Now online: New Director's Report and the Fall 2018 issue of the NIAAA Spectrum

The NIAAA Director ’s Report to the National Advisory Council on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism for September 13, 2018, is now online atwww.niaaa.nih.gov/about-niaaa/our-work/advisory-council/directors-reports-council/niaaa-directors-report-institute-19 In addition, the most recent issue of the NIAAA Spectrum is now available atwww.spectrum.niaaa.nih.gov. 
Source: NIAAA News - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: news

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OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare caffeinated energy drink adverse event (AE) report/exposure call data from the US Food and Drug Administration Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition's Adverse Event Reporting System (CAERS) and the American Associa...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The health benefits of reducing excessive alcohol consumption are well-documented and widely accepted, but policies directed to this end are often regarded as damaging to the economy. Previous UK alcohol impact studies typically focu...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Over-indebtedness is currently rising in high-income countries. Millions of citizens are confronted with the persistent situation when household income and assets are insufficient to cover payment obligations and living expenses. Previous resea...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
OBJECTIVES: To quantify sex disparities in cause-specific premature adult mortality in Estonia, to determine the causes of death with the largest differences, to provide insight into related behaviours and to offer some guidance to public health policy-mak...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 18 July 2019Source: The American Journal of SurgeryAuthor(s): Brigid K. Killelea, Emily J. Gallagher, Sheldon M. Feldman, Elisa Port, Tari King, Susan K. Boolbol, Rebeca Franco, Kezhen Fei, Derek Le Roith, Nina A. BickellAbstractIntroductionAlthough breast cancer incidence is higher among white women, black women are more likely to have aggressive tumors with less favorable histology, and to have a worse prognosis. Obesity and alcohol consumption have been identified as two modifiable risk factors for breast cancer, while physical activity may offer protection. Little however is known abo...
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Introduction: Alcohol intake has a monotonic detrimental role for several diseases (in particular some cancers), but is associated with reduced risk of ischemic heart disease when consumed in moderation. The association of moderate alcohol intake with total mortality remains controversial.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
Background: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a disease that causes irreversible reduction of visual function, is the leading cause of blindness in developed countries. Epidemiological studies have suggested that dietary patterns impact on AMD development and progression. Our aim was to systematically review all the prospective cohort studies available that have evaluated the consumption of different food groups and alcohol in relation to the development and progression of AMD.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
Source: Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Continuing Medical Education (CME)/MOC Activity Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 November 2019Source: Materials Letters, Volume 254Author(s): Masaki Kakiage, Taiju KobayashiAbstractWe successfully fabricated crystalline boron carbide (B4C) fibers consisting of connected particles by carbothermal reduction. The condensed boric acid (H3BO3)-poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) product fibers were prepared from a H3BO3-PVA/dimethyl sulfoxide solution with glycerin added by electrospinning. The fibrous B4C precursor consisting of boron oxide and carbon components was prepared by the thermal decomposition of the electrospun condensed H3BO3-PVA product fibers in air. Crystalline B4C fibers consistin...
Source: Materials Letters - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Conclusion: NAFLD is emerging as a predominant etiology of CLD in India, followed by ALD, HBV, and HCV. However, significant regional differences regarding predominant etiology was noted within the country. It was further noted that significant number of patients had advanced fibrosis based on VCTE assessment. This study emphasizes the need for appropriate risk evaluation and early assessment of severity of liver disease, for adequate disease management. PMID: 31315327 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
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