Associative stigma experienced by mental health professionals in China and the United States

AbstractPurpose“Associative stigma” is the negative stereotyping of mental health service providers who treat people with serious mental illness. The Clinician Associative Stigma Scale (CASS) has been validated in a US sample but not in other nations, e.g., in China which has been found to have substantially h igher levels of stigma towards people with mental illness than the US.MethodsThe 19-item CASS was translated into Chinese and administrated to 665 mental health professionals working in psychiatric hospitals in Southern China. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to compare the factor structure with that found in the US sample. Socio-demographic correlates of CASS scores and comparison with US data were conducted using regression models andt test.ResultsCFA showed a good model fit (GFI  = 0.911 and RMSEA = 0.068) for the four factors found in the US study: (1) discomfort with disclosing about working with serious mental illness, (2) stereotypes about professionals’ own poor mental health, (3) stereotypes about unpleasantness of working with people with serious mental ill ness, and (4) stereotypes about lack of treatment effectiveness. Total CASS score and subscales concerning stereotypes about providers’ mental health and about unpleasantness of working with such patients were significantly lower in China than in the US (bothP 
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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