Development and Validation of a Scoring System That Includes Corrected QT Interval For Risk Analysis of Patients With Cirrhosis and Gastrointestinal Bleeding
The electrocardiographic QT interval is frequently prolonged in patients with cirrhosis. Acute gastrointestinal bleeding further prolongs corrected QT (QTc) in patients with cirrhosis, which has been associated with increased risk of death within 6 weeks. We aimed to confirm these findings and develop a mortality risk index that incorporates QTc.
Objectives: We aimed to describe changes over time in admissions and outcomes, including length of stay, discharge destinations, and mortality of cirrhotic patients admitted to the ICU for variceal bleeding, and to compare it to the outcomes of those with other causes of ICU admissions. Design: Retrospective analysis of data captured prospectively in the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Centre for Outcome and Resource Evaluation Adult Patient Database. Settings: One hundred eighty-three ICUs in Australia and New Zealand. Patients: Consecutive admissions to these ICUs for upper gastrointestinal b...
This article describes the most common pathological coagulation disorders and provides information to identify them preoperatively. Furthermore, surgical strategy considerations for the use of certain implant types in this patient group are discussed. PMID: 31505698 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
AbstractIntroductionAcute gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) is a major cause of death in liver cirrhosis. This multicenter study aims to develop and validate a novel and easy-to-access model for predicting the prognosis of patients with cirrhosis and acute GIB.MethodsPatients with cirrhosis and acute GIB were enrolled and randomly divided into the training (n = 865) and validation (n = 817) cohorts. In the training cohort, the independent predictors for in-hospital death were identified by logistic regression analyses, and then a new prognostic model (i.e., CAGIB score) was established. Area under...
ConclusionThe incidence of post-TACE variceal bleeding was 1.5%. Patients with post-TACE variceal bleeding have poorer TACE treatment response. The pre-treatment ascites and FIB-4 score are the independent predictors for post-TACE variceal bleeding.
Conclusion: PC/SD cut-off could be used to screen cirrhotics for OV and treatment initiated in geographical areas lacking endoscopy facilities. Funding: None declared. PMID: 31481810 [PubMed - in process]
Introduction: Cirrhotic patients are at a higher risk for sustaining orthopedic fractures with a reported prevalence of 5% to 20%. Cirrhosis also affects wound healing and bleeding risk, and hence, impacts the postoperative outcomes after fracture repair. However, there is limited data available on the postoperative risk factors and clinical outcomes of fractures in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). Methods: Data from the National Inpatient Sample for the years 2012 to 2015 were analyzed. Patients were identified using ICD-9 codes for any fracture. ICD-9 codes for CLD were used to categorize patients into CLD...
CONCLUSION: The incidence of post-TACE variceal bleeding was 1.5%. Patients with post-TACE variceal bleeding have poorer TACE treatment response. The pre-treatment ascites and FIB-4 score are the independent predictors for post-TACE variceal bleeding. PMID: 31495543 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsBased on current publications, the use of NOACs is at least non-inferior to warfarin in patients with AF and liver disease.
Conditions: Gastric Varix; Cirrhosis; GastroIntestinal Bleeding Interventions: Procedure: Coils + Cyanoacrylate Group + beta-blocker; Drug: beta blocker therapy Sponsor: Instituto Ecuatoriano de Enfermedades Digestivas Recruiting
Conditions: Bleeding; Procedural Complication; Cirrhosis, Liver; Coagulation Disorder, Blood Intervention: Sponsor: University of Virginia Not yet recruiting