fate, Sylvia Plath. Sylvia's treatment began with electroconvulsive therapy for suicidal thoughts at the age of 20 and soon afterended up in hospital for an attempted suicide with s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Can psychomotor disturbance predict ECT outcome in depression? - van Diermen L, Vanmarcke S, Walther S, Moens H, Veltman E, Fransen E, Sabbe B, van der Mast R, Birkenh äger T, Schrijvers D.
This study investigates whether psychomotor disturbance predicts the outcome of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and how the treatment modulates psychomotor disturbance. In 73 adults sufferin... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

ECT for Treatment-Resistant Schizophrenia ECT for Treatment-Resistant Schizophrenia
This Cochrane review evaluated the current evidence for the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy on clinical response for people with treatment-resistant schizophrenia.Schizophrenia Bulletin (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - July 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry Journal Article Source Type: news

Ghana: ICGC Donates Therapeutic Machines to MHA
[Ghanaian Times] The Mental Health Authority has received three Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) machines to augment the treatment of mental health patients in the country. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - June 20, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Lithium for suicide and readmission prevention after electroconvulsive therapy for unipolar depression: population-based register study - Brus O, Cao Y, Hammar Å, Landén M, Lundberg J, Nordanskog P, Nordenskjöld A.
This study quantifies the effec... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Managing Borderline Personality Disorder: New Insights Managing Borderline Personality Disorder: New Insights
New research is investigating the potential role of electroconvulsive therapy and antipsychotics in patients with borderline personality disorder.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - June 10, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Novel Convulsive Therapy May Cut Suicidal Thoughts in BD Novel Convulsive Therapy May Cut Suicidal Thoughts in BD
Magnetic seizure therapy appears effective in treating severe depression and suicidal thoughts while having a more benign effect on cognitive function than electroconvulsive therapy.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - June 4, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Low-amp electroconvulsive therapy may relieve suicidal thoughts
A new, small trial finds that low-amp electroconvulsive therapy is highly effective in reducing suicidal ideation while having no cognitive side effects. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - June 3, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Depression Source Type: news

Lower-amp ECT appears effective against suicidal thoughts
(Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University) Nearly half the amplitude typically used in standard electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) seems to be effective at treating suicidal thoughts, investigators report. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Electroconvulsive Therapy and Cardiac Events Electroconvulsive Therapy and Cardiac Events
Dr Peter Yellowlees on an important new meta-analysis of one of the main proposed risks of using ECT to treat depression.Medscape Psychiatry (Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines)
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - May 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Commentary Source Type: news

Book Review: Birth of a New Brain: Healing from Postpartum Bipolar Disorder
“I was caught in a whirl of racing, obsessive thoughts, which is how many people describe their bouts of mania. Instead of noticing my baby girl’s sweet scent or feeling her rose-petal soft skin, all I could think was, I must write this idea down, and this, and this…,” writes Dyane Harwood. In her new book, Birth of a New Brain: Healing from Postpartum Bipolar Disorder, Harwood offers an unfiltered, unedited and heart-wrenching journey through postpartum bipolar disorder and reminds us all that, even in the seemingly worst circumstances, hope can remain. Harwood’s story begins in the delivery...
Source: Psych Central - May 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Claire Nana Tags: Bipolar Book Reviews Disorders Family General Medications Memory and Perception Motivation and Inspiration Personal Stories Postpartum Depression Psychological Assessment Psychology Stigma Stress Suicide Treatment Women's I Source Type: news

Electroconvulsive therapy reboots certain brain networks to help depressed individuals
(Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care) Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) helps people with severe depression by 'pushing the reset button' on brain networks involved in creating a mental picture, according to recent Baycrest findings. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Magnitude of reduction and speed of remission of suicidality for low amplitude seizure therapy (LAP-ST) compared to standard right unilateral electroconvulsive therapy: a pilot double-blinded randomized clinical trial - Youssef NA, Ravilla D, Patel C, Yassa M, Sadek R, Zhang LF, McCloud L, McCall WV, Rosenquist PB.
Background: Although treatment guidelines support use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for acute suicidality, it is associated with cognitive side effects. The effect of Low Amplitude Seizure Therapy (LAP-ST) on suicidality is unknown. Our prior p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

