Examination of associations between risky driving behaviors and hazardous drinking among a sample of college students.

This study examined co-variation between hazardous drinking scores and the following risky driving behaviors: falling asleep while driving, texting (receiving and sending) while driving, and driving after consuming alcohol. METHODS: The participants in this study were a sample of undergraduate students (N = 1,298) who were enrolled in an introductory health course at a large, Southeastern university in Spring 2016 and completed an online health survey that assessed hazardous drinking, falling asleep while driving, texting while driving, and driving after consuming alcohol. We conducted a series of two-step regression analyses to examine co-variation between hazardous drinking scores (using the AUDIT-C) and the risky driving behaviors of interest. RESULTS: We found that the majority of participants did not drink and drive (91.8%) nor did they fall asleep while driving (80.4%); however, the majority did read a text while driving (81.7%) and sent a text while driving (75.3%). In the full multivariable model, hazardous drinking score was positively associated with drinking and driving (Step 2 OR = 1.28, 95% CI: 1.18, 1.38) and sending a text message while driving (Step 2 b = 0.19, p = .01). Hazardous drinking score was also positively associated with reading a text while driving (Step 1 b = 0.14, p
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

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The objective of this study was to examine how internalizing and externalizing symptoms mediate the association of ACEs with prescription opioid misuse in order to understand how ACEs interconnect with mental health and substance use problems. Adults aged 18 or older from the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions Wave 3 (NESARC-III) conducted in 2012–2013 were included (N = 36,309). The prescription opioid misuse outcomes examined include prescription opioid misuse status, early-onset status of prescription opioid misuse, frequency of past-year prescription opioid misuse, and opioid us...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Volume 31, Issue 3, SupplementAuthor(s): R. Loffroy, N. Falvo, C. Mastier, F. Pilleul, O. Facy, M. Midulla, O. Chevallier
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Volume 31, Issue 3, SupplementAuthor(s): C. Morton, A. Gabr, A. Riaz, S. Mouli, B. Thornburg, K. Desai, K. Sato, R. Salem, R. Lewandowski
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Volume 31, Issue 3, SupplementAuthor(s): T. Houghland, R. Talaie, M. Rosenberg, J. Golzarian, P. Shrestha
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionAntrodin A could improve the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capacities of the liver and maintain the stability of intestinal flora. It is potentially a good candidate compound against acute alcoholic liver injury.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Tam N. Pham, Richard Goldstein, Gretchen J. Carrougher, Nicole S. Gibran, Jeremy Goverman, Peter C. Esselman, Lewis E. Kazis, Colleen M. Ryan, Jeffrey C. SchneiderAbstractIntroductionDespite many advances in burn care, the development of extremity contracture remains a common and vexing problem. Extremity contractures have been documented in up to one third of severely burned patients at discharge. However, little is known about the long-term impact of these contractures. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of extremity contract...
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Evaluation of the accumulation of disulfiram and its copper complex in A549 cells using mass spectrometry. Talanta. 2020 May 01;211:120732 Authors: Lu X, Lin B, Xu N, Huang H, Wang Y, Lin JM Abstract The famous alcohol-aversion drug disulfiram (DSF) is a promising candidate for repurposing in cancer therapy, as indicated by many ongoing and completed clinical trials. Existing researches focus on demonstrating that the anti-cancer activity of DSF is enhanced by copper ions, or solving the problem that DSF is easily decomposed in the body to lose its activity. However, the metabolic kinetics of its...
Source: Talanta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Talanta Source Type: research
Simultaneous detection of salivary Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol and alcohol using a Wearable Electrochemical Ring Sensor. Talanta. 2020 May 01;211:120757 Authors: Mishra RK, Sempionatto JR, Li Z, Brown C, Galdino NM, Shah R, Liu S, Hubble LJ, Bagot K, Tapert S, Wang J Abstract Driving under the influence of cannabis and alcohol represents a major safety concern due to the synergistic or additive effect of these substances of abuse. Hence, rapid road-site testing of these substances is highly desired to reduce risks of fatal accidents. Here we describe a wearable electrochemical sensing device for the...
Source: Talanta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Talanta Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Materials Today: ProceedingsAuthor(s): Binu Varghese, Manju Kurian, S. Krishna, T.S. AthiraAbstractRapid development of biosynthesis of metal nanoparticles using plant extracts has attracted extensive interests to further investigate this novel and eco-friendly method. This investigation discuss about the biochemical synthesis of Copper nanoparticles using Zingiber officinale and Curcuma longa. The extracellular presence of Copper nanoparticles in these rhizomes is characterized by means of UV-Visible Spectroscopy, FTIR and TEM. FTIR spectra show the presence of di...
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: 2020Source: Materials Today: Proceedings, Volume 21, Part 4Author(s): M.K. Sinha, B.R. Das, D. Bharathi, N.E. Prasad, B. Kishore, P. Raj, K. KumarAbstractA comprehensive paper is presented with the actual practical application of nanomaterial as a nanofiber and reported with useful research data for biomedical textiles applications. The present paper is aimed at DMSRDE current nanofiber research and its significant findings, emphasizing more on functional protective capabilities and challenges. Additionally, this paper elucidates current research to introduce bioprotective applications using nanowebs. Thi...
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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