Persistence of Friendly and Submissive Interpersonal Styles Among Those with Binge-Eating Disorder: Comparisons with Matched Controls and Outcomes After Group Therapy.

Persistence of Friendly and Submissive Interpersonal Styles Among Those with Binge-Eating Disorder: Comparisons with Matched Controls and Outcomes After Group Therapy. Clin Psychol Psychother. 2019 Jun 20;: Authors: Brugnera A, Carlucci S, Compare A, Tasca GA Abstract Interpersonal problems play a prominent role in the development of binge-eating disorder (BED), so that reducing their intensity may be a key focus of many psychological interventions. In recent years, several interpersonal treatments for BED were developed, which posit that binge-eating arises to manage relational problems. However, few studies have evaluated the prototypical interpersonal problems, and no studies evaluated the longitudinal changes in interpersonal functioning after treatment within this population. We investigated the severity and prototypicality of interpersonal problems of 101 overweight women with BED from pre-Group Psychodynamic-Interpersonal Psychotherapy (GPIP) to 12 months post-GPIP. At baseline, we compared patients' interpersonal problems with two groups of matched controls (46 overweight and 49 normal weight women without a diagnosis of BED), and examined circular correlations between relational problems, depressive symptoms and binge-eating frequency. Results showed that participants with BED had significantly higher levels of interpersonal problems compared to the matched control samples, with predominantly non-assertive and exploitable styles. Depressive sympt...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Impaired Autonomy and Performance is associated with BED in a sample of obese patients. Schema therapy should be considered a potential psychotherapy strategy in the treatment of BED. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, case-control study. PMID: 31302882 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
ConclusionsAvoidance coping and depressive symptoms emerged as key variables in understanding recent disordered eating among patients considering bariatric surgery. Pre-surgical psychological evaluations and treatment approaches could be enhanced with consideration of patient coping strategies, particularly avoidant coping responses to stress, independent of psychological distress.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study aimed to identify demographic and clinical predictors of response to Tele-CBT among 79 patients who received Tele-CBT in three previous studies. List-wise deletion was applied after which n=58 patients were included in a multivariate linear regression adjusted for age, sex, and education status, to evaluate patient rurality index (urban or non-urban), and baseline binge eating (BES), emotional eating (EES), and depression symptoms (PHQ-9), as predictors of tele-CBT response. The predictors explained 31% of the observed variance (R2=.312, F (4,57) =3.238, p
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These findings, which highlight the clinical significance of overvaluation of weight or shape among patients with LOC eating following bariatric surgery, are similar to those previously reported for binge-eating disorder. Postoperatively, overvaluation of weight or shape was associated with greater eating disorder psychopathology, depression, and disability. PMID: 31207166 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research
The objective was to evaluate the effects of interdisciplinary therapy in the neuroendocrine control of food intake, inflammatory markers, and psychological aspects in obese women. Forty-seven obese women (43.32±5.82 years, 34.86±3.08 kg/m2), aged 30–50 years, participated in an interdisciplinary lifestyle change therapy, consisting of nutritional counseling, physical exercises, and psychological therapy for 36 weeks. After the long-term therapy, there was a decrease in body weight (Δ –5.36 kg), BMI (Δ –2.01 kg/m2), abdominal (Δ –9.09 cm), ...
Source: Hormone and Metabolic Research - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Endocrine Care Source Type: research
Abstract Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most common type of eating disorder. According to the most recent data available, the estimated lifetime prevalence of BED among US adults in the general population is 0.85% (men 0.42% and women 1.25%). Among psychiatric treatment populations, prevalence is several-fold higher. Although many people with BED are obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2), roughly half are not. In the DSM-5, BED is defined by recurrent episodes of binge eating (eating in a discrete period of time, an amount of food larger than most people would eat in a similar amount of time under similar circumstances an...
Source: CNS Spectrums - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: CNS Spectr Source Type: research
Authors: Vigna L, Morelli F, Agnelli GM, Napolitano F, Ratto D, Occhinegro A, Di Iorio C, Savino E, Girometta C, Brandalise F, Rossi P Abstract Epidemiological data indicate that subjects affected by obesity have an increased risk of developing mood disorders. The relationship between obesity and mood disorders is bidirectional. We assessed whether a Hericium erinaceus treatment improved depression, anxiety, sleep, and binge eating disorders after 8 weeks of supplementation in subjects affected by overweight or obesity under a low calorie diet regimen. Looking for a possible clinical biomarker, we assessed the seru...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
We examined the effects of the independent and combined effects of Zataria Multiflora supplementation and circuit resistance training (CRT) on selected adipokines among postmenopausal women. Forty-eight postmenopausal women were divided into four groups: Exercise (EG, n = 12), Zataria Multiflora (ZMG, n = 12), exercise and Zataria Multiflora (ZMEG, n = 12), and control (CG, n = 12). Participants in experimental groups either performed CRT (3 sessions per week with intensity at 55% of one-repetition maximum) or supplemented with Zataria Multiflora (500 mg every day after breakfast with 100 ml of water), or their combination...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
You happen to be among the two-thirds of Americans with overweight and obesity (defined as a body mass index of 25 or greater), and you are just thrilled to go to your next doctor’s appointment, right? Wrong! Unfortunately, if you have a diagnosis of overweight or obesity, you might find the doctor’s office to be the least inviting place to be. Maybe you find that there are no chairs to accommodate you in the waiting room. When the medical staff takes your blood pressure, you might find that they struggle to find the right size cuff. You might feel as though you are weighed in a disrespectful fashion. Or maybe,...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: This cross-sectional study underlines the co-occurrence of emotional and personality disorders with BED. This points out the importance of a multidisciplinary approach and the relevance of a joint diagnosis of binge eating, emotional disorders, and personality dimensions in obese adolescents, for better prevention and treatment of pediatric obesity. PMID: 30898314 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research
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