Efficacy and safety of endoscopic dilatation in the management of esophageal strictures in children.
CONCLUSION: Endoscopic dilatation is a safe and effective intervention in the management of esophageal strictures in children, with minimal complications when conducted by experts. PMID: 30106416 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusion: Using a sling of the linea alba around the cardioesophageal junction, prevents gastroesophageal reflux and escape of air from esophagus into the stomach, gives time to improve the respiratory and nutritional status of the patient, for a subsequent safer delayed primary anastomosis.
Discussion Respiratory problems in infants can caused by many things including any type of obstruction from the nose to lung. Neonates and infants are particularly susceptible to changes in the size of the airway because of the physics of airflow resistance. Important reminders about infant airways: Resistance = 1/radius4 (Poiseuille’s equation) therefore even a 1 mm decrease in the airway circumferences increases the airflow resistance x16. Increased airflow causes less pressure along the walls, which can lead to collapse of the walls (Bernoulli’s and Venturi effects). Neonates have smaller lungs relative to ...
CONCLUSIONS: Although BE is considered a premalignant condition; incidence of carcinoma in pediatric population is low. Long-term follow-up with endoscopies and biopsies seems to be advisable for BE evidence and malignant alterations. PMID: 29992379 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsCompared with OR, a longer operative time was associated within TR group, although the TR procedure could possibly reduce the length of hospital stay and first oral feeding time. Meanwhile, the occurrence rate for leaks, strictures, pulmonary complications, and the fundoplication rate of GERD, and blood loss were similar between the OR and TR groups. Estimated result of ventilation time between the two groups remained ambiguous.
AbstractBackgroundWe assessed the quality of life (QOL) of postoperative esophageal atresia (EA) with tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) cases, comparing open with thoracoscopic repair.MethodsA retrospective review of consecutive EA/TEF repairs (2001 –2014) was performed, excluding cases with birth weight less than 2000 g and severe cardiac/chromosomal anomalies. Of 37 cases, 13 had thoracoscopic repair (TR) and 24 had open repair (OR) according to the operating surgeon’s preference. QOL was determined regularly by scoring responses to a st andard questionnaire about oral intake, vomiting, bougienage, coughin...
ConclusionGestation, birth weight, and cardiac anomalies could be risk factors for developmental disorders. Moreover, overall complications, GER, and oral ingestion may affect development.
Conclusions: Swallowing dysfunction is common in adults who underwent EA/TEF repair as infants; however, patients reported minimal effect on QOL or day-to-day activities. The SDQ is a valid and reliable tool to measure the full spectrum of swallowing dysfunction in the EA/TEF repair population.
ConclusionsPostoperative complications after EA/TEF repair are common and should be expertly managed to reduce the risk of long-term morbidity. Regular multidisciplinary surveillance with transitional care into adulthood is recommended in all patients with EA/TEF.
AbstractPurpose of ReviewEsophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) is a congenital aerodigestive anomaly with high survival rates after surgical repair. Care should now be focused on prevention of long-term complications using appropriate surveillance techniques.Recent FindingsThe incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is high in patients with EA/TEF. Consequences of untreated GERD include esophagitis, strictures, and Barrett esophagus. Subjective symptoms are an unreliable indicator of presence or severity of GERD, and therefore, diagnostic testing is needed to assess esophageal heath and monitor ...
ConclusionsThis large, single-center series demonstrates that H-type TEF can be diagnosed with esophagogram at an early age. Postoperative recurrent laryngeal nerve paresis and gastro-esophageal reflux disease are common following repair. Although most patients with vocal cord paresis eventually become asymptomatic, two-thirds do not regain vocal cord function. This reinforces the importance of routine examination of vocal cord movement following H-type TEF repair.