Mentoring the mentors of students from diverse backgrounds for research.

This article defines and discusses 6 beliefs, attitudes, and practices that can erode or undermine self-esteem and self confidence in student-scholars from underrepresented and marginalized groups in academic settings. Specifically, the beliefs and practices are reactions to implicit bias, color blindness, imposter syndrome, internalized racism, stereotype threat, and code-switching. Mentors need to know how to discuss these reactions because they can also influence the mentoring process and academic performance. To minimize incidents or interactions that might result in scholars not being able to find their place in these settings, recommendations for basic mentoring strategies and individual- and systemic-level approaches to address institutional racism are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved). PMID: 31070417 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Partial vision loss from early monocular enucleation results in altered structural connectivity that extends into the auditory system, beyond tracts primarily dedicated to vision.
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
In this study, researchers studied 438,952 participants in the UK Biobank, who had a total of 24,980 major coronary events - defined as the first occurrence of non-fatal heart attack, ischaemic stroke, or death due to coronary heart disease. They used an approach called Mendelian randomisation, which uses naturally occurring genetic differences to randomly divide the participants into groups, mimicking the effects of running a clinical trial. People with genes associated with lower blood pressure, lower LDL cholesterol, and a combination of both were put into different groups, and compared against those without thes...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Cataracts are cloudy areas that develop on the lens of the eye. They can affect a person ’s vision. Surgery is currently the only way to remove cataracts and restore vision. Learn about what to expect from the different surgical procedures.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Eye Health / Blindness Source Type: news
Publication date: 15 November 2019Source: NeuroImage, Volume 202Author(s): Joshua O. Eayrs, Nilli LavieAbstractCapacity limits in perception can lead to failures of awareness in situations that overload capacity, resulting in various phenomena of ‘inattentional blindness’. In contrast, capacity limits in cognitive control over attention by working memory lead to increased processing of irrelevant distractors (reduced inattentional blindness). Here, using Voxel-Based Morphometry combined with Principal Components Analysis, we establish distinct brain-structural correlates of perceptual capacity, dissociable from...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Deficiency of RD3 (retinal degeneration 3) protein causes recessive blindness and photoreceptor degeneration in humans and in the rd3 mouse strain, but the disease mechanism is unclear. Here, we present evidence that RD3 protects photoreceptors from degeneration by competing with guanylyl cyclase-activating proteins (GCAPs), which are calcium sensor proteins for retinal membrane guanylyl cyclase (RetGC). RetGC activity in rd3/rd3 retinas was drastically reduced but stimulated by the endogenous GCAPs at low Ca2+ concentrations. RetGC activity completely failed to accelerate in rd3/rd3GCAPs−/− hybrid photorecepto...
Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Neurobiology Source Type: research
SummaryCataracts are the leading cause of blindness and visual disability worldwide. Of the known contributing factors to this condition, ionising radiation is considered the primary concern in a radiological context given the particular radiosensitivity of the lens of the eye. In light of the substantially increased application of computed tomography in brain imaging, an investigation of the relevent literature is warranted to assess thresholds, lens radiation doses and dose reduction techniques in respect to the cataractogenic risk of such examinations. The value and very existence of a lens dose threshold is debatable g...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Medical Imaging —Review Article Source Type: research
Authors: Gamalero L, Simonini G, Ferrara G, Polizzi S, Giani T, Cimaz R Abstract BACKGROUND: Uveitis is an inflammatory disorder of the uveal tract of the eye that can affect both adults and children. Non-infectious uveitis can be an expression of a systemic autoimmune condition, or it can be idiopathic. It is a serious disease, associated with possible severe complications leading to visual impairment and blindness. For this reason, a prompt diagnosis and assessment of an appropriate treatment, with the collaboration of specialists such as ophthalmologists and rheumatologists, are extremely important. Many treatme...
Source: The Israel Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Isr Med Assoc J Source Type: research
Since the discovery of induced pluripotency more than a decade ago, researchers have been working towards the use of this technology to produce cells for use in tissue engineering and regenerative therapies. Induced pluripotent stem cells are functionally equivalent to embryonic stem cells; given suitable recipes and methods for the surrounding environment and signals, they can be made to generate any of the cell types in the body. The cornea of the eye is a comparatively simple starting point for tissue engineering, easier to work with in many ways, in generating tissues and in delivering cells to the patient. Here, the f...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
In this study we postulate that pfn-1 knock down promotes epithelial lineage by inhibiting the integrin-β1(CD29)/mTOR pathway and subsequent NANOG down-expression. We showed that it is possible modulate pfn1 expression levels by treating f-LSCs with Resveratrol (RSV), a natural compound: pfn1 decline is accompanied with up-regulation of the specific differentiation epithelial genes pax6 (paired-box 6), sox17 (sex determining region Y-box 17) and ΔNp63-α (p63 splice variant), consistent with drop-down of the principle stem gene levels. These results contribute to understand the molecular biology of corneal ...
Source: J Cell Mol Med - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: J Cell Mol Med Source Type: research
Abstract Responding to commentaries from psychologists, neuroscientists, philosophers, and anthropologists, I clarify a central purpose of Cognitive Gadgets - to overcome "cognition blindness" in research on human evolution. I defend this purpose against Brunerian, extended mind, and niche construction critiques of computationalism - that is, views prioritising meaning over information, or asserting that behaviour and objects can be intrinsic parts of a thinking process. I argue that empirical evidence from cognitive science is needed to locate distinctively human cognitive mechanisms on the continuum be...
Source: The Behavioral and Brain Sciences - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Behav Brain Sci Source Type: research
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