Atopic eczema and microbiome.

CONCLUSION: Knowledge of the skin microbiome has improved in recent years. This will certainly improve the understanding of the pathogenesis causing atopic eczema. These findings may also form the foundation of new treatment and prevention strategies for atopic eczema in the future. PMID: 31111169 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Hautarzt: Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete - Category: Dermatology Tags: Hautarzt Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Materials LettersAuthor(s): Li Chen, Hong Pan, Caifeng Zhuang, Mengyao Peng, Li ZhangAbstractTreatment against bacterial infection is of great significance for joint wound healing in medical nursing care. Thus, it is urgent to develop efficient antibacterial agent with excellent wound healing capability. In this research, a two-step strategy was employed for the development of novel chitosan scaffold reinforced by strontium doped TiO2 nanoparticles (CS/Sr-TiO2). The antibacterial activity of CS/Sr-TiO2 against Escherichia coli, and Staphylococcus aureus were evalua...
Source: Materials Letters - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
This study demonstrated the electrospun fibrous mat with efficient on-demand antibacterial properties is promising for practical application in anti-infective therapy.Graphical abstract
Source: Chemical Engineering Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: BiologyAuthor(s): M.R. Bindhu, M. Umadevi, Galal Ali Esmail, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Mariadhas Valan ArasuAbstractThe present study aimed to explore the biosynthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) from Moringa oleifera flower (MOF) extract and its antimicrobial and sensing properties. The prepared AgNPs were characterized by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), UV–visible spectral analysis (UV–vis), X-Ray Diffraction (X-RD), Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS), and Fourier Infra-Red...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
Abstract Metals are essential components in all forms of life required for the function of nearly half of all enzymes and are critically involved in virtually all fundamental biological processes. Especially, the transition metals iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu) and cobalt (Co) are crucial micronutrients known to play vital roles in metabolism as well due to their unique redox properties. Metals carry out three major functions within metalloproteins: to provide structural support, to serve as enzymatic cofactors, and to mediate electron transportation. Metal ions are also involved in...
Source: Advances in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Adv Immunol Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that glycopyrronium, formoterol, and a combination of glycopyrronium, formoterol, and budesonide inhibit HCoV-229E replication partly by inhibiting receptor expression and/or endosomal function and that these drugs modulate infection-induced inflammation in the airway.
Source: Respiratory Investigation - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Staphylococcus aureus has been implicated in the pathophysiology of eczema, allergic rhinitis, asthma, and food allergy. S aureus is a marker of more severe eczema, which is a risk factor for food sensitization/allergy. Therefore it might be that the association between S aureus and food allergy in eczematous patients is related to eczema severity.
Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
Discussion There are numerous microbial communities inhabited in the human body, which is critical to human health. The relationship between human microbiome and diseases received much attention from both medical and bioinformatics community recently. However, traditional methods to detect their association is costly and labor-intensive. Thus, we proposed here a new computational model called NBLPIHMDA to infer potential microbe-disease associations. NBLPIHMDA first combined known microbe-disease associations in HMDAD and the Gaussian interaction profile kernel similarity to construct disease similarity network and microb...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Adults with AD had increased cutaneous, respiratory, multiorgan, and systemic infections, which were associated with a considerable cost burden. PMID: 29273131 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol Source Type: research
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is associated with intense itch and loss of sleep in early life and with food allergy and asthma, in later life. The early origins of AD are incompletely understood but involve a complex interplay between the skin barrier, immune dysregulation, and the cutaneous microbiome. Eczema has a close relationship with Staphylococcus aureus colonization, which is associated with flares of AD. However, it was not known whether S aureus colonization preceded eczema or eczema followed S aureus colonization.
Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: The Editors' choice Source Type: research
DISCUSSION SESSION 1: Food allergy (PD01 –PD05)PD01 Allergen-specific humoral and cellular responses in children who fail egg oral immunotherapy due to allergic reactionsMarta Vazquez-Ortiz, Mariona Pascal, Ana Maria Plaza, Manel JuanPD02 FoxP3 epigenetic features in children with cow milk allergyLorella Paparo, Rita Nocerino, Rosita Aitoro, Ilaria Langella, Antonio Amoroso, Alessia Amoroso, Carmen Di Scala, Roberto Berni CananiPD04 Combined milk and egg allergy in early childhood: let them eat cake?Santanu Maity, Giuseppina Rotiroti, Minal GandhiPD05 Introduction of complementary foods in relation to allergy and gut...
Source: Clinical and Translational Allergy - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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