New cancer vaccine platform a potential tool for efficacious targeted cancer therapy

(University of Helsinki) Researchers at the University of Helsinki have discovered a solution in the form of a cancer vaccine platform for improving the efficacy of oncolytic viruses used in cancer treatment.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

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ConclusionDespite the limited immunization documentation and high refusal rates observed in this study, the influenza vaccine refusal rate was lower than the average for the United States, the state of Georgia, and the previous studies of patients with cancer. Although routine outpatient vaccination occurs, improvements in screening, strategies for sharing patient vaccine-related information, and counseling of patients who refuse the vaccine are needed. Further work is also needed to determine the effectiveness of influenza vaccination in patients receiving anti-cancer therapy.
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ol JG Abstract The efficacy of cancer therapies strongly relies on their ability to reinstate cancer immunosurveillance. Numerous biomedical approaches with immunotherapeutic activity have been developed to reeducate the host immune system to detect and clear tumor cells. Cytotoxicants have been primarily designed to slow down malignant cell proliferation and to induce programmed cell death. Some cytotoxic stimuli are able to activate a particular type of apoptosis, which is referred to as immunogenic cell death (ICD), that de facto convert cancer cells into their own vaccine. This effect ultimately facilitates th...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our study shows that documentation of education and administration of influenza vaccination is suboptimal in these 2 healthcare systems. Although vaccinations that occurred outside of these healthcare systems by primary care providers, pharmacies, and other providers would not be recorded in this dataset unless the patient had a hospital admission, these data suggest a gap in patient care and education that could lead to increased risk of worse outcomes from influenza infection. Routine outpatient vaccination screening and counseling in oncology clinics will be explored to improve documentation of influenza va...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 903. Outcomes Research-Non-Malignant Hematology: Poster III Source Type: research
Abstract Cancer genome sequencing is useful for diagnosis and personalized treatment. Analysis of the sequencing data involves integration of computation, statistics and system biology methods. The amalgam of such methods which help study interaction of cancer cells with immune system, harnessing immune system for cancer therapy or its prevention through vaccines has led to the foundation of cancer immunomics. It is, therefore, a combinatorial science which merges diverse techniques from genomics and proteomics for diagnosis and drug design/treatment. There has been a gradual increase in establishment of cancer im...
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
In this report, we propose that the molecular mechanisms of beneficial actions of CR should be classified and discussed according to whether they operate under rich or insufficient energy resource conditions. Future studies of the molecular mechanisms of the beneficial actions of CR should also consider the extent to which the signals/factors involved contribute to the anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and other CR actions in each tissue or organ, and thereby lead to anti-aging and prolongevity. RNA Interference of ATP Synthase Subunits Slows Aging in Nematodes https://www.fightaging.org/archives/...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
(University of California - San Diego) Tamara Strauss has been living with high-grade, stage IV pancreatic neuroendocrine cancer for more than three years. Current treatments, although effective for her, are highly toxic. Tamara enrolled in a first-of-its-kind, pilot study at Moores Cancer Center at UC San Diego Health to test a personalized vaccine using her unique cancer mutations to boost an anti-tumor immune response.
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: These results support the clinical use of consensus MAGE-A immunogens with the capacity to target multiple MAGE-A family members to prevent tumor immune escape. PMID: 30262507 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
1. Cancer is not rare.  Technically, childhood cancer is rare compared to adult cancer, but it’s not as rare as you think.   Outside of my work, I can think of 3 people who I know personally that had a childhood cancer.  A teammate on my high school basketball team, my sister-in-law, and a high school debate teammate.   My guess is that you also know someone from church, a coworker’s kid, or one of your kids’ classmates who has been affected by this disease. 2. Curing cancer and preventing cancer is not the same thing.  We do have a cure for the majority of childhood cancers....
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Conditions Oncology/Hematology Pediatrics Source Type: blogs
A Halifax-based chiropractor being investigated for online posts that include discredited views on vaccines and cancer therapies continues to share controversial information on social media that is outside her scope of practice.
Source: CBC | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Nova Scotia Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 29 August 2018Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Olga GordeevaAbstractCancer-testis antigens (CTAs) are considered as unique and promising cancer biomarkers and targets for cancer therapy. CTAs are multifunctional protein group with specific expression patterns in normal embryonic and adult cells and various types of cancer cells. CTAs are involved in regulating of the basic cellular processes during development, stem cell differentiation and carcinogenesis though the biological roles and cell functions of CTA families remain largely unclear. Analysis of CTA expression patterns ...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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