Abnormal microarchitecture and stiffness in postmenopausal women using chronic inhaled glucocorticoids

AbstractSummaryPostmenopausal (PM) women using inhaled glucocorticoids (IGCs) had substantial abnormalities in volumetric BMD (vBMD), microarchitecture, and stiffness using high resolution peripheral computed tomography (HRpQCT) compared to age- and race-matched controls. Abnormalities were most severe at the radius. These preliminary results suggest that there may be major, heretofore unrecognized, skeletal deficits in PM women using IGCs.IntroductionWhile oral glucocorticoids are well recognized to have destructive skeletal effects, less is known about the effects of IGCs. The detrimental skeletal effects of IGCs may be greatest in PM women, in whom they compound negative effects of estrogen loss and aging. The goal of this study was to evaluate microarchitecture and stiffness in PM women using chronic IGCs.MethodsThis case-control study compared PM women using IGCs for ≥ 6 months (n = 20) and controls matched for age and race/ethnicity (n = 60). Skeletal parameters assessed included areal BMD (aBMD) by DXA, trabecular and cortical vBMD and microarchitecture by HRpQCT of the radius and tibia, and whole bone stiffness by finite element analysis.ResultsBy DXA, mean values in both groups were in the osteopenic range; hip aBMD was lower in IGC users (P 
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

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ConclusionThe proposed deep learning-based system demonstrated the potential to automatically perform opportunistic osteoporosis screening using LDCT scans obtained for lung cancer screening.Key Points• Osteoporosis is a prevalent but underdiagnosed condition that can increase the risk of fracture.• A deep learning-based system was developed to fully automate bone mineral density measurement in low-dose chest computed tomography scans.• The developed system achieved high accuracy for automatic opportunistic osteoporosis screening using low-dose chest computed tomography scans obtained for lung cancer screening.
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesTo investigate whether a deep learning model can predict the bone mineral density (BMD) of lumbar vertebrae from unenhanced abdominal computed tomography (CT) images.MethodsIn this Institutional Review Board –approved retrospective study, patients who received both unenhanced CT examinations and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) of the lumbar vertebrae, in two institutions (1 and 2), were included. Supervised deep learning was employed to obtain a convolutional neural network (CNN) model using ax ial CT images, including the lumbar vertebrae as input data and BMD values obtained with DXA as ref...
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
AbstractSummaryLumbar spine volumetric bone mineral density (BMD) measured using quantitative computed tomography (QCT) can discriminate between postmenopausal women with low areal BMD with and without vertebral fractures. QCT provides a 3D measure of BMD, excludes the vertebral posterior elements and accounts for bone size. This knowledge could contribute to effective treatment targeting of patients with low BMD.IntroductionWe evaluated the ability of lumbar spine bone mineral apparent density (BMAD), trabecular bone score (TBS) and volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) to discriminate between postmenopausal women with l...
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Patients at risk for osteoporotic fractures can be identified through their...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AI accurately detects vertebral fractures on CT AAOS: QCT finds low bone density in lumbar fusion patients 3D DEXA enhances hip fracture risk prediction USPSTF reaffirms osteoporosis screening Vertebral CAD aces detection of compression fractures
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
AbstractHereditary hemochromatosis (HHC) is characterized by excessive intestinal iron absorption resulting in a pathological increase of iron levels. Parenchyma damage may be a consequence of iron deposition in affected organs (e.g., liver, pancreas, gonads) as well as bones and joints, leading to osteoporosis with increased fracture risk and arthropathy. Up to date, it is not known whether HHC can also be considered as a risk factor for osteonecrosis. Likewise, the underlying skeletal changes are unknown regarding, e.g., microstructural properties of bone. We aimed to study the spectrum of skeletal complications in HHC a...
Source: Calcified Tissue International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionsHU measurements in CT scans have proven to be a feasible tool to additionally assess bone quality at the lumbar and sacral spine with good sensitivity, when compared with the gold standard DXA.Level of evidenceIII.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
In this study, we considered whether perceived sleep quality is also associated with bone health in older adults. We explored this association in a cohort of 443 older community-dwelling UK adults. Sleep quality was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); poor sleep quality was defined as  >  5 on this score system. Bone density, shape and microarchitecture were assessed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) and high-resolution pQCT (HRpQCT). Thirty-seven percent of men and 43% of women had a PSQI score greater than 5, indicat ive...
Source: Calcified Tissue International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
The aging process is characterized by the chronic inflammatory status called “inflammaging”, which shares major molecular and cellular features with the metabolism-induced inflammation called “metaflammation.” Metaflammation is mainly driven by overnutrition and nutrient excess, but other contributing factors are metabolic modifications related to the specific body composition (BC) changes occurring with age. The aging process is indeed characterized by an increase in body total fat mass and a concomitant decrease in lean mass and bone density, that are independent from general and physiological flu...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractMany individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) rely on wheelchairs as their primary mode of locomotion leading to reduced weight-bearing on the lower extremities, which contributes to severe bone loss and increased risk of fragility fractures. Engaging in a walking program may reverse this vicious cycle, as this promotes lower extremity weight-bearing and mobility, which may reduce bone loss and fragility fracture risk. However, fragility fracture risk associated with the use of wearable robotic exoskeletons (WREs) in individuals with SCI needs consideration. A 35-year-old man with chronic complete sensorimotor SCI...
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionsCombined application of HA and SV improves bone regeneration in mandibular critical bone defects compared with application of HA alone in healthy, diabetic, and osteoporotic rats.Clinical relevanceThis study might help to patients with osteoporosis or uncontrolled diabetes type 1, but future studies should be done.
Source: Clinical Oral Investigations - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
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