The motivation to behaviorally thermoregulate during passive heat exposure in humans is dependent on the magnitude of increases in skin temperature

Publication date: Available online 11 July 2018Source: Physiology &BehaviorAuthor(s): Nicole T. Vargas, Julia Slyer, Christopher L. Chapman, Blair D. Johnson, Jennifer L. Temple, Elizabeth G. Mietlicki-Baase, Zachary J. SchladerAbstractWe tested the hypothesis that the motivation to behaviorally thermoregulate in humans is dependent on the magnitude of changes in mean skin temperature. Ten healthy subjects (22 ± 3 y, 5 females) underwent 60 min of seated rest in a 32±1 °C or 42±1 °C environment (20% relative humidity). Trials were completed in a counterbalanced order. The motivation to behaviorally thermoregulate was measured using an operant behavior task on a fixed ratio schedule, in which subjects received thermal reinforcement after clicking a button 100 times. The reinforcer was 30 s of cooling on the dorsal aspect of the neck. The motivation to behave was defined as the cumulative number of button clicks over time and behavioral thermoregulation was defined as the change in neck skin temperature. Mean skin temperature was higher throughout the 42 °C versus the 32 °C trial (at 60 min: 36.3±0.5 °C vs. 34.5±0.5 °C, P 
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: Journal of Integrative MedicineAuthor(s): Md. Anzar Alam, Mohd Aleemuddin Quamri, Ghulamuddin Sofi, Barkati Md.TariqueAbstractHypothyroidism (Qillat-e-Ifraz-e-Darqiyya) is a condition where the thyroid gland is underactive and unable to produce enough thyroid hormone. The description of hypothyroidism as a disease is not directly found in Unani texts. However, the signs and symptom of hypothyroidism resemble the clinical manifestation associated with Su-e-Mizaj Barid Maddi (derangement in cold temperament), such as plethora (Imtila), excessive salivation (Kasrat-e-Luabe...
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
We report about hirudotherapy in a patient with chronic complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) in the right hand. CRPS is a multifactorial disease associated with disabling pain as well as sensory and motor deficits. The optimal therapeutic management is based on personalized multimodal treatment approaches; however, hirudotherapy has not been described in the available literature. To date, we have completed five medicinal leech treatments. Altogether, hirudotherapy led to rapid and substantial relief of symptoms, especially with respect to pain intensity ratings and skin temperature asymmetries. In Addition, the patient&rs...
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Shuang ZHAO, Meng-lu QIN, Wen-jia WANG, Jing LIAbstractAllergic rhinitis (AR) is the frequently-encountered disease and commonly seen in clinic. Acupuncture-moxibustion therapy brings the significant therapeutic effects on it. In order to achieve the significant effects on AR, the relevant key factors should be determined definitely in treatment with acupuncture-moxibustion therapy. In the combination of the theoretic study with clinical practice, the authors expounded the key factors in acupuncture-moxibustion treatm...
Source: World Journal of Acupuncture Moxibustion - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionILTHS induced oxidative stress responses and inflammatory molecules, which can lead to impaired neurogenesis and ultimately neuronal death, whereas, KRG, being the antioxidant inhibited neuronal damage and increased cell viability.
Source: Journal of Ginseng Research - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionThe TCMD is powerful tool to identify flower herbs and the adulterants that frequently occurred in the flower herb market, especially online shops.
Source: Chinese Herbal Medicines - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionBBR can offer an anti-inflammatory effect and reverse the inhibition of CYP7A1 and CYP8B1 expression caused by LPS treatment, as well as induce the production of bile acids in liver, probably via MAPK signaling; However, treatment with BBR had no effect on the size of total bile acid pool.
Source: Chinese Herbal Medicines - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated the antimicrobial activity of the extracts from herbal plant Persecaria pensylvanicum’s flower, leaf, stem and root. This plant is also known by a common name Pennsylvania smartweed. The antimicrobial effect of the extracts was tested using minimimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bacteriocidal concentration (MBC) methods in comparison with tetracycline, a commercial antibiotic.ResultsWe found that extract from P. pensylvanicum kills bovine mammary glands pathogenic S. aureus strain Newbould 305. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) breakpoints for extracts from flower, l...
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)Author(s): Laura Galian-Gay, Blanca Gordon, Josep Ramón Marsal, Agnès Rafecas, Antonia Pijuan Domènech, Miguel Angel Castro, Maria T. Subirana Domènech, Carlos Sureda, Berta Miranda, Gerard Martí, David García-Dorado, Laura Dos SubiràAbstractIntroduction and objectivesAlthough pulmonary valve stenosis (PVS) is considered a low risk congenital heart disease, there have been reports of complications and the need for reintervention throughout follow-up. The aims ...
Source: Revista Espanola de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
We present a paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) patient who had frequent AF events originating from a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) with an unsuccessful catheter ablation using a non-irrigated radiofrequency catheter and was successfully cured by a successful PLSVC isolation using a second-generation cryoballoon catheter (28-mm, second-generation cryoballoon, Arctic Front Advance, Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA).
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: Journal of Cardiology CasesAuthor(s): Daiki Ousaka, Noriko Sakano, Mizuki Morita, Takayuki Shuku, Kazuo Sanou, Shingo Kasahara, Susumu OozawaAbstractThe majority of marathon deaths are caused by sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), which occur in approximately 1 in 57,000 runners. Such deaths are more common among older males and usually occur in the last 4 miles of the racecourse. Although prompt resuscitation, including early use of an automated external defibrillator (AED), improves survival, the deployment of enough trained medical staff and AEDs is difficult due to increas...
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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