Mount Sinai team diagnoses asthma with nasal brush test

(The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine) Mount Sinai researchers have identified a genetic biomarker of asthma that can be tested for using a simple nasal brush and basic follow-up data analysis. This inexpensive diagnostic test can accurately identify mild to moderate asthma and differentiate it from other respiratory conditions.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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This study examined whether ACE exposure among individuals living in rural areas of the United States is associated with adult activity limitations, self-reported general poor health status, chronic diseases, and poor mental health. Data from the 2011 and 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) (N=79,810) from nine states were used to calculate the prevalence of ACEs in rural and urban areas. ACE scores were determined by summing 11 survey items. Multiple logistic regression was used to examine the association between ACE scores and health outcomes, including self-reported general health status, chronic dis...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research
Authors: Heffler E, Malvezzi L, Boita M, Brussino L, De Virgilio A, Ferrando M, Puggioni F, Racca F, Stomeo N, Spriano GM, Canonica GW Abstract INTRODUCTION: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is a common and quality of life impacting disorder, with an underlying immunological mechanism similar to other conditions such as eosinophilic asthma or atopic eczema. Areas covered: This review article summarises the most recent evidence on the main immunological mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis and the perpetuation of CRSwNP, with a particular focus on the key role of epithelium-derived inflammation a...
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Immunol Source Type: research
(Reuters Health) - There may be a strong connection between asthma and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) that makes people with one condition more likely to develop the other one, a recent study suggests.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
Disclosed are A3 adenosine receptor antagonists and/or partial agonists of formula (I): wherein R1 to R5 are as described herein, as well as pharmaceutical compositions thereof and methods of use thereof. The antagonists or partial agonists find use in treating a number of diseases including cancer, glaucoma, inflammatory diseases, asthma, stroke, myocardial infarction, allergic reactions, rhinitis, poison ivy induced responses, urticaria, scleroderma, arthritis, brain arteriole diameter constriction, bronchoconstriction, and myocardial ischemia, as well as in preventing cardiac ischemia. Also disclosed are radiolabeled co...
Source: NIDDK Research Resources - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Abstract This ecological study used data accumulated between 2001 and 2012 hospital admissions of children under five years of age with asthma in 141 municipalities in the Mato Grosso. Hospital data were extracted from the SIH/SUS system, and hospitalisation rates were estimated using the Bayesian inference method. SaTScan software was used for the calculation of the relative risk (RR). Differences in socioeconomic characteristics among municipalities with high and low hospitalization rates were evaluated by nonparametric Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test. This test indicates that municipalities with better socioeconomic characte...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
Authors: Semenya SS, Maroyi A Abstract To the best of our knowledge there are presently no ethnobotanical surveys focusing on the utilisation of herbal remedies for asthma in South Africa. The present study is therefore an attempt to fill this gap in knowledge. A total of 140 Bapedi traditional healers (THs) practicing in the Capricorn, Sekhukhune, and Waterberg districts of the Limpopo Province (South Africa) were queried using semistructured questionnaires, supplemented by field observations during face-to-face interview. A total of 104 medicinal plant species (92 indigenous and 12 exotics) belonging to 92 genera...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe present study demonstrates that OIE accelerated the wound contraction and reduced mean wound healing time in mice, which may be due to increased collagen and DNA syntheses, reduced lipid peroxidation coupled by NF-κB and COX-II suppression by OIE in the regenerating wounds of mice.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract Once neglected in research and underappreciated in practice, there is renewed interest in bronchiectasis unrelated to cystic fibrosis. Bronchiectasis is a chronic lung disease characterised by chronic cough, sputum production and recurrent pulmonary exacerbations. It is diagnosed radiologically on high resolution computed tomography chest scan by bronchial dilatation (wider than the accompanying artery). The causes of bronchiectasis are diverse and include previous respiratory tract infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, immunodeficiency and connective tissue diseases. A large proporti...
Source: Med J Aust - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
We report a child who presented to the emergency care system with asystole and the caregiver's report of an asthma attack as the preceding event. After unsuccessful attempts at resuscitation, an autopsy was performed by the medical examiner. Despite only scattered bruises with no clear-cut signs of abuse, aortic rupture and spinal fractures were found. This case highlights the crucial role of the medical examiner in evaluating sudden childhood death, even in the setting of underlying illness.
Source: The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology - Category: Forensic Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
Conclusion: The specific inhibition of the Il-4 signaling, through dupimulab that binds the IL-4 α receptor subunit, would be effective in the specific inhibition of the allergic response in patients with allergic dermatitis or asthma.
Source: Current Signal Transduction Therapy - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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