NIH project models culturally appropriate alcohol use and suicide preventions for youth in Alaska Native and Other Indigenous Communities
Webinar will highlight ongoing NIAAA intervention research.  (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - October 7, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: groa Source Type: news

Dr. Sandra Brown to Deliver Virtual 2020 Jack Mendelson Honorary Lecture
NIAAA grantee will discuss alcohol ’s effects on adolescent development (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - September 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

New gene associated with reduced risk for cirrhosis
NIH-funded study provides hope for better disease prediction. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - August 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Prenatal alcohol exposure changes mouse brain circuitry involved in decision making
Prenatal alcohol exposure is a leading preventable cause of birth defects and neurodevelopmental abnormalities in the United States. It can lead to learning, memory, and impulsivity problems in both children and adults. In a new study conducted with mice, NIAAA scientists report that specific changes in a brain circuit involved in learning and decision making could underlie some of the behavioral effects of prenatal alcohol exposure. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - August 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

NIH updates comprehensive resource to address college drinking
CollegeAIM stays in-step with latest college alcohol intervention research. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - August 19, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Choline supplements in young children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder have lasting cognitive benefits
NIAAA-funded scientists report that early life dietary choline supplements improve some of the cognitive and behavioral symptoms associated withfetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) four years after treatment ended. The results of this study suggest that choline treatment during an important time window during early childhood can alter brain development in a way that produces lasting therapeutic behavioral effects for children with FASD. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - July 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

COVID-19 means long stretch of stormy weather for people with alcohol and substance use disorders
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has created an environment that is particularly problematic for individuals with alcohol and substance use disorders (ASUD), according to physician scientists at the National Institutes of Health. In a commentarynow online in the American Journal of Psychiatry, the researchers liken the global coronavirus emergency to a “perfect storm,” with dire consequences for ASUD prevention and treatment that may endure after the pandemic. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - July 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders May Increase the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Other Metabolic Issues
Adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) may have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, and other metabolic abnormalities such as low HDL cholesterol and elevated levels of triglycerides compared to people without FASD, according to a new study supported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health. The research team confirmed their findings in a zebrafish model of FASD and gained insight into the mechanisms that may play a role in these metabolic issues.  (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - June 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Drinking alcohol does not prevent or treat coronavirus infection and may impair immune function
While hand sanitizers containing 60-95% ethyl alcohol can help destroy the coronavirus on surfaces, drinking alcohol —including beverages with high percentages of alcohol—offers no protection from the virus. The concentration of alcohol in the blood afterone standard drink is in the range of 0.01 –0.03% (a blood alcohol level of 0.01–0.03 gm%), which is a tiny fraction of the concentration needed to produce an antiseptic action. Indeed, a blood alcohol concentration of 0.40% can be fatal. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - April 30, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Landmark study of adolescent brain development renews for additional seven years
NIH-supported, multi-institute research program will generate robust data about how young brains mature.With nearly $290M of new funding for seven years to research institutions around the country, the National Institutes of Health renewed its commitment to theAdolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study, the largest long-term study of brain development and child health ever conducted in the United States. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - April 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Alcohol Treatment and Physical Distancing
If you need alcohol treatment while practicing physical distancing, there are several professionally led treatment and mutual-support group options available to you:Professionally led treatmentMany healthcare professionals and programs have offered telehealth alcohol treatment for years. These are phone or video sessions for talk therapy or medical care.  Now, with the COVID-19 emergency, more providers are offering telehealth services. Medicare and other insurers are expanding coverage of telehealth services as well. Check with your insurance company about coverage. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - April 1, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

National Drug and Alcohol Facts Week ® celebrates 10 years
Observance helps teens dispel myths about substance use (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - March 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

NIAAA at 50: A Legacy of Advancing Alcohol Research - Reflections on Five Decades of Innovation and Progress
On December 31, 1970, Congress passed the Comprehensive Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Prevention, Treatment, and Rehabilitation Act, the legislation that created the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - March 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: groa Source Type: news

Meta-analysis supports AA as treatment for AUD
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is as effective as established behavioral treatments for some people with alcohol use disorder (AUD), according to an extensive review of NIAAA-supported research and other studies.   As reported March 11 in theCochrane Database of Systematic Review, researchers used a meta-analysis to show that AA and other 12-step facilitation interventions are effective in helping individuals with AUD reduce alcohol consumption, maintain continuous abstinence, and reduce alcohol-related consequences. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - March 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

