Perilymphatic Fistulas and Superior Semi-Circular Canal Dehiscence Syndrome.

Perilymphatic Fistulas and Superior Semi-Circular Canal Dehiscence Syndrome. Adv Otorhinolaryngol. 2019;82:93-100 Authors: Weinreich HM, Carey JP Abstract Perilymphatic fistulas (PLF) and superior semi-circular canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS) are 2 conditions that can present with sound and/or pressure-induced vertigo. PLF should be suspected in cases of trauma or surgery, while a spontaneous PLF is a diagnosis of exclusion. Research is ongoing to identify an ideal biomarker for perilymph. The diagnosis of SCDS continues to evolve with further research into vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials, electrocochleography, and higher resolution CT imaging. Treatment advances include the transmastoid approach, smaller middle fossa craniotomies, and usage of endoscopes. Temporal bone studies have furthered the understanding of pressure dynamics within the ear and how this relates to recommendations for repair versus alternative treatments such as round window plugging. PMID: 30947173 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Adv Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

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ConclusionsOur results indicated that otolith dysfunction of BPPVs was detected by latencies in VEMPs, and AR in oVEMP more sensitively reflects the difference between affected and non-affected ears in BPPV patients. The otolith dysfunction of BPPV might be induced by the systemic condition. However, the differences of latencies between BPPV patients and control patients were too small to use VEMPs as a prognostic predictor.
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionOur study shows a reduced number of vertigo attacks and a positive effect on the discomfort generated by tinnitus and quality of life in patients with unilateral MD treated with SPC and when compared to patients treated with intravenous glycerol and dexamethasone. No effects on hearing thresholds were noted in both groups.
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Vertigo refers to a sensation of dizziness or spinning. Cervical vertigo refers to vertigo that results from a certain neck posture or movement. Learn more here.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology / Neuroscience Source Type: news
Semin Hear 2019; 40: 300-307 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1697032Falls are among the most injurious, costly, and feared conditions affecting older adults. Patients with diabetes have a significantly greater risk for falling due to complications affecting the sensory systems required for balance: vision, proprioception, and vestibular. The effects of diabetes mellitus on the vestibular system are perhaps the least understood of these systems. The vestibular system is complex, includes multiple structures, and is difficult and expensive to thoroughly assess. There is pathophysiologic evidence suggesting a direct effect of diabetes me...
Source: Seminars in Hearing - Category: Audiology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
This article isolates the auditory and vestibular side effects of those drugs as reported by the drug's manufacturer as well as those side effects that could interfere with a balance assessment. Twenty of the 75 approved medications (26%) could have an auditory-related side effect. Hearing loss and tinnitus are not on the list. Only two, or just 3%, have vertigo and spinning as reported side effects (one each). More than 50% of the drugs will have some effect on a balance assessment. Audiologists who evaluate a patient with diabetes (PWD) are presented with symptoms that could be related to their diabetes medication. Altho...
Source: Seminars in Hearing - Category: Audiology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Condition:   Dizziness Intervention:   Other: Pediatric Vestibular Symptom Questionnaire Sponsor:   Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, Ahead of Print.
Source: The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
t S Abstract The aim of this study was to reveal clinical features of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) through comparing idiopathic BPPV and BPPV secondary to vestibular neuritis (VN). The clinical data of the 189 BPPV patients admitted to our tertiary care hospital including otolaryngological, audiological, vestibular, neurological, and radiological evaluations were reviewed. Patients diagnosed with idiopathic BPPV (n = 145) and BPPV secondary to VN (n = 44) were grouped as I and II, respectively. The clinical data of 2 groups were compared. The findings of the study showed that the patients with secon...
Source: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Ear Nose Throat J Source Type: research
We present the case of a 39-year-old male presenting with headache, vertigo, tinnitus, hearing loss, and hoarseness. Neurological assessment showed facial paralysis House–Brackmann IV and lower cranial nerves deficits. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated two large lesions, suggestive of a glomus jugulare, and carotid body paragangliomas. Considering worsening of the symptoms and the important mass effect of both lesions over the neurovascular structures, microsurgical excision was offered, after preoperative tumor embolization. We preferred to approach both lesions in the same operation, starti...
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part B: Skull Base - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Skull Base: Operative Videos Source Type: research
Authors: Domènech-Vadillo E, áLvarez-Morujo De Sande MG, González-Aguado R, Guerra-Jiménez G, Galera-Ruiz H, Ramos-Macías Á, Morales-Angulo C, Martín-Mateos AJ, Figuerola-Massana E, Domínguez-Durán E PMID: 31570901 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital Source Type: research
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