Effect of Mobile Health on Obese Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Conclusions: The use of mHealth for obese adults showed a modest short-term effect on body weight and BMI. Although the weight loss associated with mHealth did not meet the recommendation of the Scottish Intercollegiate Guideline Network, which considers a reduction of approximately 5 to 10 kg of the initial body weight as a successful intervention. Well-designed RCTs are needed to reveal the effects of mHealth interventions. PMID: 30788177 [PubMed]
Source: Healthcare Informatics Research - Category: Information Technology Tags: Healthc Inform Res Source Type: research

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The objective of this study was to investigate the association between the genetic variants of the ADIPOQ gene (+45T>G and +276G>T) with MetS among a relocated indigenous Temiar subtribe community in Malaysia. This cross-sectional study investigated 123 relocated Temiar volunteers in Kelantan. Modified NCEP ATP III criteria were used to diagnose MetS. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood and genotyped for ADIPOQ +45T>G and +276G>T polymorphisms using Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique. Associations between ADIPOQ +45T>G (rs2241766) and +276G>T (rs150...
Source: Meta Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
ConclusionsKT plus quadriceps strengthening exercise does not offer advantages for improvement of pain compared with quadriceps strengthening exercise alone in knee OA.ResumenAntecedentesLos efectos benéficos del ejercicio en el tratamiento de la osteoartritis (OA) de rodilla han sido verificados en varios estudios. El vendaje kinesiológico o kinesiotaping (KT) se ha popularizado debido a la reducción de la presión local y el aumento de la circulación, lo que resulta en disminución del dolor.ObjetivoDeterminar la efectividad clínica de la terapia de fortalecimiento en conjun...
Source: Reumatologia Clinica - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Conclusion: PsA is characterized by an increase in cardiovascular morbidity in relation with insulin resistance. Current treatments seem to improve this risk with a decrease in cardiovascular mortality in comparison with patients with plaque psoriasis but this requires confirmation in larger prospective studies.
Source: Joint Bone Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Source: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionBlood glucose level, higher body mass index, inappropriate antibiotics use, neuropathy and advanced grade of diabetic foot ulcer were independent predictors of amputation. Thus, special emphasis for patients having neuropathy and advanced grade of diabetic foot ulcer as well as weight reduction, managing hyperglycaemia, and appropriate antibiotics prescription practice would decrease untoward effects of diabetic foot ulcer.
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsLepRb sequences between residues 921 and 960 mediate the STAT3 and LepRb phosphorylation-independent second signal that contributes to the control of energy balance and metabolism by leptin/LepRb. In addition to confirming the inhibitory role of the region (residues 961–1013) containing Tyr985, we also identified the region containing residues 1013–1053 (which contains no Tyr residues) as a second potential mediator of LepRb inhibition. Thus, the intracellular domain of LepRb mediates multiple Tyr-independent signals.
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Sucker C Abstract Venous thromboembolisms and pulmonary embolisms are one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in pregnancy. The increased risk of thrombotic events caused by the physiological changes during pregnancy alone does not justify any medical antithrombotic prophylaxis. However, if there are also other risk factors such as a history of thromboses, hormonal stimulation as part of fertility treatment, thrombophilia, increased age of the pregnant woman, severe obesity or predisposing concomitant illnesses, the risk of thrombosis should be re-evaluated - if possible by a coagulation speciali...
Source: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde - Category: OBGYN Tags: Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd Source Type: research
Conclusion: The majority of the programmes were neither evidence-based, nor did they follow recommendations from Danish National Board of Health. Few programmes addressed the role of habits or social participation. Occupational therapists appear to be under-utilized as providers of the programmes.Significance: Occupational therapists have a role to play in weight loss programmes, because of their training in activity analysis and their consideration of people, environments, and occupations. These components are included in the recommendations about psychosocial aspects and everyday life from the Danish National Board of He...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study provides important evidence for planners, urban designers, and policy makers on the significance of built environment, in general, and street network configuration, in particular, within home- and school-environments. One rule of thumb would be to design a well-connected street network with relatively denser connections and reduced direction changes within the neighbourhood – not only within a couple of blocks of homes and schools but also within their larger fabric (800–1600 mt buffers).
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
We investigated whether family income gradients in obesity, overweight, and adiposity persist at geographic-level deprivation quintiles using a nationally representative cohort of UK adolescents. Data from 11,714 eligible adolescents from the sixth sweep o...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
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