Evaluation of Conduction Disorders After Aortic Valve Replacement With Rapid Deployment Bioprostheses
Objective The aim of this retrospective, single-center study was to evaluate the occurrence of conduction disorders after rapid deployment aortic bioprosthesis implantation. Methods Electrocardiograms of patients undergoing INTUITY (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA USA) bioprosthesis implantation were collected at admission, during postoperative course, and at discharge. Primary end point was the occurrence of new-onset conduction disorders, defined as complete left bundle branch block, complete right bundle branch block, permanent pacemaker implantation, and worsening of pre-existing rhythm abnormalities. Secondary end points were the assessment of preoperative and postoperative QRS duration and the identification of transitory conduction disorders. Results Forty-four patients (July 2015–December 2016) were included in the analysis. Preoperatively, patients with normal conduction and with already existing disorders were 25 (56.8%) and 19 (43.2%), respectively. Primary end point occurred in 14 patients (31.8%). Two patients (4.5%) received pacemaker implantation. In patients with normal preoperative conduction, new abnormalities were found in eight cases (32%): all left bundle branch blocks with one pacemaker implantation. Worsening of pre-existing conduction disorders was found in six patients (31.6%) with one pacemaker implantation. QRS duration increased in 20 patients (45.4%), and average increase was 37 milliseconds. Overall, we observed a significant incre...
The ACURATE neo transcatheter heart valve has been associated with very low rates of new conduction disorders (CDs). We assessed the clinical relevance of new CDs in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with this valve. Data of consecutive patients without a pre-existing left bundle branch block (LBBB) or a permanent pacemaker (PPM) undergoing TAVR with the ACURATE neo were analyzed from the prospective SwissTAVI registry. Patients with new CDs were compared to patients with an unchanged electrocardiogram (ECG).
AbstractIntroductionTranscatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been established as an alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) for high-risk patients. To assess the impact of TAVI on cardiac repolarization, we compared QT dispersion (QTD) and the interval from the peak to the end of the T wave (Tpeak –Tend: TpTe) between the patients who underwent TAVI and those who underwent SAVR and TpTe between the patients who underwent TAVI or SAVR.MethodsThis retrospective study was approved by the ethics committee of Dokkyo Medical University Hospital. The study included 45 patients who underwent TAVI an...
CONCLUSION: Cardiac involvement is frequent in MPS. Mitral valve deformation is the most frequent finding. An echocardiographic examination should be performed periodically even if the patient has no clinical signs of cardiac disease, and any cardiac involvement should be kept under control with medical treatment. PMID: 31582674 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: A higher MFR score is associated with reduced LV reverse remodeling at one-year follow-up, whereas the MFR score does not appear to interfere with long-term mortality after TAVR. PMID: 31532394 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 11 September 2019Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Nikolaos G. Baikoussis, Alexandros Karantzas, Konstantinos Triantafillou
PMID: 31520642 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
AbstractTrans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been recognized as a useful treatment for patients with severe aortic valve stenosis, particularly those with moderate to high risks of open heart surgery. A thorough evaluation of the aortic valve complex, including the size or presence of calcifications of the leaflets and annulus, is important for the selection of appropriate candidates, artificial valve types and approach. Echocardiography is useful for the precise evaluation of aortic valve stenosis severity and aortic valve complex morphology, but it is not useful to evaluate three-dimensional aortic valve a...
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Conclusions: In our experience, the modified technique significantly decreases the incidence of postoperative atrioventricular block that requires a permanent pacemaker in the aortic valve replacement with PERCEVAL S. The prior electrocardiographic presence of right bundle branch block, trifascicular block and the height of the patient are associated with an increased risk of blocking. PMID: 31463124 [PubMed]
ConclusionsMitral valve replacement in mitral regurgitation results in decline in left ventricular function immediately after surgery. In patients with chronic mitral regurgitation, left ventricular ejection fraction is fallacious and global longitudinal strain can be an important tool to assess left ventricular ejection fraction.