Medical News Today: How does a doctor diagnose atrial fibrillation?

Atrial fibrillation creates an irregular heart rhythm called arrhythmia. A doctor can use physical examination and machine testing to diagnose and treat this common heart disorder. Read on to learn more.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Heart Disease Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: AF dysregulates the expression of lncRNAs in the RA of RHD patients. These findings may be useful for exploring potential therapeutic treatments for AF in RHD patients. PMID: 30402860 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: September–October 2018Source: Indian Heart Journal, Volume 70, Issue 5Author(s): J.B. Sharma, Vikas Yadav, S. Mishra, A. Kriplani, Neerja Bhatla, Garima Kachhawa, Rajesh Kumari, Varnit ToshayanAbstractIntroductionMitral stenosis due to rheumatic heart disease is a common problem in India causing significant morbidity and mortality. We have compared the maternal and fetal outcome of women with severe mitral stenosis undergoing percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy before or during pregnancy.MethodsA total of 24 women of severe rheumatic mitral stenosis who underwent balloon mitral valvotomy before pr...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most widespread arrhythmias in the world. The main cause of AF is structural heart disease and hypertension, which lead to the structural remodeling of atrial tissue. However, the symptom burden of AF does not correlate with degree of atrial remodeling. The initiation of AF starts from a source in the pulmonary veins (Haissaguerre et al 1998). The ablation of this source can suppress recurrent AF (Kirchhof et al 2016). This region of the pulmonary veins is the point of tight attachment of the connective tissue of the pericardium.
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Source Type: research
By this point, I think that most people have seen the big announcement coming out of the Apple event that the Apple Watch 4 now has ECG and other heart monitoring capabilities built in. The watch will notify you if your heart rate is too low and instances of atrial fibrillation that it detects. Plus, all of this is done as an FDA cleared device (some are reporting that Apple got their FDA clearance in 30 days which is crazy fast for a medical device). The response to this announcement has been quite interesting. Most aren’t surprised that Apple has been moving more and more into healthcare. Plus, there have been a lo...
Source: EMR and HIPAA - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Apple Digital Health Health Sensors Healthcare HealthCare IT Medical Devices mHealth Mobile Apps Mobile Health Care Wearables Apple Healthcare Apple Watch Consumer ECG Source Type: blogs
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Mitral stenosis due to rheumatic heart disease is a common problem in India causing significant morbidity and mortality. We have compared the maternal and fetal outcome of women with severe mitral stenosis undergoing percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy before or during pregnancy. METHODS: A total of 24 women of severe rheumatic mitral stenosis who underwent balloon mitral valvotomy before pregnancy (14 women, group 1) or during pregnancy (10 women, group 2) were included in the retrospective descriptive analysis. RESULTS: The mean age was 25.5±3.6 yrs in group 1 and 25.7&p...
Source: Indian Heart J - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Indian Heart J Source Type: research
This report will provide a contemporary review of the epidemiology, pathophysiology and management options for AF in this complex patient population.
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 August 2018Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Mikael Laredo, Victor Waldmann, Paul Khairy, Stanley NattelAbstractThe incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common sustained arrhythmia and a major public health burden, increases exponentially with age. However, mechanisms underlying this long-recognized association remain incompletely understood. Experimental and human studies have demonstrated the involvement of aging in several arrhythmogenic processes, including atrial electrical and structural remodeling, disturbed calcium homeostasis, and enhanced atrial ectop...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsPV ablation guided by AI resulted feasible, achieving a high rate of isolated PVs, with a low complication rate, and allowed a high single-procedure arrhythmia-free survival at 14  months.
Source: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewsIn this review, the challenges of managing cardiac arrhythmias and syncope in the setting of pregnancy will be discussed.Recent findingsArrhythmias in pregnancy are increasing, as diagnostic and therapeutic options have advanced and women are older at the time of gestation. Atrial fibrillation has become the most common arrhythmia in pregnancy. Inherited arrhythmia has become a more common entity, with advances in treatments and genetic testing, and require specialized treatments in pregnancy.SummaryThe majority of arrhythmias in pregnancy are benign. The potential risk of increased cardiac morbid...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractData on cardiovascular disease, including arrhythmias, in Africa is limited. However, the burden of cardiovascular disease appears to be on the rise. Recent global data suggests an increase in atrial fibrillation rates despite declining rates of rheumatic heart disease. Atrial fibrillation is also associated with increased mortality in Africa. Current management with medical therapy is sub-optimal and ablation procedures, inaccessible. Atrial fibrillation is also an independent risk factor for death in patients with rheumatic heart disease. Sudden cardiac deaths from ventricular arrhythmias are under-recognized and...
Source: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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