"Zapping" your skull with EMF is the latest trend in treating PTSD – if you're willing to risk cancer and diabetes along the way
(Natural News) Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), commonly known as electric shock therapy, is without a doubt the most controversial mental health treatment ever to become a part of mainstream psychiatry. Developed by a team of Italian researchers back in 1938, ECT operates on the premise that exposing a mentally ill patient to a jolt of electricity... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - April 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Brain Stimulation May Soothe Severe Depression
The treatments included electroconvulsive therapy, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), magnetic seizure therapy, and transcranial direct current stimulation. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - March 28, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Think electroshock therapy is a medical brutality from the past? Nearly 23,000 patients were "brain shocked" in the U.K. from 2015-16
(Natural News) The number of patients who underwent electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the U.K. rose by 11 percent in the last four years, a shocking new report released by the TheGuardian.com revealed. The prevalence in which this treatment is prescribed depended on local medical preferences. The rise of ECT can be attributed to improved access to... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - March 18, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Non-suicidal self-injury and electroconvulsive therapy: outcomes in adolescent and young adult populations - Rootes-Murdy K, Carlucci M, Tibbs M, Wachtel LE, Sherman MF, Zandi PP, Reti IM.
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive (ECT) therapy is a highly effective treatment for severe depression. Although the clear majority of patients respond to ECT, not all do, and we still lack good predictors for ECT outcome, especially in adolescents and young ad... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Trial to Test ECT for Severe Agitation in Alzheimer's Trial to Test ECT for Severe Agitation in Alzheimer's
With funding for a new trial secured, electroconvulsive therapy is gaining ground as a possible treatment for treatment-resistant agitation and aggression in patients with Alzheimer's disease.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines)
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - March 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Electroconvulsive Therapy and Stroke in Affective Disorder Electroconvulsive Therapy and Stroke in Affective Disorder
Dr Peter Yellowlees discusses electroconvulsive therapy and later stroke in patients with affective disorders.Medscape Psychiatry (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - February 8, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry Commentary Source Type: news

Stop ECT for Refractory Depression? The Great Debate Stop ECT for Refractory Depression? The Great Debate
Experts argue for, and against, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for severe, refractory depression in a'head-to-head'article in the BMJ.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - February 4, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Alterations in hippocampal structural connections differentiate between responders of ECT
(Elsevier) A new study in people with major depression reports that electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) induces changes in the fibers connecting the hippocampus to brain regions involved in mood and emotion. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - January 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Adverse Cardiac Events and Mortality Associated With ECT Adverse Cardiac Events and Mortality Associated With ECT
This study assessed the risk of serious CV events and death.Anesthesiology (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - January 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry Journal Article Source Type: news

McLean researchers lead ECT study for alzheimer's patients with aggression
(McLean Hospital) McLean will lead a five-year study to investigate the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) to treat severe agitation and aggression in people with Alzheimer's disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Depression Treatment: Where We Are Missing the Mark
Depression affects 450 million people worldwide and 15 million adults in the United States (U.S.) alone. Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States, claiming over 40,000 lives every year. We see these heartbreaking stories making headlines too often, and there are tens of thousands more we do not know about. The scariest part? There is no end in sight. Antidepressants are one of the three most commonly used therapeutic drug classes in the United States. Approximately 1 in 9 Americans of all ages reported taking at least one antidepressant medication — a number that was less than 1 in 50 just th...
Source: Psych Central - September 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sachin Mehta, M.D. Tags: Antidepressants Bipolar Depression Medications Mood Stabilizers Neuroscience Suicide Treatment Deep brain stimulation Deep transcranial magnetic stimulation Depression Treatment Electroconvulsive Therapy Major Depressive Disorder Source Type: news

People undergoing voluntary and involuntary ECT treatment have similar outcomes
(Trinity College Dublin) People who have involuntary electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for depression have similar outcomes to those who have voluntary treatment, according to a ground-breaking new study conducted by researchers from Trinity College Dublin. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - June 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Early ECT Efficacious, Cost-effective for Resistant Depression Early ECT Efficacious, Cost-effective for Resistant Depression
A study suggests that initiating electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) early in the treatment resistant depression is both cost-effective and efficacious. after multiple other treatments have failed.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - May 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

896654 896654
A study suggests that initiating electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) early in the treatment resistant depression is both cost-effective and efficacious. after multiple other treatments have failed.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - May 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

ECT Effective for Treatment-Resistant Depression
MONDAY, May 14, 2018 -- Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) may be effective and cost-effective for U.S. patients with treatment-resistant depression, according to research published online May 10 in JAMA Psychiatry. Eric L. Ross, from the University of... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - May 14, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Should 'shock therapy' be used to treat depression more often?
A study concludes that if electroconvulsive therapy was used earlier in the treatment of depression, the outcome for many patients would be much improved. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - May 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychology / Psychiatry Source Type: news

ECT May Benefit Young Patients With Severe Autism ECT May Benefit Young Patients With Severe Autism
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) may reduce depression and other psychiatric symptoms in patients with severe autism spectrum disorder, new research shows.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - May 9, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news