Radiological imaging in renal transplantation.

RADIOLOGICAL IMAGING IN RENAL TRANSPLANTATION. Acta Clin Croat. 2018 Dec;57(4):694-712 Authors: Sjekavica I, Novosel L, Rupčić M, Smiljanić R, Muršić M, Duspara V, Lušić M, Perkov D, Hrabak-Paar M, Zidanić M, Skender M Abstract - Radiological diagnostic methods have a significant role in the preoperative and postoperative care of patients after kidney transplantation. Improvement and innovations in technology, but also the growing experience of the radiologists who deal with kidney transplant patients as part of the transplant team lead to earlier detection of complications in the postoperative period, which are the leading cause of transplant failure. In this article, we describe, through diagnostic imaging examples, detailed evaluation of all possible complications that can occur after kidney transplantation, with evaluation of different possible diagnostic methods that can be used in the preoperative assessment and postoperative follow up and care of the transplanted patient. The goal of this article is to demonstrate and summarize in detail the possible complications of renal transplantation and how to best diagnostically approach them, with special reference to ultrasound which is the main imaging method for this group of conditions. PMID: 31168207 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research

Related Links:

We present the case of a 46-year-old man who underwent successful antegrade ureteroscopy for lithiasis in his allograft ureter. At a scheduled follow-up 15  years after transplantation, computed tomography (CT) detected a 12-mm renal stone in the renal pelvis of the transplanted kidney. During his follow-up, gross hematuria was seen; the stone moved to the ureter, causing hydronephrosis. Ultrasound and non-contrast CT revealed hydronephrosis and a 15- mm stone in the transplanted ureter. Considering the stone size, location, and the difficulty of the access to the anastomosed ureteral orifice, percutaneous ureteroscop...
Source: Urolithiasis - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
by Lisa Hurt, Melissa Wright, Joanne Demmler, Judith VanDerVoort, Susan Morris, Fiona Brook, David Tucker, Maria Chapman, Nick A. Francis, Rhian Daniel, David Fone, Sinead Brophy, Shantini Paranjothy BackgroundChronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing contributor to the global burden of noncommunicable diseases. Early diagnosis and treatment can reduce the severity of kidney damage and the need for dialysis or transplantation. It is not known whether mild-to-moderate renal pelvis dilatation (RPD) identified at 18 –20 weeks gestation is an early indicator of renal pathology. The aim of this follow-up to the Welsh Stud...
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Discussion Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a rare liver disease caused by hepatic venous outflow obstruction (HVOTO). The obstruction can be anywhere from the small intrahepatic veins up to the inferior vena cava junction with the right atrium. The liver parenchyma itself is not directly affected but becomes compromised because of the increased hepatic sinusoidal pressure over time. The causes include: prothrombic events (35% of cases such as Protein C or Protein S deficiency, Factor V Leiden or antithrombin deficiency), myeloproliferative conditions, oral contraceptive use, and local factors. BCS can occur in any age but i...
Source: - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
The original version of this article, published on 17 December 2018, unfortunately contained a mistake. The following correction has therefore been made in the original: The name of Jaeseung Shin was presented incorrectly. The corrected author list is given above.
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Cueto-Medina A, Alonso-Díaz PL, Martínez-Casanova R, Porto-González F, Quevedo-Benítez Y, Abdo-Cuza A Abstract Pleural effusion is a common condition in critically ill patients (both clinical and surgical). Its diagnosis and classification are important for followup of patients with cardiorespiratory difficulty. Lung ultrasound is used for this purpose, but no reports have been published on its use in Cuba with critically ill patients in intensive care units. We performed lung ultrasound on 144 such patients with cardiorespiratory illnesses, average age 54 years, predominantly m...
Source: MEDICC Review - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: MEDICC Rev Source Type: research
In patients awaiting heart transplantation (HTx), end-stage disease of a second organ may occasionally require consideration of simultaneous multiorgan transplantation. As cardiac and renal disease are related physiologically and often co-exist, the population of combined heart and kidney transplantation (HKTx) has significantly increased over the last few years along with the growing number of patients wait listed for heart.1,2 Interestingly, short-term survival rates after HKTx have been reported to be comparable to those after isolated HTx.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Clinical Science Source Type: research
Because cardiac and renal disease are physiologically related and often coexist, the prevalence of combined heart and kidney transplantation (HKTx) has significantly increased over the last few years. It has been suggested that combined organ allografts modulate the immune system favorably for one or both allografts resulting in successful clinical outcomes. However, whether the addition of kidney transplantation has a protective immune effect against developing cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) has not been fully investigated.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL CLINICAL SCIENCE Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between elastography scores and renal functions and proteinuria levels in patient populations with various kidney diseases. Seventy-five diabetic nephropathy patients, 66 kidney transplant patients, and 45 glomerulonephritis patients were included in the study. The amount of proteinuria was measured according to the protein-to-creatinine ratio in spot urine samples. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated according to the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formula. Ultrasound elastography scores were measured in each patient group by a radiol...
Source: Ultrasound Quarterly - Category: Radiology Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Authors: Tirtayasa PMW, Duarsa GWK, Situmorang GR, Yudiana IW, Santosa KB, Oka AAG, Rodjani A, Rasyid N Abstract BACKGROUND: resistive index (RI) is highly utilised to assess the graft function using Doppler ultrasonography. The RI has been shown as the best ultrasound parameter to assess kidney allograft dysfunction. Several studies have established the role of the RI as a predictor of transplant failure. However, these studies were using RI measurement in the later stages post transplantation. The present study has conducted to identify the association between early RI measurement and early graft function represe...
Source: Acta medica Indonesiana - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Acta Med Indones Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2019Source: IDCasesAuthor(s): Sara Belga, Will Chen, Gavin Low, Carlos CerveraAbstractXanthogranulomatous (XG) prostatitis is a rare form of granulomatous prostatitis characterized by a benign inflammatory process of non-specific etiology that clinically may mimic carcinoma. Few cases have been reported in the English language medical literature, with only four reported cases presenting as prostatic abscesses. A 70-year-old male with type 2 diabetes mellitus and two previous kidney transplants presented with septic shock secondary to Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremia 4 days after u...
Source: IDCases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
More News: Croatia Health | General Medicine | Kidney Transplant | Kidney Transplantation | Radiology | Transplant Surgery | Transplants | Ultrasound | Urology & Nephrology