Prevalence, socio-demographic characteristics, and comorbid health conditions in pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease: results from the Manitoba chronic kidney disease cohort

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is common and its prevalence has increased steadily over several decades. Monitoring of rates and severity of CKD across populations is critical for policy development and resource...
Source: BMC Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research

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Authors: González Sanchidrián S, Labrador Gómez PJ, Aguilar Aguilar JC, Davin Carrero E, Gallego Domínguez S, Gómez-Martino Arroyo JR PMID: 30545713 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nefrologia : publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Nefrologia Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2018Source: The Lancet HIVAuthor(s): Joseph J Eron, Jean-Daniel Lelievre, Robert Kalayjian, Jihad Slim, Anson K Wurapa, Jeffrey L Stephens, Cheryl McDonald, Eric Cua, Aimee Wilkin, Brigitte Schmied, Mehri McKellar, Stephanie Cox, Sophia R Majeed, Shuping Jiang, Andrew Cheng, Moupali Das, Devi SenGuptaSummaryBackgroundCurrent treatment for HIV-infected individuals with renal failure on haemodialysis frequently requires complex regimens with multiple pills. A daily single-tablet regimen of coformulated elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide is approve...
Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusions: Walking speed can be used to accurately screen for frailty in CKD populations. If it is not practical to perform a physical assessment to screen for frailty, the Clinical Frailty Scale is a useful alternative.Nephron
Source: Nephron - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
uml;m J Abstract BACKGROUND Improved understanding of the impact of kidney transplantation on healthcare resource use/costs and loss of productivity could aid decision making about funding allocation and resources needed for the treatment of chronic kidney disease in stage 5. MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a retrospective study utilizing data from Swedish national health registers of patients undergoing kidney transplantation. Primary outcomes were renal disease-related healthcare resource utilization and costs during the 5 years after transplantation. Secondary outcomes included total costs and loss of productivit...
Source: Annals of Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Transplant Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to evaluate risk factors and the impact this complication on mortality and survival after cardiac surgery among patients without chronic kidney disease. Methods: In this retrospective study, we reviewed the medical records of 142 patients who underwent elective coronary artery bypass grafting, valve replacement (single or multiple), or both (simultaneously) at a tertiary care hospital. Results: Among the 142 patients evaluated, the mean age was 58.28 ±13.87 years and 80 (56.33%) were female. The postoperative incidence of acute renal injury was 43.66%. Univariate analysis between the ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Smoking confers a higher cardiovascular risk to CKD patients under conservative treatment as it is associated with higher levels of P. Further studies are needed to confirm and better elucidate this finding. PMID: 30534856 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2018Source: American Journal of Kidney DiseasesAuthor(s): Christopher T. Chan, Eric Wallace, Thomas A. Golper, Mitchell H. Rosner, Rebecca Kurnik Seshasai, Joel D. Glickman, Martin Schreiber, Patrick Gee, Michael V. RoccoHome dialysis therapy, including home hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, is underused as a modality for the treatment of chronic kidney failure. The National Kidney Foundation–Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative sponsored a home dialysis conference in late 2017 that was designed to identify the barriers to starting and maintaining patients on h...
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractChronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is common among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and those on hemodialysis due to nosocomial infections and past blood transfusions. While a majority of HCV-infected patients with end-stage renal disease are asymptomatic, some may ultimately experience decompensated liver diseases and hepatocellular carcinoma. Administration of a combination of elbasvir/grazoprevir for 12  weeks leads to high sustained virologic response (SVR) rates in patients with HCV genotypes (GTs) 1a, 1b or 4 and stage 4 or 5 CKD. Furthermore, a combination of glecaprevir/pibrentasvir fo...
Source: Hepatology International - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In conclusion, chronic kidney dysfunction causes degradation of sulfatides in the liver to decrease serum sulfatide levels. One explanation of these results is that indoxyl sulfate, a uremic toxin, accelerates the degradation of sulfatides in liver tissue.
Source: Glycoconjugate Journal - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2018Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, Volume 25, Issue 6Author(s): Douglas S. Johnson, Klemens B. MeyerThe leaders of 20th century kidney failure treatment took chances; 21st century leaders of integrated kidney care must do the same. Some risks are clinical, some are organizational, and some are financial. Decent and constructive leadership entails humility. A working practitioner is a better leader. Effective leaders empower their employees and collaborators to lead and encourage them to work together. Integrated kidney care leadership supports exchange of ideas within and among organ...
Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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