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Parents want children to be labelled autistic

Let me make one thing clear: I do not doubt the existence of ADHD, but today, I believe such conditions are vastly, and dangerously, over-diagnosed, writes DR MIKE SHOOTER.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Abstract Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are commonly comorbid, share genetic liability, and often exhibit overlapping cognitive impairments. Clarification of shared and distinct cognitive effects while considering comorbid symptoms across disorders has been lacking. In the current study, children ages 7-15 years assigned to three diagnostic groups:ADHD (n = 509), ASD (n = 97), and controls (n = 301) completed measures spanning the cognitive domains of attention/arousal, working memory, set-shifting, inhibition, and r...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research
Authors: Cunningham AC, Delport S, Cumines W, Busse M, Linden DEJ, Hall J, Owen MJ, van den Bree MBM Abstract BACKGROUND: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is associated with high rates of neurodevelopmental disorder, however, the links between developmental coordination disorder (DCD), intellectual function and psychiatric disorder remain unexplored. Aims To establish the prevalence of indicative DCD in children with 22q11.2DS and examine associations with IQ, neurocognition and psychopathology. METHOD: Neurocognitive assessments and psychiatric interviews of 70 children with 22q11.2DS (mean age 11.2, s.d....
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
The two conditions often coincide, but the search for common biological roots turns up conflicting evidence -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
Source: Scientific American - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Mind Behavior & Society Cognition Neuroscience Source Type: research
This study investigated school functions in youths with ASD in Taiwan, stratified by personal characteristics including demographics, ASD subtypes, intelligence profiles, and the presence of attention‐deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We recruited 160 youths (aged 6–18 years, 87.5% boys) with a clinical diagnosis of ASD and 160 age and gender‐matched typically developing (TD) youths. Their parents received a semi‐structured psychiatric interview for their ASD and ADHD diagnoses and reported their school functions. Youths with ASD were further grouped into low‐functioning autism (LFA, ASD with intellectua...
Source: Autism Research - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Background: Toe walking (TW) in children is often idiopathic in origin. Our purpose was to determine the incidence of a neurological etiology for TW in patients seen in the neurology clinic after referral from pediatric orthopaedic surgeons. Methods: We performed an Institutional Review Board approved retrospective review of 174 patients referred to the neurology clinic from orthopaedic surgeons at an academic pediatric tertiary care center between January 2010 and September 2015. Medical records were reviewed and data recorded including pertinent family history, birth history, age of initial ambulation, physical exam...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Lower Extremity Source Type: research
Abstract We compared the maternal reports on mothering and family processes between 160 youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and 160 age and gender-matched typically developing (TD) youth stratified by personal characteristics from Taiwan. The ASD groups consisted of 51 'typical autism' (TA), 52 'high-functioning autism' (HFA), and 57 'Asperger syndrome (AS).' Maternal reports showed that youth with ASD obtained less affection and more protection from the mother, and had less active mother-child interactions and more behavioral problems at home. Their mothers perceived less family support when compared to mot...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research
Conclusions It is necessary to raise awareness among all health care professionals so that they understand the relevance of these manifestations, are able to anticipate them, and can provide appropriate information to patients and family members.
Source: Neurologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These findings re-emphasize the role of reactive inhibition in children with ADHD and ADHD symptoms. Moreover, our findings stress the importance of a trans-diagnostic approach to the relationship between behavior and neuropsychology. PMID: 29415788 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that common deficits across neuropsychiatric disorders cannot simply be characterized as arising out of local changes in cortical grey matter, but rather as entities of both local and systemic alterations targeting brain networks. PMID: 29402375 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Psychiatry Neurosci Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewGiven the high rates of pediatric and adult obesity, it is imperative to identify early risk factors that might contribute to excess weight gain. This review aims to investigate the relationship between childhood behavioral problems with the development and persistence of obesity. Specifically, this review highlights the association of obesity with (1) neurocognitive constructs, such as executive functioning and inhibition/impulsivity, and (2) disorders commonly diagnosed in childhood, including attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD).Recent FindingsConsis...
Source: Current Obesity Reports - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
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