Prevalence of normoalbuminuric renal insufficiency and associated clinical factors in adult onset diabetes
Microalbuminuria signifies the onset of diabetic nephropathy, but normoalbuminuric patients with diabetes who have a low Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) are not uncommon. The purpose of the study was to estim... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - August 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Polwatta Liyanage Gayani Chandima Liyanage, Sarath Lekamwasam, Thilak Priyantha Weerarathna and Dodanduwa Waduge Shyamal Yashodara Srikantha Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Safety and efficacy of Rapamune ® (Sirolimus) in kidney transplant recipients: results of a prospective post-marketing surveillance study in Korea
This study aimed to better understand safety and efficacy of Rapamune for kidney trans... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - August 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hee Jung Jeon, Hahn-Ey Lee and Jaeseok Yang Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Effect of haemodiafiltration vs conventional haemodialysis on growth and cardiovascular outcomes in children – the HDF, heart and height (3H) study
Cardiovascular disease is prevalent in children on dialysis and accounts for almost 30% of all deaths. Randomised trials in adults suggest that haemodiafiltration (HDF) with high convection volumes is associat... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - August 10, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Rukshana Shroff, Aysun Bayazit, Constantinos J. Stefanidis, Varvara Askiti, Karolis Azukaitis, Nur Canpolat, Ayse Agbas, Ali Anarat, Bilal Aoun, Sevcan Bakkaloglu, Devina Bhowruth, Dagmara Borzych-Du żałka, Ipek Kaplan Bulut, Rainer Büscher, Claire Dem Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research

Sociodemographic associations with abnormal estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in a large Canadian city: a cross-sectional observation study
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is often asymptomatic in its early stages but is indicated and is diagnosed with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)   (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - August 9, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Irene Ma, Maggie Guo, Daniel Muruve, Hallgrimur Benediktsson and Christopher Naugler Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Perceptions of hospitalized patients and their surrogate decision makers on dialysis initiation: a pilot study
Dialysis is often initiated in the hospital during episodes of acute kidney injury and critical illness. Little is known about how patients or their surrogate decision makers feel about dialysis initiation in ... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - August 8, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Amar D. Bansal, Nina R. O ’Connor and David J. Casarett Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Association between health literacy and self-care behaviors among patients with chronic kidney disease
We explored the association between health literacy and self-care behaviors among low-income patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - August 6, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Karen K. Wong, Alexandra Velasquez, Neil R. Powe and Delphine S. Tuot Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Low agreement between modified-Schwartz and CKD-EPI eGFR in young adults: a retrospective longitudinal cohort study
While there is a great deal of research updating methods for estimating renal function, many of these methods are being developed in either adults with CKD or younger children. Currently, there is limited unde... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - August 6, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Michael Webster-Clark, Byron Jaeger, Yi Zhong, Guido Filler, Ana Alvarez-Elias, Nora Franceschini and Maria E. D íaz-González de Ferris Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Fit for Dialysis: a qualitative exploration of the impact of a research-based film for the promotion of exercise in hemodialysis
Exercise improves functional outcomes and quality of life of older patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing hemodialysis. Yet exercise is not promoted as part of routine care. Health care providers and... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - August 6, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Pia Kontos, Alisa Grigorovich, Romeo Colobong, Karen-Lee Miller, Gihad E. Nesrallah, Malcolm A. Binns, Shabbir M. H. Alibhai, Trisha Parsons, Sarbjit Vanita Jassal, Alison Thomas and Gary Naglie Tags: Research article Source Type: research

suPAR as a marker of infection in acute kidney injury – a prospective observational study
Soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) has emerged as a new sepsis biomarker. It is not known whether suPAR has a role in critically ill patients with severe acute kidney injury (AKI). (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - August 2, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Anna Hall, Siobhan Crichton, Matt Varrier, Danielle E. Bear and Marlies Ostermann Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Lipoprotein(a) accelerated the progression of atherosclerosis in patients with end-stage renal disease
This study aimed to explore the role of Lpa in the progression of atherosclerosis in patients with end-stage renal di... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - August 2, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kun Ling Ma, Tie Kai Gong, Ze Bo Hu, Yang Zhang, Gui Hua Wang, Liang Liu, Pei Pei Chen, Jian Lu, Chen Chen Lu and Bi Cheng Liu Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Chronic kidney disease with genitourinary tuberculosis: old disease but ongoing complication
