Prevalence, socio-demographic characteristics, and comorbid health conditions in pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease: results from the Manitoba chronic kidney disease cohort

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is common and its prevalence has increased steadily over several decades. Monitoring of rates and severity of CKD across populations is critical for policy development and resource...
Source: BMC Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research

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In conclusion, in consensus with a recent systematic review, a single bout of the 60 J/arm was the best dose/response for increased strength of the small muscles (handgrip strength). In view of the increasing i mplementation of exercise programs during hemodialysis, the current study opens a new field for PBMT for CKD patients.
Source: Lasers in Medical Science - Category: Laser Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionAlthough the progress of medical treatment is changing rapidly, surgical treatment is still an effective way to control serum iPTH and calcium chronically for SHPT patients. Complex SHPT patients can also receive satisfied effect by surgical treatment, without apparently increasing the risk of complications.
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Iron parameters have not been well characterized in pre-dialysis patients with chronic kidney disease, and it remains unclear if abnormal iron balance is associated with increased mortality. Therefore, we performed a historical cohort study using data from the Veterans Affairs Corporate Data Warehouse to evaluate the relationship between iron status and mortality. We identified a pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease cohort with at least one set of iron indices between 2006-2015. The cohort was divided into four iron groups based on the joint quartiles of serum transferrin saturation (percent) and ferritin concentration (ng/...
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clinical Investigation Source Type: research
AbstractSecondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism is an important problem of chronic kidney disease. Brown tumor is a benign, unusual, reactive lesion as a result of disturbed bone remodeling, from long-standing increase in parathyroid hormone level. Brown tumors may cause morbidity due to pressure symptoms on neural structures and spontaneous bone fractures. Herein, we presented a peritoneal dialysis patient with tertiary hyperparathyroidism under calcand calcitriol treatment for 4  years due to refusing of the parathyroidectomy operation. She admitted to hospital for sudden onset back pain with difficulty in gait a...
Source: CEN Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
[The new adipokine zinc-α2-glycoprotein (ZAG) as a link between adipose tissue and kidney? [Czy nowa adipocytokina cynkowa α2-glikoproteina (ZAG) stanowi ogniwo między tkanką tłuszczową a nerkami?]]. Endokrynol Pol. 2019;70(2):171-189 Authors: Woźny ŁA, Morawiecka-Pietrzak M, Jaszczura M, Ziora K, Grzeszczak W Abstract Adipose tissue is currently considered not only as an energy store but also as an organ of internal secretion. Numerous adipocytokines regulating a number of human body processes are important in many disease processes, including chronic kidney disease (CKD). Nowadays,...
Source: Endokrynologia Polska - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Endokrynol Pol Source Type: research
Recent European guidelines suggest using the kidney failure risk equation (KFRE) and mortality risk equation for kidney disease (MREK) to guide decisions on whether elderly patients with chronic kidney disease should be referred early for dialysis preparation. However, the concurrent use of the two risk equations has not been validated. To do so we evaluated 1,188 individuals over five years with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) under 45ml/min/1.73m2 and age over 65 years from the Norwegian population based HUNT study.
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clinical Investigation Source Type: research
N Viswanath, KT Harichandra Kumar, Satish Haridasan, Sreejith Parameswaran, PS PriyamvadaIndian Journal of Nephrology 2019 29(3):172-178 There is only limited information on the functional status (FS) of patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) from developing countries where the etiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and demographic profile are different. The study aims to assess the FS in patients with CKD using three validated generic instruments. A total of 116 adult patients on HD with a dialysis vintage >3 months were enrolled. FS was assessed using three generic tools – Functional Independence Measure (FIM)...
Source: Indian Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: Oral sodium bicarbonate supplementation showed no effect on T50-time in acidotic CKD patients.Kidney Blood Press Res
Source: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Authors: Mukhtar NA, Ness EM, Jhaveri M, Fix OK, Hart M, Dale C, Pratt C, Kowdley KV Abstract INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Real-world epidemiologic data to guide hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related public health initiatives are lacking. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and epidemiological characteristics of a large cohort of patients with an HCV diagnosis evaluated in one of the largest health systems in the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: De-identified demographic and clinical data were extracted from the electronic health record for patients actively followed within the Providence Health &S...
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
Causland FR Abstract PURPOSE: Diabetes mellitus is a risk factor for the development and progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the association of prediabetes with adverse kidney outcomes is uncertain. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT), including 9,361 participants without diabetes at baseline. We categorized participants according to fasting glucose as having impaired fasting glucose (≥100 mg/dL [(≥5.6 mmol/L]) or normoglycemia (
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
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