Expert warns diets are contributing to Britain's obesity epidemic  

EXCLUSIVE: Dr Aria Campbell-Danesh, a behavioural psychologist based in Newcastle, said up to two thirds of dieters regain more weight than they lose on a diet.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo what extent do different methods of physical activity measurement and statistical analysis influence the reported associations between physical activity and weight gain?Recent FindingsThe obesity epidemic has led to a focus on lifestyle approaches to the prevention of weight gain. Physical activity is one such approach. A number of studies have reported beneficial associations between higher levels of physical activity and weight gain at the population level. However, limitations of physical activity measurement and analytical models in some of these studies are likely to have resulted in overes...
Source: Current Obesity Reports - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 March 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Y. Tony Yang, Sara E. Benjamin-NeelonAbstractIn July 2018, Baltimore became the largest US city to prohibit restaurants from including sugar-sweetened beverages on kids' menus. In September 2018, California made history by becoming the first US state to require either water or milk as the default beverage with children's meals at all restaurants. Supporters of children's meals laws view them as helping to change the culture of health on beverage preferences and subtly influencing the choices of patrons. Using subtle methods of influencing...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe questionnaires constructed and validated to analyze multiple constitutive elements of an obesogenic environment at the same time are complex and must be administered by qualified and trained staff. On the other hand, when two or more questionnaires are used to analyze different factors, the questionnaires used are generally shorter, self-administered, and generally easier to understand and interpret.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
This study was conducted in West Asia, using a questionnaire as the instrument for the survey.ResultsThe data were analyzed using regression and the Simple Lifestyle Index (SLSI). The higher the index, the healthier the person's lifestyle is. The professional ’s working hours in the office were observed. The results indicated that the more working hours in a day, the greater the chances of becoming obese or overweight.DiscussionIt is found that of the five risk factors, only two, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity, were found to have significant relationships (p 
Source: Journal of Public Health - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
It’s no surprise to most of us that loneliness has become an epidemic. In fact, those with mental health issues experience loneliness at an alarming rate. The one group most affected, however, appears to be the elderly, with millions of older adults across the Unites States feeling lonely. Major health risks such as heart disease and dementia often come along with this loneliness. In October 2018, the University of Michigan National Poll on Healthy Aging asked a national sample of adults age 50-80 about their health, health behaviors, and experiences and feelings related to companionship and social isolation. The res...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Aging Family Friends Happiness Health-related Research Source Type: blogs
Authors: Gutt S, Schraier S, González Bagnes MF, Yu M, González CD, Di Girolamo G Abstract INTRODUCTION: The obesity epidemic continues to grow. Bariatric surgery is part of the arsenal to treat the disease. Surgery results in an effective option for patients with severe obesity but also when obesity is associated with significant comorbidities. Weight regain is frequent after bariatric surgery. Consequently, the addition of anti-obesity drugs to prevent and manage weight regain are commonly recommended even when the quality of the evidence supporting this recommendation is relatively weak. Areas cove...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
Obesity, which is currently surging to epidemic levels within the United States, has been linked to hyperostotic conditions like DISH and OPLL. Excess adipose tissue and insulin-resistance may cause a systemic increase in serum levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and these signals can affect bone metabolism. Spinal ligaments and discs may have receptors for these signaling molecules. Anecdotal observations at this institution suggested that there is a clinically important subset of younger patients with obesity and multilevel stenosis in the presence of unusual calcification of the spinal ligaments that is distinct from DISH.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Clinical Study Source Type: research
Conclusions Interventions designed to reduce sitting typically encourage 30 to 120 min·d−1 more standing in situ (rather than perambulation), so the 12% difference from sitting to standing reported here does not represent an effective strategy for the treatment of obesity (i.e., weight loss) but could potentially attenuate any continued escalation of the ongoing obesity epidemic at a population level.
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: APPLIED SCIENCES Source Type: research
The headlines are once again filled with advice to reduce egg and cholesterol consumption based on a study that found an association of egg and cholesterol consumption with increased risk for cardiovascular events. Sounds scary and persuasive, doesn’t it? After all, nearly 30,000 people were tracked over 17 years and the authors authoritatively declare that this proves that eggs and cholesterol are risk factors for heart disease. There are several problems with this assessment. It is emblematic of the studies that confuse people, yield wildly conflicting conclusions, are used to craft absurd and ineffective dietary g...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: News & Updates cholesterol eggs grain-free saturated fat undoctored wheat belly Source Type: blogs
Obesity and overweight have become a global epidemic and are associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Immunosuppressive medications carry the risk of weight gain and further challenge heart transplantation (HT) patients. Since both fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM), each with its discrete features, contribute to total body weight (TBW), we aimed to characterize the post-HT change in TBW and its implications for HT outcomes.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: 522 Source Type: research
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