Genitourinary tuberculosis (GUTB) is a type of extrapulmonary TB that exerts a deleterious effect on renal function by promoting renal calcification and ureteric stricture. Therefore, we investigated the risk ... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - August 2, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Eun Jin Kim, Woonji Lee, Woo Yong Jeong, Hen Choi, In Young Jung, Jin Young Ahn, Su Jin Jeong, Nam Su Ku, Jun Yong Choi, Young Hwa Choi, Young Goo Song and June Myung Kim Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio at diagnosis can estimate vasculitis activity and poor prognosis in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis: a retrospective study
In this study, we aimed to investigate whether NLR a... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 31, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Sung Soo Ahn, Seung Min Jung, Jason Jungsik Song, Yong-Beom Park and Sang-Won Lee Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Post-hospitalization dialysis facility processes of care and hospital readmissions among hemodialysis patients: a retrospective cohort study
We examined the association of post-hospitalization processes of care at hemodialysis f... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 31, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Laura C. Plantinga, Tahsin Masud, Janice P. Lea, John M. Burkart, Christopher M. O ’Donnell and Bernard G. Jaar Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Off-clamp partial nephrectomy has a positive impact on short- and long-term renal function: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Ongoing efforts are focused on shortening ischemia intervals as much as possible during partial nephrectomy to preserve renal function. Off-clamp partial nephrectomy (off-PN) has been a common strategy for to ... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 31, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Wen Deng, Xiaoqiang Liu, Jieping Hu, Luyao Chen and Bin Fu Tags: Research article Source Type: research

The association between time-mean serum uric acid levels and the incidence of chronic kidney disease in the general population: a retrospective study
Investigations on the role of the time-mean serum uric acid (SUA) value in determining the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are limited. We investigated whether the time-mean SUA value indicates the risk o... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 31, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Meiyu Ye, Kang Hu, Juan Jin, Diandian Wu, Peiying Hu and Qiang He Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Molecular profile of urine extracellular vesicles from normo-functional kidneys reveal minimal differences between living and deceased donors
Kidney transplantation (KTx) is the best therapeutic approach for chronic kidney diseases leading to irreversible kidney failure. Considering the origin of the graft, several studies have reported differences ... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 31, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: S. In és Lozano-Ramos, Ioana Bancu, Laura Carreras-Planella, Marta Monguió-Tortajada, Laura Cañas, Javier Juega, Josep Bonet, M. Pilar Armengol, Ricardo Lauzurica and Francesc E. Borràs Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Varicella infections in patients with end stage renal disease: a systematic review
End stage renal disease (ESRD) is on the rise globally. Varicella infection among adult patients with ESRD has been reported to lead to multiple complications and even death. While varicella vaccination has be... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 24, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Chong Yau Ong, Sher Guan Low, Farhad Fakhrudin Vasanwala, Shashidhar Baikunje and Lian Leng Low Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Gene alterations in monocytes are pathogenic factors for immunoglobulin a nephropathy by bioinformatics analysis of microarray data
Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is the most frequent primary glomerulopathy worldwide. The study aimed to provide potential molecular biomarkers for IgAN management. (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yingbo Guo, Wenfeng Gao, Danyang Wang, Weijing Liu and Zhongjie Liu Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Patient discourse on chronic kidney disease monitoring: a qualitative study at a Veterans Affairs Renal Clinic
Knowing how chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients talk about their encounters with providers (i.e., their discourse) can inform the important clinical goal of engaging patients in their chronic disease self-ma... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 19, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ann E. Vandenberg, Katharina V. Echt, Theodore M. Johnson II and C. Barrett Bowling Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Retrospective analysis of tacrolimus combined with Tripterygium wilfordii polyglycoside for treating idiopathic membranous nephropathy
Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) is one of the most common adult nephrotic syndromes. Some patients with this disorder require immunosuppressive therapy. This retrospective case series was performed to ... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 18, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shun-Lai Shang, Guang-Yan Cai, Shu-wei Duan, Ping Li, Qing-Gang Li and Xiang-Mei Chen Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Serum free light chain levels and renal function at diagnosis in patients with multiple myeloma
This study reports the associations between renal function and disease characteristics including serum free light ... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Punit Yadav, Paul Cockwell, Mark Cook, Jennifer Pinney, Hannah Giles, Yu Sandar Aung, David Cairns, Roger G. Owen, Faith E. Davies, Graham H. Jackson, J. Anthony Child, Gareth J. Morgan and Mark T. Drayson Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Familial hypomagnesaemia, Hypercalciuria and Nephrocalcinosis associated with a novel mutation of the highly conserved leucine residue 116 of Claudin 16 in a Chinese patient with a delayed diagnosis: a case report