In Memoriam: Dr. Richard Veech
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism sadly announces the death of Richard L. Veech, MD, DPhil, Chief of the NIAAA Laboratory of Metabolic Control. Dr. Veech joined NIH after earning his bachelor ’s and medical degrees at Harvard and his DPhil at Oxford under the tutelage of Hans Krebs. While in the process of completing his graduate work at Oxford and planning his start at NIH, he survived the crash of a commercial airliner wherein most passengers and crew were killed. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - February 6, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

In Memoriam: Richard Veech, M.D., Ph.D.
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism sadly announces the death of Richard L. Veech, MD, DPhil, Chief of the NIAAA Laboratory of Metabolic Control. Dr. Veech joined NIH after earning his bachelor ’s and medical degrees at Harvard and his DPhil at Oxford under the tutelage of Hans Krebs. While in the process of completing his graduate work at Oxford and planning his start at NIH, he survived the crash of a commercial airliner wherein most passengers and crew were killed. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - February 6, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Alcohol Use Disorder and Personality Disorders
Data from large epidemiological studies highlight the intertwined nature of alcohol use disorder (AUD) and personality disorders. This review: (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - January 27, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Dr. Laura E. Nagy to Deliver 24th Annual Mark Keller Honorary Lecture at the National Institutes of Health
What:The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health, announces that Laura E. Nagy, Ph.D., will deliver the 24th Annual Mark Keller Honorary Lecture. The title of her presentation is “Inflammation and Cell Death in Alcohol-Associated Liver Disease.”   (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - January 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Combined prenatal smoking and drinking greatly increases SIDS risk
Children born to mothers who both drank and smoked beyond the first trimester of pregnancy have a 12-fold increased risk for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)  compared to those unexposed or only exposed in the first trimester of pregnancy, according to a new study supported by the National Institutes of Health.  (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - January 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Study Identifies Genetic Variant that May Contribute to Alcohol and Drug Addiction
People with a genetic variant of a neurotransmitter gene may have an increased risk of addiction to alcohol and other substances later in life if they were exposed to childhood stress, such as divorce or emotionally distant parents, and other adverse experiences, according to recent research.  (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - January 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Co-Occurring Alcohol Use Disorder and Anxiety
Few observations in psychiatry have been documented as long and as consistently as the association between anxiety and the chronic misuse of alcohol. Research has shown that up to 50% of individuals receiving treatment for problematic alcohol use also met diagnostic criteria for one or more anxiety disorders. The latest article from  Alcohol Research Current Reviews provides an overview of the evolving perspectives of this association in the context of three related disciplines - psychiatry, psychology, and neuroscience. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - January 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Alcohol-related deaths increasing in the United States
An analysis of U.S. death certificate data by researchers at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health, found that nearly 1 million people died from alcohol-related causes between 1999 and 2017. The number of death certificates mentioning alcohol more than doubled from 35,914 in 1999 to 72,558 in 2017, the year in which alcohol played a role in 2.6% of all deaths in the United States. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - January 8, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Alcohol Use Disorder and Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder
People with schizophrenia spectrum disorders have high rates of co-occurring substance use disorder, including alcohol use disorder (AUD). For individuals who have schizophrenia, AUD is associated with depression, suicidality, medication nonadherence, chronic physical problems, homelessness, aggression, violence, incarceration, and high rates of hospitalization. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - January 6, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

