World Asthma Day: UK Asthma Deaths Rise 20%

World Asthma Day: UK Asthma Deaths Rise 20%Tue, 05/01/2018 - 13:35News blog
Source: The Aspergillus Website - updates - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: news

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This article describes 3 cases of IPA. Two patients had a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma, and the other patient had no underlying diseases. The Aspergillus fumigatus gene was found in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in all three cases by NGS. This report explores the role of NGS in the diagnosis of IPA and emphasizes that IPA may occur in non-neutropenic patients. PMID: 31105860 [PubMed]
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The use of multiple recombinant antigens may improve the diagnostic accuracy in CF complicated with ABPA or AB. Asp f1 reactivity may relate to the presence of actively growing Aspergillus spp., which might be a useful marker for guiding antifungal therapy in ABPA. PMID: 31090534 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
Aspergillus is the causative agent of human diseases ranging from asthma to invasive infection. Genetic and environmental factors are crucial in regulating the interaction between the host and Aspergillus. The role played by the enzyme indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1), which catalyzes the first and rate-limiting step of tryptophan catabolism along the kynurenine pathway, is increasingly being recognized, but whether and how genetic variation of IDO1 influences the risk of aspergillosis in susceptible patients is incompletely understood. In addition, whether the closely related protein IDO2 plays a similar role remains ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Date: Wednesday, May 1, 2019Year: 2019Location: 5601 Fishers Lane Conference Room 1D13 Rockville, MD 20852Content-type: current_conferences
Source: The Aspergillus Website - updates - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: news
Conclusions In conclusion, articles in this Research Topic made a very significant contribution to our understanding of the role played by environmental factors, dysbiotic conditions, and infections in triggering diseases. Since this is a rapidly expanding area of research, many other factors contributing to the onset of these diseases are not covered here. We are confident, however, that further studies will expand the list as well as bring a better understanding of mechanisms involved in the onset of autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases. Author Contributions All authors listed have made a substantial, direct and i...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study, we attempted to find a DNA extraction protocol which could be effectively used to analyze both the bacterial and fungal community. We evaluated the effect of five DNA extraction methods (QIAamp DNA Stool Mini Kit, PureLinkTM Microbiome DNA Purification Kit, ZR Fecal DNA MiniPrepTM Kit, NucleoSpin® DNA Stool Kit, and IHMS protocol Q) on bacterial and fungal gut microbiome recovery using (i) a defined system of germ-free mice feces spiked with bacterial or fungal strains, and (ii) non-spiked human feces. In our experimental setup, we confirmed that the examined methods significantly differed in efficiency ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study was supported by grants from GSK and the UK Medical Research Council (U105178805). Conflict of Interest Statement AM has grant funding from GSK and AstraZeneca/MedImmune. MB, DJ, AP, DT, and AvO are employees of GSK. The remaining authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Acknowledgments We are grateful to the Ares staff, genotyping facility, and flow cytometry core for their technical assistance. We thank Jen Walker for advice on the manuscript. Supplementary Material The Supplem...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Tests using allergen components were useful for ABPA diagnosis. Both IgE and IgG were highly cross-reactive among the Aspergillus species. There were many patients apart from asthmatic patients with ABPA, who displayed high Aspergillus IgG values. PMID: 30943819 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Asthma - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 30903663 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Eur J Immunol Source Type: research
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis is an immunologic pulmonary disorder caused by hypersensitivity to Aspergillus fumigatus. This disorder is most commonly seen in patients with poorly controlled asthma and cystic fibrosis. It is rarely reported in chronic granulomatous disease patients; however, there are no cases reported with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the English literature. Herein, we report a patient with chronic granulomatous disease who had hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and subsequently developed allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Hematology Oncology - Category: Hematology Tags: Online Articles: Clinical and Laboratory Observations Source Type: research
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