Body Mass Index as a predictor of multimorbidity in the Brazilian population

Abstract Overweight is a health risk indicator, but little is known about its influence on the chronic non-communicable diseases (NCD) multimorbidity. The aim of this study was to identify the predictive values and sociodemographic factors associated with Body Mass Index (BMI) as a determinant of the occurrence of NCD multimorbidity in Brazilian men and women. Data from the "Surveillance of risk and protection factors for chronic diseases by telephone survey" -2013 national survey were used. The population was composed of ≥ 18 year-old individuals and those living in house with a fixed telephone line in the 27 Brazilian ’ s capitals. The outcome variables were BMI and its respective predictive value for the occurrence of multimorbidity ( ≥ 2 NCDs). The exposure was age, marital status and educational level. Inferential statistics included the construction of Receiver Operating Characteristic curves (cutoff point defined by sensibility [Se] and specificity [Sp]) and the association by Poisson Regression, stratified by sex. The values with the best predictive capacity for multimorbidity were 26.7 kg/m2 (Se = 60.9%, Sp = 60.2%) for men and 25.7 kg/m2 (Se = 61.8%, Sp = 61.1%) for women. The predictive multimorbidity value followed the progress of age groups up to 55 to 64 years for both groups. Women with higher educational level showed an inverse association for the presence of the outcome. BMI can be considered a predictor of the occurrence of multimorbidi...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

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(Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University) Eight months of daily, afterschool physical activity in previously inactive 8- to 11-year-olds with obesity and overweight improved key measures of their cardiovascular health like good cholesterol levels, aerobic fitness and percent body fat, but didn't improve others like arterial stiffness, an early indicator of cardiovascular risk, Medical College of Georgia investigators report.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Journal Name: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism Issue: Ahead of print
Source: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
This study assessed 1) fasting and postprandial insulin and glucose before and after 2 weeks of HIIT in healthy adolescent boys, and 2) the relationship between pre intervention health outcomes and the effects of the HIIT intervention.MethodsSeven healthy boys (age:14.3  ± 0.3 y, BMI: 21.6 ± 2.6, 3 participants classified as overweight) completed 6 sessions of HIIT over 2 weeks. Insulin resistance (IR) and blood glucose and insulin responses to a Mixed Meal Tolerance Test (MMTT) were assessed before (PRE), 20 h and 70 h after (POST) the final HIIT ses sion.ResultsTwo ...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
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Source: Archives of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
(Natural News) Lutein is known for its ability to support eye health. But a recent study from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign revealed that the carotenoid can also help in boosting memory, especially for people suffering from obesity. For the study, the team collected dietary data from the participants — all of whom were either obese...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: Guzmán-Muñoz E, Sazo-Rodriguez S, Concha-Cisternas Y, Valdés-Badilla P, Lira-Cea C, Silva-Moya G, Henríquez R, Farias TY, Cigarroa I, Castillo-Retamal M, Méndez-Rebolledo G Abstract Thirty-two children with overweight or obesity were randomly divided into a neuromuscular training group (NTG) (n = 16) and a control group (CG) (n = 16). All individuals participated in the measurement of static postural control under two conditions: the double-leg stance with eyes open (EO) and eyes closed (EC). The center of pressure variables was obtained. mSEBT was used for dynamic postur...
Source: Journal of Motor Behavior - Category: Neurology Tags: J Mot Behav Source Type: research
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