New guidelines to treat endocrine disorders in childhood cancer survivors

The new Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline, published in theJournal of Clinical Endocrinology& Metabolism, advises how to diagnose and treat endocrine disorders that affect up to 50% of childhood cancer survivors.Science Daily
Source: Society for Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news

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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationships among perceived stress, biomarkers of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activity, gonadotropin levels, and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) in female childhood cancer survivors (CCSs). SAMPLE & SETTING: 24 female CCSs from the Royal Hospital for Sick Children in Edinburgh, Scotland, were included in the study. METHODS & VARIABLES: Perceived stress was measured using the Perceived Stress Scale. HPA activity was measured using salivary cortisol and hair cortisol. Ovarian function was measured using serum gonadotropin levels and serum AMH levels....
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research
This study provides definitive evidence and possible mechanisms of intra-familial phenotypic heterogeneity in VHL families, which is helpful to the update of surveillance guidelines. Introduction von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease (MIM 193300) is a rare autosomal dominant cancer syndrome caused by germline mutations in the VHL tumor suppressor gene (Latif et al., 1993; Lonser et al., 2003). Generally, the first VHL-related manifestation occurred in the third decade of patient’s life, and the penetrance is more than 90% by 70 years old (Ong et al., 2007; Nordstrom-O’brien et al., 2010). Patients may develop...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
A Case-Cohort Study to Investigate the Excess of Liver Cancer Observed in Workers in Poultry Slaughtering &Processing Plants. Nutr Cancer. 2019 Apr 22;:1-14 Authors: Faramawi MF, Johnson ES Abstract This is a case-cohort study to examine whether the excess of liver cancer deaths observed in workers in poultry plants could be explained by oncogenic viruses and chemical carcinogenic exposures within the plants. A detailed telephone questionnaire was administered, and responses were analyzed by logistic regression. Odds ratios for several indicators of high exposure to oncogenic viruses or chemical c...
Source: Nutrition and Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Nutr Cancer Source Type: research
ConclusionThe literature does not provide a clear pattern of the long ‐term consequences of childhood cancer on education attainment. While this may suggest that there is no consistent difference between the education attainment of cancer survivors and controls, it may also be the result of limitations in the existing research. To better assess the education attainm ent of survivors, there is a need for high‐quality studies, with appropriate comparators, and standardized measures of education attainment across countries.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research
Rate of hepatic tumors higher among children conceived via IVF
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Oncology, Pathology, Pediatrics, Journal, Source Type: news
Researchers used an experimental gene therapy to develop a possible treatment for a rare and deadly immune disorder known as “bubble boy” disease, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced Wednesday. Because of a gene mutation, babies who are born with X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (X-SCID) do not develop immune cells properly, leaving them highly susceptible to infections. The condition, which strikes up to one in 50,000 newborns, primarily affects boys and requires extreme measures to prevent infection. In one famous case, a boy with SCID, David Vetter, lived in a sterile plastic “bu...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Research Source Type: news
Conclusion: 5-HMF treatment decreased P50, improved SaO2, and mitigated increases in PAP in this swine model of NH. Introduction The reduction of barometric pressure at altitude is associated with reduced partial pressure of ambient Oxygen (PO2). With lower ambient PO2, it can be anticipated that alveolar (PAO2), arterial O2 (PaO2) and blood O2 content (CaO2) will decrease accordingly, resulting in a widely recognized decrease in maximal O2 consumption (VO2) (Dill and Adams, 1972; Lucas et al., 2011). In humans, with acute exposure to altitude, maximal VO2 decrements are measurable at elevations even as low as 580 ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
In this study, a link between mitochondrial changes and infant temperament has also been suggested. Maternal psychosocial stress and lifetime trauma have been associated with decreased mitochondrial DNA copy number in the placenta (115, 116).IndividualityChronic stress links changes in the epigenetic landscape with health conditions (117). Different cell types are characterized by distinct patterns of gene expression due to developmental, environmental, physiological, and pathological reasons (117). Epigenetic mechanisms affect gene function in a dynamic way as a result of different environmental exposures during fetal dev...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Objectives: Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor in childhood. Although a poorer prognosis has been described in older patients, few reports have focused solely on primary osteosarcoma. We evaluated the clinical features of elderly patients with primary osteosarcoma. Materials and Methods: Ninety-four patients were included in this retrospective study, and we divided them into two groups (older patients and younger patients) based on a cut-off age of 40. The patients ’ information, including age, tumor type, location, presence of metastasis, American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage, treatment-r...
Source: Medical Principles and Practice - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
Katherine Samaras1,2,3*, Henrik Tevaerai4, Michel Goldman5, Johannes le Coutre6,7 and Jeff M. P. Holly8 1Department of Endocrinology, St Vincent's Hospital, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia 2Diabetes and Metabolism, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia 3St Vincent's Hospital, St Vincent's Clinical School, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia 4Bern University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland 5Institute for Interdisciplinary Innovation in Healthcare, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium 6Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom 7Nes...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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