NYC Rats Are Even Grosser Than You Thought

Rats are a part of daily life in New York as they scurry about subway tracks and garbage heaps. However, even though the creatures been neighbors of New Yorkers for centuries, researchers are still learning exactly how these rodents could affect the health of millions. In a recently released study from scientists at Columbia University, researchers confirmed the fears of every New Yorker. These ubiquitous pests are housing dangerous bacteria including E. Coli, Salmonella and viruses including the deadly Seoul Hantavirus.
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

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Zhengxin Ma, Amber Ginn, Minyoung Kang, Klibs N. Galv ão, Kwangcheol Casey Jeong
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study, raw sewage and mussel samples were analyzed for the presence of AiV-1 using reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR). Amplification and sequencing of the 3CD and VP1 genomic regions followed by phylogenetic analysis using selected genome sequences revealed the presence of AiV-1, genotype B. The results highlight the importance of further screening to evaluate the prevalence and epidemiology of this clinically important virus in South Africa.
Source: Food and Environmental Virology - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Authors: Skowron B, Baranowska A, Dobrek L, Ciesielczyk K, Kaszuba-Zwoinska J, Wiecek G, Malska-Wozniak A, Strus M, Gil K Abstract Recent evidence suggests that neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), cystatin C (CysC), uromodulin (UMOD), and some interleukins (IL-6 and IL-18) can be considered as diagnostic markers of acute kidney injury (AKI). The aim of this study was to verify the applicability of four urinary (u) markers, namely uNGAL, uKIM-1, uCysC, and uUMOD, for the diagnosis of ascending AKI induced by bacterial pyelonephritis. The study included 30 female rats ...
Source: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
This study was performed to evaluate the etiology of UTI and the antibiotic susceptibility profile of Escherichia coli ( E. coli ) as the main etiological factor in different age groups. Urine samples were examined using standard microbiological methods. Three hundred sixty-three samples (72.9%) were identified as E. coli , of which 29 (8.0%) can produce extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL). E. coli was highly sensitive to imipenem (100.0%), gentamicin (91.0%), nitrofurantoin (89.4%), amikacin (88.2%), piperacillin/ tazobactam (87.0%) and cephalosporins (79.7-89.5%). Low sensitivity was found in relation to fluoroqui...
Source: Polish Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Pol J Microbiol Source Type: research
Due to a possible E-coli contamination, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency says certain cauliflower, red leaf lettuce and green leaf lettuce products produced by Adam Bros. Farming Inc. of Santa Maria, Calif., have been recalled.
Source: CBC | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/New Brunswick Source Type: news
Spokane Produce Inc. of Spokane, WA initiates a voluntary recall of sandwiches containing green leaf lettuce and foodservice lettuce filets following notice of a produce industry ingredient recall by Adam Bros. Farming Inc. Sandwich products bearing the Northwest Cuisine Creations and Fresh&Local labels. These prod- ucts are recalled because they may be contaminated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 bacteria (E. Coli O157:H7). E. coli O157:H7 causes a diarrheal illness often with bloody stools. Although most healthy adults can recover completely within a week, some people can develop a form of kidney failure called Hemolytic...
Source: Food and Drug Administration - Category: Food Science Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 16 December 2018Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Ying Zhou, Qiyuan Peng, Ling Zhang, Sihua Cheng, Lanting Zeng, Fang Dong, Ziyin YangAbstract1-Phenylethanol is a chiral flavor compound that has enantiomers, (R)- and (S)-1-phenylethanol, with different flavor properties. Given that isolating these enantiomers from plants is low yielding and costly, enzymatic synthesis presents an alternative approach. However, the genes/enzymes that specifically produce (R)- and (S)-1-phenylethanol in plants are unknown. To identify these enzymes in tea (Camellia sinensis) flowers, 21 short chain dehydroge...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 March 2019Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Volume 283Author(s): Shih-Rong Su, Yuan-Yu Chen, Kuan-Ying Li, Yu-Cheng Fang, Chih-Hsien Wang, Chiou-Ying Yang, Lai-Kwan Chau, Shau-Chun WangAbstractGas ions can be ejected at the tip of a corona needle to form an ionic wind. When the corona needle is close to one hemispherical droplet sitting on flat glass slide, the ionic wind wiping across the liquid surface can induce micro-centrifugal vortex inside the droplet to drag suspended particles to the droplet bottom to trap at the stagnant point. Besides using this electrohydrodynamically generated ion...
Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 December 2018Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Sengan Megarajan, Siva Bala Subramaniyan, Sukanya Arul Prakash, Ravikanth Kamlekar, Veerappan AnbazhaganAbstractIn this paper, the self assembling properties of taurolipids were used to prepare stable copper nanoparticles (CuNPs), and demonstrated the ability of CuNPs to eradicate the biofilms formed by waterborne pathogens. The synthesized CuNPs display wine red color and exhibited surface plasmon resonance with a maximum at 590 nm. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the CuNPs are well-dispersed with spherical morpholog...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to determine the antibiotic resistance rates of gram-negative bacilli in the intensive care units of the public hospitals in the region where we are connected by using the cumulative antibiogram result and to show the change of resistance over the years and to determine whether there is any difference between the hospitals. Gram-negative bacilli were isolated from ICUs of state hospitals in the second Istanbul State Hospitals Association area during 2014-2016. Isolates were identified using Vitek MS (bioMérieux, France) system and tested for antibiotic susceptibility with Vitek 2 (bioMé...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
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