It ’s holiday party season – here’s what you need to know about the science of hangovers
The holiday season is here, bringing with it many opportunities for parties, celebrations, and for some – overindulging. So, it’s a good time to understand a little more about the possible consequences of these festivities, particularly the dreaded hangover. Check out the December NIAAA Director's blog post tolearn more.    (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - December 10, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Bacteriophage therapy may ease severity of alcoholic hepatitis
NIH-funded study in mice merits further investigation as a potential treatment  (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - November 14, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Using both marijuana and alcohol during early pregnancy may increase the likelihood of disrupting fetal development
New preclinical research reported in animal models shows that exposure to compounds found in marijuana called cannabinoids (CBs), which includes cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), during early pregnancy can cause malformations in the developing embryo. The research also demonstrated that co-exposure to CBs and alcohol increased the likelihood of birth defects involving the face and brain. The study, funded by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health, was published inScientific Reports. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - November 8, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Integrating treatment for co-occurring mental health conditions
Given the high co-occurrence between alcohol use disorder (AUD) and mental health conditions (MHCs) it is important that co-occurring disorders be addressed in integrated treatment. The latest article from  Alcohol Research Current Reviews  examines the prevalence of co-occurring AUD and MHCs, screening tools to identify individuals with symptoms of AUD and MHCs, and subsequent assessment of co-occurring disorders. Types of integrated treatment and current challenges to integrate treatment for co-occurring disorders are reviewed. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - November 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Media Advisory: New compound helps find early signs of liver damage
NIH-funded study provides hope for noninvasive detection of early liver disease. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - October 29, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Interactions between stress and alcohol
The latest article from  Alcohol Research Current Reviews explores interactions between stress and alcohol. Some people drink alcohol for stress relief, but alcohol can actually activate stress systems in the brain, acting as a stressor itself. This review article describes 1) the effects of stress on alcohol drinking and 2) how alcohol interacts with biological stress systems. Findings from animal models suggest that brain stress systems may be useful targets for medications development for alcohol use disorder and co-occurring stress-related disorders in humans. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - October 28, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Alcohol use disorder and depression
The latest article from  Alcohol Research Current Reviews explores co-occurrence of alcohol use disorder and depression. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) and depressive disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders and co-occur more often than expected by chance. Studies have indicated that the co-occurrence of AUD and depressive disorders is a ssociated with greater severity and worse prognosis for both disorders. The aim of this review is to characterize the prevalence, course, and treatment of co-occurring AUD and depressive disorders.  (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - October 21, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

New NIH BRAIN Initiative awards accelerate neuroscience discoveries
Scientists have been developing astounding new tools for exploring neural circuits that underlie brain function throughout the first five years of the National Institutes of Health ’sBrain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies® (BRAIN) Initiative. Now, the NIH has announced its continued support for these projects by funding over 180 new BRAIN Initiative awards, bringing the total 2019 budget for the program to more than $424 million. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - October 18, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

New Issue of NIAAA Spectrum is Now Available!
The latest issue of NIAAA Spectrum is now available. In this issue:Feature" Alcohol and " Deaths of Despair " In 2015, Princeton University economists Anne Case, Ph.D., and Angus Deaton, Ph.D., reported something unexpected. After decreasing since the end of World War II, rates of death began to increase in the United States for people in some groups. The rise in deaths was driven primarily by drug and alcohol overdoses, suicides, and liver disease.    (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - October 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Links between alcohol use and suicidal behavior
The latest article fromAlcohol Research Current Reviews explores links between alcohol use and suicidal behavior.  Research on associations of suicidal behavior, including suicide and suicide attempt, with alcohol use disorder (AUD) and acute use of alcohol (AUA) are discussed, with an emphasis on data from meta-analyses. Based on psychological autopsy investigations, results indicate that AUD is prevalent amo ng individuals who die by suicide. Results also indicate that AUD is a potent risk factor for suicidal behavior. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - September 26, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

In Memoriam: Robert E. Taylor, MD, PhD
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) notes with sadness the passing of Robert E. Taylor, M.D., Ph.D.  Dr. Taylor had a distinguished career as the Dean of the College of Medicine, Chair of the Department of Pharmacology, and Director of the NIAAA-funded Collaborative Alcohol Research Center at Howard University.    (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - September 19, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: groa Source Type: news

Now Online: Director ’s Report
The Director ’s Report to the National Advisory Council on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism is now available online. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - September 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

New preclinical study points to potential role of human gene in addiction
A new study led by researchers at the National Institute and Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), identifies regions of the rat genome that are associated with a behavior that is highly predictive of addiction onset and progression.  The region in the rat genome with the strongest association with the behavior corresponded to a human gene associated with substance use disorders.  A report of the study is online inProceedings of the National Academies of Science. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - August 8, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Dr. Carlo C. DiClemente to Deliver 11th Annual Jack Mendelson Honorary Lecture at the National Institutes of Health
What:The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health, announces that Carlo C. DiClemente, Ph.D., will deliver the 11th Annual Jack Mendelson Honorary Lecture. The title of his presentation is “Is Relapse and Recycling Necessary for Recovery from Alcohol Use Disorder?”  (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - July 9, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: groa Source Type: news

