Salvage Coronary Artery Bypass Predicts Increased Mortality During Aortic Root Operation

Publication date: December 2018Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 106, Issue 6Author(s): W. Brent Keeling, John Hunting, Bradley G. Leshnower, Chad Stouffer, Jose Binongo, Edward P. ChenBackgroundAortic root replacement (ROOT) has been an established therapy, yet the impact of adding coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) to ROOT (CABG-R) is unknown. The purpose of this research was to investigate the impact of CABG on the outcomes of ROOT.MethodsA retrospective review from 2004 to 2016 of patients undergoing nonemergent ROOT surgical procedure was performed. Cohorts were established based on the presence or absence of added CABG. A propensity-score weighted comparison of outcomes was then conducted.ResultsA total of 867 patients met inclusion criteria and were analyzed (711 ROOT [72.0%], 156 CABG-R [18.0%]). CABG-R patients were older and had higher proportions of previous valve operation, hypertension, endocarditis, immunosuppressive therapy, renal insufficiency, and redo operation (all p
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

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Int J Angiol DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-3402744Infective endocarditis retains high morbidity and mortality rates despite recent advances in diagnostics, pharmacotherapy, and surgical intervention. Risk stratification in endocarditis patients, including blood-culture negative endocarditis, is crucial in deciding the optimal management strategy; however, the studies investigating risk stratification in these patients were lacking despite the difference with blood-culture positive endocarditis. The aim of this study is to identify risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality in blood-culture negative infective endocarditis pat...
Source: International Journal of Angiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
We present a contemporary analysis of risk of fatal stroke among more than 7.5 million cancer patients and report that stroke risk varies as a function of disease site, age, gender, marital status, and time after diagnosis. The risk of stroke among cancer patients is two times that of the general population and rises with longer follow-up time. The relative risk of fatal stroke, versus the general population, is highest in those with cancers of the brain and gastrointestinal tract. The plurality of strokes occurs in patients older than 40 years of age with cancers of the prostate, breast, and colorectum. Patients of any ag...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs
Authors: Wang TKM, Liao YB, Choi D, Harmos S, Haydcok D, Gerber I Abstract AIMS: A significant minority of patients undergoing mitral valve surgery (MVR) have indication for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The risks of combination surgeries are not well appreciated and maybe more than additive. We compared the characteristics and outcomes of MVR+/-CABG performed at our centre. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing isolated MVR or with concurrent (MVR+)CABG at Auckland City Hospital during 2005-2012 were compared for baseline and operative characteristics and outcomes in univariable and multivariable ...
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Mavrogeni S, Koutsogeorgopoulou L, Dimitroulas T, Markousis-Mavrogenis G, Boki K, Katsifis G, Vartela V, Kallenberg CG, Kolovou G, Kitas G Abstract Cardiovascular disease (CVD) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and neuropsychiatric SLE (NPSLE) have an estimated prevalence of 50% and 40% respectively and both constitute major causes death among SLE patients. In this review, we propose a combined brain/heart magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for SLE risk stratification. The pathophysiologic background of NPSLE includes microangiopathy, macroscopic infarcts and accelerated atherosclerosis. Classic brain MR...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the body mass index (BMI) of fatal stroke cases amongst young adults, their clinical characteristics and the association with BMI with risk factors. All cases aged 15-44 years where death was attributed to stroke for whom BMI was available were retrieved from the National Coronial Information System (1/1/2009-31/12/2016). 179 cases were identified: haemorrhagic (165), ischaemic (5), thrombotic (6), mycotic (3), embolic (0). Proportions in each BMI category were: underweight (5.6%), normal weight (37.4%), overweight (27.4%), obese (29.6%). There was a significant linear trend in the proportion ...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Authors: Mustafa ER, Tudoraşcu DR, Giucă A, Toader DM, Foarfă MC, Puiu I, Istrate-Ofiţeru AM Abstract A 46-year-old female diagnosed several years ago with arterial hypertension and an ischemic stroke with significant recovery was admitted for dyspnea on usual physical activity and fatigue. Physical examination revealed signs of heart failure with crackles on both lung bases, distented jugular veins, accentuated pulmonic valve closure (P2) and tricuspid regurgitation murmur. Echocardiography identified a large tumor in the left atrium, suggestive of atrial myxoma, which caused a severe functional mitral stenosi...
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research
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Source: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy - Category: Cardiology Tags: Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther Source Type: research
ConclusionsConservative approach to treat MAC achieves satisfactory results. Patients with MAC have significant comorbidities contributing to a worse survival though MAC in itself is not a risk factor for mortality.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
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