Medical News Today: What is atrial fibrillation?

Atrial fibrillation is a heart disease that leads to twitching and malfunction in the walls of the heart and irregular heart rhythm. This can cause a range of complications and can be fatal without treatment. Read on to learn about the symptoms and possible complications, as well as how to treat the condition.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Heart Disease Source Type: news

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ConclusionThe prevalence of CVD in patients with type 2 diabetes in clinical practice in Sweden was 28.3% during the study period, and it was 11.5% in the patients starting empagliflozin treatment. Patients of the latter cohort were, however, younger, more obese, and more likely to have unsatisfactory glycemic control, requiring additional treatment. Overall, a large proportion of type 2 diabetes patients should be considered at high cardiovascular risk.FundingBoehringer Ingelheim AB, Sweden.
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Stroke is a common complication in PVE that increases patient mortality. Rheumatic heart disease, double valve replacement, and fungal infection may be risk factors for patients with PVE complicated by stroke. PMID: 31076822 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
ConclusionSSH is a rare situation of acenocoumarol bleeding incident, it should be evoked in any patient treated by this molecule with signs of spinal cord compression.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2019Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): J. Neefs, S.M. Boekholdt, K.-T. Khaw, R. Luben, R. Pfister, N.J. Wareham, E.R. Meulendijks, P. Sanders, J.R. de GrootAbstractBackground and aimObesity is a recognized risk factor for new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF). The association between body fat distribution, which is measured by body mass index (BMI) and waist–hip ratio (WHR), its changes, and new-onset AF is conflicting.Methods and resultsParticipants of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition in Norfolk cohort study wer...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 May 2019Source: Clinica Chimica ActaAuthor(s): Fan Bai, Tao Tu, Fen Qin, Yingxu Ma, Na Liu, Yaozhong Liu, Xiaobo Liao, Shenghua Zhou, Qiming LiuAbstractBackgroundPrevious studies have suggested that proteomic modifications are closely associated with cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to identify potential mechanisms by profiling the changes in succinylated protein expression in left appendage tissues from patients with valvular heart disease and atrial fibrillation (AF).MethodsUsing dimethyl labeling for relative and absolute quantification-coupled high-performance liqu...
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe efficacy and safety of NOACs as thromboprophylaxis for AF and VHD are similar to those of warfarin.
Source: Drugs in R&D - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe long-term outcome of RFCA for AF in RHD patients with mild MS was mediocre and worse than that for AF patients without RHD. The severity of MR was associated with RFCA outcome in both groups. In RHD patients with mild MS, a better prognosis of paroxysmal AF than non-paroxysmal AF was observed initially but turned similar over time.
Source: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractAimsThe aims of this study were to describe patient characteristics of the adult chronic heart failure (HF) population and to estimate the prevalence, incidence, healthcare resource utilization (HCRU), and mortality associated with HF in Southwest Finland.Methods and resultsThis was a retrospective biobank and clinical registry study. Adult patients with an HF diagnosis (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) code I50) during 2004 –2013 in secondary care were included in the study and compared with age‐matched and gender‐matched control patients without an I...
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that proteomic modifications are closely associated with cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to identify potential mechanisms by profiling the changes in succinylated protein expression in left appendage tissues from patients with valvular heart disease and atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Using dimethyl labeling for relative and absolute quantification-coupled high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, we analyzed the proteomics profiles and succinylation events in 18 left atrial appendage tissue samples from patients...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Clin Chim Acta Source Type: research
AbstractThe low-voltage areas of left atrium (LA-LVA) have recently been of significant focus. However, very few studies have focused on the association between LA function and LA-LVA, and the mechanism of appearance of LA-LVA remains unclear. We investigated the marker for the existence of LA-LVA using automated 3-D mapping system. We studied 92 patients (75 males, 68  ± 9 years, 47 non-paroxysmal AF) who received CA for AF and 40 control patients without AF. Echocardiography was performed before the CA, and high-density voltage mapping during sinus rhythm after pulmonary isolation was performed ...
Source: Heart and Vessels - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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