A major step towards individualized cancer therapy

(Kyoto University) Fuyuhiko Tamanoi of Kyoto University's Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (iCeMS) and colleagues in the US succeeded in establishing a versatile, powerful and convenient model to analyze human cancer.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Related Links:

Publication date: 23 April 2019Source: Cell Reports, Volume 27, Issue 4Author(s): Erin E. Mulkearns-Hubert, Luke A. Torre-Healy, Daniel J. Silver, Jennifer T. Eurich, Defne Bayik, Emily Serbinowski, Masahiro Hitomi, John Zhou, Bartlomiej Przychodzen, Renliang Zhang, Samuel A. Sprowls, James S. Hale, Tyler J. Alban, Artem Berezovsky, Brent A. Bell, Paul R. Lockman, Babal K. Jha, Justin D. LathiaSummaryGap-junction-mediated cell-cell communication enables tumor cells to synchronize complex processes. We previously found that glioblastoma cancer stem cells (CSCs) express higher levels of the gap junction protein Cx46 compared...
Source: Cell Reports - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Discussion: The data reviewed here show successful treatment on biologics despite concurrent malignancy, though confirmatory research is needed. J Drugs Dermatol. 2019;18(4):387-390. PMID: 31013012 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Drugs Dermatol Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2019Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 102Author(s): Pankaj Dwivedi, Shuya Han, Farhana Mangrio, Rong Fan, Monika Dwivedi, Zhiqiang Zhu, Fangsheng Huang, Qiang Wu, Renuka Khatik, David E. Cohn, Ting Si, Shuiying Hu, Alex Sparreboom, Ronald X. XuAbstractOvarian cancer is one of the most lethal gynecologic malignancies due to its rapid proliferation, frequent acquisition of chemoresistance, and widespread metastasis within the peritoneal cavity. Intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy has demonstrated significant anti-cancer potential but its broad clinical application is hindered by s...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
The ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related (ATR) checkpoint kinase 1 (CHK1) pathway plays an essential role in suppressing replication stress from DNA damage and oncogene activation.
Source: Journal of Hematology and Oncology - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Merck&Co Inc's cancer therapy Keytruda (pembrolizumab) as part of a combination therapy for previously untreated patients with the most common type of kidney cancer, the company said on Monday.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news
Yi-Cheng Gao, Xiong-Hui Zhou* and Wen Zhang* Hubei Key Laboratory of Agricultural Bioinformatics, College of Informatics, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China Due to the high heterogeneity and complexity of cancer, it is still a challenge to predict the prognosis of cancer patients. In this work, we used a clustering algorithm to divide patients into different subtypes in order to reduce the heterogeneity of the cancer patients in each subtype. Based on the hypothesis that the gene co-expression network may reveal relationships among genes, some communities in the network could influence the prognosis o...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study demonstrated a rapid improvement of many symptoms in the subacute post-operative period in pituitary tumor patients. Disturbed sleep was identified as the only symptom to worsen post-operatively, encouraging potential prospective interventions to improve sleep, and subsequently improve the QOL in pituitary tumor patients following surgical intervention. Introduction Pituitary tumors are relatively rare primary central nervous system (CNS) tumors in adults (1) but make up 10% of all neurosurgical interventions in the United States (2). They are often an incidental finding in autopsies and brain...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study suggests a potential role for cfDNA for the early identification of lung cancer in patients with CT-detected pulmonary lesions. Importantly, a substantial number of somatic variants in healthy patients with benign pulmonary nodules were also found. Such “benign” variants, while largely unexplored to date, have widespread relevance to all liquid biopsies if cfDNA is to be used accurately for cancer detection. Introduction Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States (1). Most patients present with advanced disease with limited cure potential. The N...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Ginevra Doglioni1,2†, Sweta Parik1,2† and Sarah-Maria Fendt1,2* 1Laboratory of Cellular Metabolism and Metabolic Regulation, VIB-KU Leuven Center for Cancer Biology, VIB, Leuven, Belgium 2Laboratory of Cellular Metabolism and Metabolic Regulation, Department of Oncology, KU Leuven and Leuven Cancer Institute, Leuven, Belgium Metastasis formation is the leading cause of death in cancer patients. Thus, understanding and targeting this process is an unmet need. Crucial steps during the establishment of metastases include the (pre)metastatic niche formation. This process relies on the interaction of th...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we showed hypermethylation of CpGs as a novel mechanism of action for DNMTi agents and identified 638 hypermethylated molecular targets (CpGs) common to decitabine and azacytidine therapy. These novel results suggest that hypermethylation of CpGs should be considered when predicting the DNMTi responses and side effects in cancer patients. Introduction DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTi) are widely used as chemical tools for hypomethylating the genome, with an aim to understand the role of DNA methylation in multiple processes (e.g., X-chromosome inactivation and DNA imprinting) and as an anti-ca...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
More News: Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Cancer Therapy