Dr. Paule Joseph Selected as Lasker Clinical Research Scholar in NINR/NIAAA Intramural Research Program
(Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - July 3, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Reduction in Drinking Associated with Improvements in Health and Quality of Life
In clinical trials for alcohol use disorder (AUD), abstinence and no heavy drinking days are currently the only end points approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. However, many individuals who do not achieve these end points may still reduce their drinking to less harmful levels during treatment. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - June 19, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

A New Treatment Strategy for Alcohol-Associated Liver Disease
Alcohol is involved in nearly half of all liver disease deaths in the United States each year. Alcohol-associated liver disease (AALD) now replaces hepatitis C viral infection as the lead cause of liver transplantation due to chronic liver disease. Consequently, there is an urgent need for effective interventions for AALD, a complex disease with multiple contributing factors. One of these factors is the change in the levels and types of bacteria in the gut (known as gut microbiota) that occurs as a result of chronic alcohol misuse. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - June 6, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Now Online: Director ’s Report and NIAAA Spectrum
The Director ’s Report to the National Advisory Council on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism isnow available online. In addition, check out themost recent issue of the NIAAA Spectrum. The current issue includes: A feature about alcohol treatment; (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - May 22, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Integrated stepped alcohol treatment for people in HIV care improves both HIV and alcohol outcomes
New clinical research supported by the National Institutes of Health shows that increasing the intensity of treatment for alcohol use disorder (AUD) over time improves alcohol-related outcomes among people with HIV. This stepped approach to AUD treatment also improves HIV-related disease measures in this patient population.   A report of the new study, led by researchers at Yale University, is now online inThe Lancet HIV. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - May 17, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

NIAAA-Supported Research: State policies that regulate alcohol/drug use during pregnancy cause worse birth outcomes, increase public health costs
A new study finds that several state-level policies targeting alcohol and drug use during pregnancy lead to greater numbers of low birthweight and preterm births, resulting in hundreds of millions of dollars more in public health spending each year.  (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - May 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

NIAAA Honors Dr. Geoffrey K. Mumford with Senator Harold Hughes Award
Geoffrey K. Mumford, Ph.D., Associate Executive Director for Government Relations in the Science Directorate of the American Psychological Association (APA), received the Senator Harold Hughes Memorial Award today from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health. NIAAA Director George F. Koob, Ph.D., announced the Institute ’s selection during the 151st meeting of the National Advisory Council on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.  (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - May 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Changing Alcohol Use and ER Visits
Join us for a webinar on Apr 10, 2019 at 2:00 PM EDT.Register now!Among adults 18 and older, alcohol use is increasing, particularly for females. Alcohol use among middle- and high-school students is declining, but primarily for young males. Previously large gaps in alcohol use for teen males and females have disappeared. (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - April 2, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

NIH-funded rodent study finds molecular link between adolescent alcohol use and adult anxiety
 New preclinical research in rats has identified a link between adolescent alcohol exposure and specific molecular changes in the brain that contribute to increased anxiety in adulthood. A large body of evidence demonstrates a strong relationship between alcohol and anxiety problems in humans.  (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - March 8, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

NIH study of brain energy patterns provides new insights into alcohol effects
Assessing the patterns of energy use and neuronal activity simultaneously in the human brain improves our understanding of how alcohol affects the brain, according to new research by scientists at the National Institutes of Health. The new approach for characterizing brain energetic patterns could also be useful for studying other neuropsychiatric diseases. A report of the findings is now online in  Nature Communications.  (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - March 1, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: groa Source Type: news

New Issue of NIAAA Spectrum is Now Available!
NIAAA Spectrum is the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism's (NIAAA) triannual webzine. With engaging feature articles, short news updates, and colorful graphics,  NIAAA Spectrum offers accessible and relevant information on NIAAA and the alcohol research field.The latest issue is now available.  In This IssueAdvances in Understanding and Addressing Underage Drinking (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - February 20, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

Transcript available for National Drugs and Alcohol Chat Day 2019
Drugs and Alcohol Chat Day is  an annual live online chat held between high school students and NIH scientists. Chat Day is part ofNational Drug and Alcohol Facts Week®. During Chat Day students have the opportunity to ask the questions they most want answers to about drugs, alcohol, and drug use, including drug and alcohol effects, how to help friends or family, and what causes addiction.    (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - February 12, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: groa Source Type: news

Upcoming Advisory Council Meeting
The Open Session of the  National Advisory Council on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism will take place on February 7, 2019 from 10 AM - 3 PM. You canview the agenda for more details and tune in to the webcast if you can't make it in person.   (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - February 6, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news