Sixty mutations of claudin 16 coding gene have been reported in familial hypomagnesemia with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis (FHHNC) patients. Recent investigations revealed that a highly conserved glycine... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jingru Lu, Xiangzhong Zhao, Alessandro Paiardini, Yanhua Lang, Irene Bottillo and Leping Shao Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Preservation of kidney function in kidney transplant recipients by alkali therapy (Preserve-Transplant Study): rationale and study protocol
Graft survival after kidney transplantation has significantly improved within the last decades but there is a substantial number of patients with declining transplant function and graft loss. Over the past yea... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Anna Wiegand, Alexander Ritter, Nicole Graf, Spyridon Arampatzis, Daniel Sidler, Karine Hadaya, Thomas F. M üller, Carsten A. Wagner, Rudolf P. Wüthrich and Nilufar Mohebbi Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research

Angiotensin II-induced podocyte apoptosis is mediated by endoplasmic reticulum stress/PKC- δ/p38 MAPK pathway activation and trough increased Na+/H+ exchanger isoform 1 activity
Angiotensin II (Ang II) contributes to the progression of renal diseases associated with proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis mainly by inducing podocyte apoptosis. In the present study, we investigated whether ... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Vanessa Gerolde Cardoso, Guilherme Lopes Gon çalves, Juliana Martins Costa-Pessoa, Karina Thieme, Bruna Bezerra Lins, Fernando Augusto Malavazzi Casare, Mariana Charleaux de Ponte, Niels Olsen Saraiva Camara and Maria Oliveira-Souza Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Rehydration with fructose worsens dehydration-induced renal damage
Increasing evidence suggests heat stress induced chronic kidney disease (CKD) may be mediated by endogenous fructose generation and may be exacerbated by rehydration by fructose-containing solutions. We have r... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tamara Milagres, Fernando E. Garc ía-Arroyo, Miguel A. Lanaspa, Gabriela Garcia, Takuji Ishimoto, Ana Andres-Hernando, Masanari Kuwabara, Thomas Jensen, Yuka Sato, Jason Glaser, Laura G. Sánchez-Lozada, Richard J. Johnson and Carlos Roncal-Jimenez Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Clinicopathological analysis of proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal IgG deposits in 5 renal allografts
We present a case series of 5 patients with proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal IgG deposits (PGNMID) of renal allografts to better define its natural history, presenting characteristics, patholog... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 11, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jiqiu Wen, Wei Wang, Feng Xu, Jinsong Chen, Mingchao Zhang, Dongrui Cheng, Xuefeng Ni, Xue Li and Zhihong Liu Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Association between low bone mass and the serum RANKL and OPG in patients with nephrolithiasis
Nephrolithiasis is a risk factor for Osteopenia and osteoporosis. Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) regulate bone remodeling and osteoclastogenesis. This stud... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 11, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Asieh Mansour, Maryam Aboeerad, Mostafa Qorbani, Amir Pejman Hashemi Taheri, Mohamad Pajouhi, Abbas Ali Keshtkar, Bagher Larijani, Mohammad Reza Mohajeri-Tehrani and Mohammad Reza Ganji Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Accuracy of iohexol plasma clearance for GFR-determination: a comparison between single and dual sampling
Current guidelines regarding plasma-sampling techniques for glomerular filtration rate (GFR) determination are inconsistent. Single-sample methods are commonly believed not to be precise enough to meet clinica... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 11, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yong Zhang, Zhun Sui, Ze Yu, Tai Feng Li, Wan Yu Feng and Li Zuo Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Low dose mycophenolate mofetil versus cyclophosphamide in the induction therapy of lupus nephritis in Nepalese population: a randomized control trial
This study aimed to evaluate and compare the effectiveness and safety profile of low dose mycoph... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 11, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Arun Sedhain, Rajani Hada, Rajendra K. Agrawal, Gandhi R. Bhattarai and Anil Baral Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Echocardiographic parameters and renal outcomes in patients with preserved renal function, and mild- moderate CKD
Echocardiographic characteristics across the spectrum of chronic kidney disease (CKD) have not been well described. We assessed the echocardiographic characteristics of patients with preserved renal function a... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 11, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Thomas A. Mavrakanas, Aisha Khattak, Karandeep Singh and David M. Charytan Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Successful renal transplantation to a recipient with type II cryoglobulinemia: a case report
Recurrence of glomerulonephritis is an important risk factor for renal graft dysfunction. Cryoglobulinemia is known as a relatively rare cause of renal failure, and doctors are usually hesitant to perform tran... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 9, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tomomichi Kasagi, Hironobu Nobata, Kaori Ikeda, Shogo Banno and Yasuhiko Ito Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Efficiency and nutritional parameters in an elderly high risk population on hemodialysis and hemodiafiltration in Italy and France: different treatments with similar names?
