Tinnitus, depression, anxiety, and suicide in recent veterans: a retrospective analysis - Martz E, Jelleberg C, Dougherty DD, Wolters C, Schneiderman A.

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this project was to investigate whether there is an association between tinnitus diagnosis and suicide and whether depression and anxiety strengthen that association. Given that tinnitus is the top service-connected disability am...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

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This study used an operant conditioning animal model to examine the interaction between tinnitus and auditory vigilant attention as well as auditory selective attention. Tinnitus was induced in 90-day-old rats by a unilateral exposure to band-limited noise (120 dB, SPL). Tinnitus testing began 90 days following exposure; afterward animals were divided into 3 groups: Unexposed controls without tinnitus, Exposed without tinnitus, and Exposed with tinnitus. Tinnitus was evident in the vicinity of 20 kHz. Vigilant attention was quantified by the behavioral (operant) response to unpredictable sound transitions signaling changes...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
In conclusion, hindlimb rhythmic and alternated pedaling of different durations affects distinct dorsal and ventral spinal networks by modulating excitatory and inhibitory input to motoneurons. These results suggest defining new parameters for effective neurorehabilitation that better exploits spinal circuit activity.
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2018Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Aaron E. Miller, Xianhao Xu, Richard Macdonell, Steve Vucic, Philippe Truffinet, Myriam Benamor, Karthinathan Thangavelu, Mark S. FreedmanAbstractIn the phase 3 TOWER (NCT00751881) study, teriflunomide 14 mg significantly reduced annualized relapse rate (ARR) and risk of 12-week confirmed disability worsening (12-w CDW) vs placebo in patients with relapsing forms of MS (RMS). The TOWER population included an appreciable proportion of Asian patients. Reductions in ARR and 12-w CDW associated with teriflunomide 14 mg were...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There are significant knowledge gaps on effective self-management interventions for pain and depression post-SCI. There is a need to develop interventions that are multi-faceted, which include both pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies to address multimorbidity. PMID: 30335601 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Subjects with sABI showed vitamin D deficiency that might correlate to disability severity. The reason is unclear and might represent a secondary phenomenon resulting from the inflammatory process. PMID: 30339483 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe results showed that the WHOQOL-BREF has sound psychometric properties and can be used to measure QOL in Singapore.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study has shown that psychosocial dimensions of HRQoL have the greatest ability to capture the impact of depression when compared with dimensions of capability wellbeing and SWB. Some MAUIs, such as the AQoL-8D, are sensitive to most distinguishing dimensions of HRQoL and wellbeing, which may obviate the need for supplementary wellbeing instruments.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Purpose: The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate acceptability by new mothers of postpartum depression (PPD) screening and education about community resources by hospital-based perinatal nurses. A secondary purpose was to determine further screening for PPD that women received by community providers in the first few weeks after birth. Methods: The study design was descriptive. As per standard practice on the unit, all new mothers were screened for depression the night before hospital discharge using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). New mothers identified as high risk for depression by EPDS sc...
Source: MCN: The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Feature Source Type: research
Introduction: During the postpartum period, women may have changes in their mental health and experience postpartum mood disorders. Postpartum depression (PPD) is an especially prevalent postpartum mood disorder, affecting 10% to 15% of new mothers. Although PPD has detrimental effects on women's health, it can also affect maternal–infant attachment, bonding, and interaction, which influence the maternal–infant relationship and can lead to poor outcomes for infants later in life. The purpose of this review is to identify effective strategies for improving the maternal–infant relationship for mothers wit...
Source: MCN: The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Feature Source Type: research
Authors: Van den Bergh N, Hoorelbeke K, De Raedt R, Koster EHW Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite several available evidence-based interventions for major depression relapse rates remain high and relapse prevention programs are still scarce. In order to increase effectiveness, novel techniques that target underlying vulnerability factors may be a promising avenue. Depression is associated with impairments in executive functioning, which is in turn associated with poor psychosocial outcomes and more Repetitive Negative Thinking (RNT), a key vulnerability factor for relapse. This paper examines deficits in cognitive control...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Tags: Expert Rev Neurother Source Type: research
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