Post-Partum Depression: A Clinical, Not Legal, Issue

(MedPage Today) -- California case has experts calling for better provider education
Source: MedPage Today OB/GYN - Category: OBGYN Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 20 September 2018Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Laurie J Hannigan, Espen Moen Eilertsen, Line C Gjerde, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Thalia C Eley, Fruhling V Rijsdijk, Eivind Ystrom, Tom A McAdamsSummaryBackgroundMaternal prenatal depression is a known risk factor for early-life psychopathology among offspring; however, potential risk transmission mechanisms need to be distinguished. We aimed to test the relative importance of passive genetic transmission, direct exposure, and indirect exposure in the association between maternal prenatal depressive symptoms and early-life internali...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the thermoregulatory profile of adult male Wistar rats submitted to early-life stress by maternal separation (MS). On postnatal days 2 to 14, rats were submitted daily to MS for 3 hours per day. At 3-4 months of age, anxiety-like behavior was evaluated using the open field test and elevated plus maze, depression-like behavior was evaluated using the forced swim test and thermoregulatory profile were also evaluated. In the behavioral tests, MS animals exhibited anxiety- and depression-like behaviors, and had higher core body temperatures during dark period of the circadian cycle, whe...
Source: Journal of Thermal Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
During pregnancy, approximately one in five women experience clinically significant symptoms of anxiety and depression, and one in six meet diagnostic criteria for an anxiety and/or major depressive disorder (MDD; Becker, Weinberger, Chandy and Schmukler, 2016; Dennis, Falah-Hassani and Shiri, 2017). Antenatal anxiety and depression are robust predictors of postpartum depression (Austin, Tully and Parker, 2007; Milgrom et al., 2008), and if left untreated, are associated with a range of adverse outcomes for both the mother and infant (e.g., reduced antenatal care; increased risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, and late...
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research paper Source Type: research
Obesity is a highly prevalent comorbidity of affective disorders that has been shown to predict unfavorable outcomes in major depressive disorder (MDD) patients (de Wit et al., 2010; Kloiber et al., 2007; Luppino et al., 2010; Opel et al., 2015b; World Health Organization, 2014). In turn, findings indicating that both maternal depression and family history of obesity might increase the risk of non-response to weight-regulating interventions further corroborate the notion of a reciprocal link between obesity and depression and point to the relevance of shared genetic factors in the etiology of both conditions (Epstein et al...
Source: Psychoneuroendocrinology - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Placentophagy, or the practice of placental consumption, has grown in popularity over the past decade. Although advocates endorse prevention of postpartum depression, increased breastmilk production, reduction in postpartum bleeding and provision of nutrients postpartum, scientific studies have failed to demonstrate benefit. No studies have explored the impact of placental hormone consumption on the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis of the offspring.
Source: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Source Type: research
We examined whether maternal depression during early childhood was associated with offspring internalizing problems in adolescence, and the extent to which negative parenting, peer victimization, and poor friendship quality during middle childhood mediated this association.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: New Research Source Type: research
AbstractIntroduction Although home-visiting programs typically engage families during pregnancy, few studies have examined maternal and child health outcomes during the antenatal and newborn period and fewer have demonstrated intervention impacts. Illinois has developed an innovative model in which programs utilizing evidence-based home-visiting models incorporate community doulas who focus on childbirth education, breastfeeding, pregnancy health, and newborn care. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) examines the impact of doula-home-visiting on birth outcomes, postpartum maternal and infant health, and newborn care pra...
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Recently, broader autism phenotype (BAP) has been the focus of research studies. BAP refers to the expression of behavioral and cognitive dispositions similar to autism spectrum disorders, but at subthreshold levels (Asano et al., 2014; Dawson et al., 2007). Previous studies revealed that individuals with BAP had deficits in social motivation and communication; impairments in facial processing and executive functioning; and lower levels of motor imitation and language (Asano et al., 2014; Dawson et al., 2002; 2005; Piven et al., 1997; Sucksmith, et al., 2011).
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research paper Source Type: research
Distribution of the neuropeptide calcitonin gene-related peptide-α of tooth germ during formation of the mouse mandible. Ann Anat. 2018 Sep 18;: Authors: Maeda Y, Miwa Y, Sato I Abstract Calcitonin gene-related peptide-α (CGRPα) is a neurotransmitter that is related to bone formation during development. However, CGRP expression is not well known to affect the formation of teeth during development. During tooth germ development, the relationships among CGRPα, calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CRLR), amelogenin (AMELX), dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), osteopontin (OPN) and os...
Source: Annals of Anatomy - Category: Anatomy Authors: Tags: Ann Anat Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS The high prevalence of depressive symptomatology in rural residents indicates the relevance of depression as an important public health problem in this population. Specific attention should be aimed at the subgroups that presented the highest prevalence of symptomatology.RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar a preval ência e os fatores demográficos, socioeconômicos, comportamentais e de saúde associados à sintomatologia depressiva em moradores na zona rural. MÉTODOS Estudo transversal de base populacional realizado com amostra representativa de 1.453 residentes na zona rural do munic&i...
Source: Revista de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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