Choice of dialysis is context sensitive, explored for PD and extracorporeal dialysis, but less studied for haemodialysis (HD) and hemodiafiltration (HDF), both widely employed in Italy and France; reasons of c... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 9, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Maria Rita Moio, Antioco Fois, Riccardo Cao, Ida Molfino, Ana Kaniassi, Francoise Lippi, Ludivine Froger, Antonello Pani and Marilisa Biolcati Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Determinants of hyperuricemia in non-dialysed chronic kidney disease patients in three hospitals in Cameroon
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) poses a substantial health burden in sub-Saharan Africa, with risk factors ranging from communicable to non-communicable diseases. Hyperuricemia has been recently identified as a f... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 9, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Marie Doualla, Marie Patrice Halle, Jude Moutchia, Steve Tegang and Gloria Ashuntantang Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Efficacy of Hydroxy-L-proline (HYP) analogs in the treatment of primary hyperoxaluria in Drosophila Melanogaster
Substrate reduction therapy with analogs reduces the accumulation of substrates by inhibiting the metabolic pathways involved in their biosynthesis, providing new treatment options for patients with primary hy... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 6, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Huan Yang, Musa Male, Yang Li, Ning Wang, Chenming Zhao, Shan Jin, Juncheng Hu, Zhiqiang Chen, Zhangqun Ye and Hua Xu Tags: Research article Source Type: research

NGAL protects against endotoxin-induced renal tubular cell damage by suppressing apoptosis
We sought to confirm that neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) protects against apoptosis during endotoxemia. (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 6, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mei Han, Ying Li, Di Wen, Maodong Liu, Yuteng Ma and Bin Cong Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Survival of HIV infected patients on maintenance hemodialysis in Cameroon: a comparative study
There are conflicting reports on the impact of HIV in the era of combined antiretroviral (c-ART) on survival of patient with ESKD. We aimed to compare the one-year survival of HIV positive patients to that of ... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 5, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Marie Patrice Halle, Anais Mfoula Edjomo, Hermine Fouda, Hilaire Djantio, Noel Essomba and Gloria Enow Ashuntantang Tags: Research article Source Type: research

An atypical presentation of high potassium renal secretion rate in a patient with thyrotoxic periodic paralysis: a case report
Hypokalemia is one of the most common clinical electrolyte imbalance problems, and thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is a leading cause of presentation to the emergency department. Low renal potassium secret... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 4, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mei-Lan Tu, Yu-Wei Fang, Jyh-Gang Leu and Ming-Hsien Tsai Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Preoperative serum uric acid predicts incident acute kidney injury following cardiac surgery
This study evaluates the influence of preoperat... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 4, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: T. Kaufeld, K. A. Foerster, T. Schilling, J. T. Kielstein, J. Kaufeld, M. Shrestha, H. G. Haller, A. Haverich and B. M. W. Schmidt Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Green dialysate and gallbladder perforation in a peritoneal dialysis patients: a case report and literature review
Gallbladder perforation is a rare but lethal condition and its diagnosis is usually difficult and delayed. Frequently, gallbladder rupture is associated with cholecystitis, but spontaneous perforation was ever... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 4, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yueh-Lin Wu, Yi-Sheng Lin, Thomas Yu-Ren Hsueh, Wen-Ching Lo, Kuo-Chou Peng and Mu-Jung Kao Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Spontaneous remission of adult-onset minimal change nephrotic syndrome associated with influenza B infection: a case report
While the majority of adult-onset minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) is a primary or an idiopathic form of disease, it can also occur as a secondary form. Reports on the spontaneous remission of MCNS are... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 4, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ayumi Haruki, Eiji Ishikawa, Kan Katayama, Takayasu Ito, Takuya Hiramoto, Mika Fujimoto, Tomohiro Murata and Masaaki Ito Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Bilineal inheritance of pathogenic PKD1 and PKD2 variants in a Czech family with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease – a case report
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common hereditary renal disorder, leading to end stage renal failure and kidney transplantation in its most serious form. The severity of the di... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 4, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Veronika Elisakova, Miroslav Merta, Jana Reiterova, Alica Baxova, Jaroslav Kotlas, Katerina Hirschfeldova, Lena Obeidova, Vladimir Tesar and Jitka Stekrova Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Case report: a thiazide diuretic to treat polyuria induced by tolvaptan
