ATP induces caspase-3/gasdermin E-mediated pyroptosis in NLRP3 pathway-blocked murine macrophages

In this study, we used cellular models to mimic such blockade of NLRP3 activation: bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) treated with NLRP3-specific inhibitor MCC950 and RAW264.7 cells deficient in ASC (apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain) expression. The results showed that ATP treatment induced lytic cell death morphologically resembling canonical pyroptosis in both MCC950-treated BMDMs and RAW264.7 cells, but did not cause the activation of caspase-1 (by detecting caspase-1p10 and mature interleukin-1 β) and cleavage of GSDMD. Instead, both apoptotic initiator (caspase-8 and -9) and executioner (caspase-3 and -7) caspases were evidently activated and gasdermin E (GSDME) was cleaved to generate its N-terminal fragment (GSDME-NT) which executes pyroptosis. The GSDME-NT production and lytic cell de ath induced by ATP were diminished by caspase-3 inhibitor. In BMDMs without MCC950 treatment, ATP induced the formation of ASC specks which were co-localized with caspase-8; with MCC950 treatment, however, ATP did not induced the formation of ASC specks. In RAW264.7 cells, knockdown of GSDME by smal l interfering RNA attenuated ATP-induced lytic cell death and HMGB1 release into culture supernatants. Collectively, our results indicate that ATP induces pyroptosis in macrophages through the caspase-3/GSDME axis when the canonical NLRP3 pathway is blocked, suggestive of an alternative mechanism fo r combating against pathogen evasion.
Source: Apoptosis - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

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