Relationship of muscle morphology to hip displacement in cerebral palsy: a pilot study investigating changes intrinsic to the sarcomere

Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common cause of childhood disability, typified by a static encephalopathy with peripheral musculoskeletal manifestations —most commonly related to spasticity—that are progressive...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research

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Abstract Introduction: This audit aimed to increase understanding of the long-term outcomes of evidence-based medical and surgical interventions to improve gross motor function in children and adolescents with Cerebral Palsy. Methods: Retrospective audit of a birth cohort (2000-2009) attending a tertiary service in Western Australia. Results: The cohort comprises 771 patients aged 8 to 17 years. Percentage of children receiving no Botulinum Toxin treatments in each Gross Motor Functional Classification System level was: I: 40%, II: 26%, III: 33%, IV: 28% and V: 46%. Of the total cohort, 53% of children rece...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
This study aimed to compare metabolic demand and muscle activity in healthy controls, adults with stroke, and adults with CP during sedentary behavior and light physical activities. METHODS: Seventy-one adults (45.6 [18.9] y, range 18-86) participated in this study, of which there were 18 controls, 31 with stroke, and 22 with CP. The metabolic equivalent of task (MET) and level of muscle activation were assessed for different sedentary positions (sitting supported and unsupported) and light physical activities (standing and walking). RESULTS: During sitting supported and unsupported, people with mild to modera...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research
Conclusion: Compared with adults without CP, those with CP have an elevated prevalence of mental health disorders, some of which may be more pronounced in patients with comorbid neurodevelopmental disorders. Primary Funding Source: National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research. PMID: 31382276 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research
PMID: 31382274 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research
Quality of life (QoL) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measurement in low and middle-income countries of people with cerebral palsy (CP), the major cause of childhood physical disability, is essentia...
Source: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusions: The assessment tool L-STIFF is a promising tool for quantifying lower limb spasticity in children with cerebral palsy in a standing position. However, the results should be interpreted carefully. Implications for Rehabilitation L-STIFF is a promising tool for evaluating lower limb spasticity in standing position. A special care must be given to the installation and alignment of the participant into the Lokomat to minimize erroneous spasticity measurement. Relative standard error of measurement and minimal detectable change should be used to analyze changes spasticity. PMID: 31368379 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Conclusions: Results from this study suggest that there are potentially modifiable factors, including activity level and sleep, that significantly contribute to fatigue for persons with CP; these could form the basis of interventions targeted at the prevention and management of fatigue. Implications for Rehabilitation As individuals with cerebral palsy who are physically active experience significant fatigue, clinicians need to address fatigue to enable these individuals to reap the health benefits of physical activity. Providing education and support to integrate self-management techniques, such as planning and pacing, ma...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Abstract Aims: To determine the effects of group-task-oriented training (group-TOT) on gross and fine motor function, activities of daily living (ADL) and social function of children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). Methods: Eighteen children with spastic CP (4-7.5 years, gross motor function classification system level I-III) were randomly assigned to the Group-TOT (9 children received group-TOT for 1 hour, twice a week for 8 weeks) or the comparison group (9 children received individualized traditional physical and occupational therapy). The Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM)-88, the Bruin...
Source: Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Phys Occup Ther Pediatr Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundLower gestational age may increase autism spectrum disorder (ASD) vulnerability; however, the incidence of ASD diagnosis through a direct assessment on every very preterm birth child on the population base remains unclear. Moreover, the behavioral characteristics of preterm birth ASD are unknown.MethodsEvery very preterm birth child (gestational age
Source: Molecular Autism - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Conclusion and implicationKnowledge about the functioning profile of young adults with cerebral palsy can support health services in the provision of developmentally appropriate care.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
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