Currently, the vasopressin V2 receptor antagonist tolvaptan is the only available treatment for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), but there are tolerability issues due to aquaretic side-eff... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 3, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Bart J. Kramers, Maatje D. A. van Gastel, Esther Meijer and Ron T. Gansevoort Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Left ventricular hypertrophy in experimental chronic kidney disease is associated with reduced expression of cardiac Kruppel-like factor 15
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) increases the risk of death in chronic kidney disease (CKD). The transcription factor Kruppel-like factor 15 (KLF15) is expressed in the heart and regulates cardiac remodelli... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 3, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Sheila K. Patel, Elena Velkoska, Daniel Gayed, Jay Ramchand, Jessica Lesmana and Louise M. Burrell Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Minimal change disease associated with anti-PD1 immunotherapy: a case report
Oncologic immunotherapy is a form of therapy intended to reactivate the immune response to tumor cells using agents that modulate immune checkpoints, such as programmed cell death protein 1 and its ligand (PD-... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 3, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Bixia Gao, Ningjing Lin, Suxia Wang and Yu Wang Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Familial risks in and between stone diseases: sialolithiasis, urolithiasis and cholelithiasis in the population of Sweden
According to the literature the three stone diseases, sialolithiasis (SL), urolithiasis (UL) and cholelithiasis (CL) share comorbidities. We assess familial and spouse risks between these stone disease and com... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 3, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kari Hemminki, Otto Hemminki, Anni I. M. Koskinen, Asta F örsti, Kristina Sundquist, Jan Sundquist and Xinjun Li Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Phosphate binders as a cause of hypothyroidism in dialysis patients: practical indications from a review of the literature
In this report, we describe a dialysis patient who developed severe fatigue due to pharmacological interaction b... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 2, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Emanuela Cataldo, Valeria Columbano, Louise Nielsen, Lurlynis Gendrot, Bianca Covella and Giorgina Barbara Piccoli Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Adhesive intestinal obstruction increases the risk of intestinal perforation in peritoneal dialysis patients: a case report
Peritonitis secondary to bowel perforation is a rare and potentially fatal complication in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. However, the early diagnosis of bowel perforation is difficult in PD patients becau... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - June 28, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kentaro Fujii, Naoki Washida, Eri Arai, Masashi Tsuruta, Shu Wakino and Hiroshi Itoh Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Rituximab induction therapy for de novo ANCA associated vasculitis in pregnancy: a case report
The diagnosis of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated vasculitis (AAV) is rare in pregnancy but potentially life threatening. There are no randomized controlled trials to guide the management ... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - June 28, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Claire Harris, Judith Marin and Monica C. Beaulieu Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Histological findings to five years after early conversion of kidney transplant patients from cyclosporine to everolimus: an analysis from the randomized ZEUS study
Conversion from calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) therapy to everolimus within 6 months after kidney transplantation improves long-term graft function but can increase the risk of mild biopsy-proven acute cellular r... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - June 28, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ute Eisenberger, Klemens Budde, Frank Lehner, Claudia Sommerer, Petra Reinke, Oliver Witzke, Rudolf P. W üthrich, Rolf Stahl, Katharina Heller, Barbara Suwelack, Anja Mühlfeld, Ingeborg A. Hauser, Silvio Nadalin, Martina Porstner and Wolfgang Arns Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Once-weekly hemodialysis combined with low-protein and low-salt dietary treatment as a favorable therapeutic modality for selected patients with end-stage renal failure: a prospective observational study in Japanese patients
For patients with end-stage renal failure (ESFR), thrice-weekly hemodialysis is a standard care. Once-weekly hemodialysis combined with low-protein and low-salt dietary treatment (OWHD-DT) have been rarely stu... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - June 28, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Toshiyuki Nakao, Yoshie Kanazawa and Toshimasa Takahashi Tags: Research article Source Type: research