Impact of Abdominal Wall Hernias and Repair on Patient Quality of Life

AbstractBackgroundThe modified Activities Assessment Scale (AAS) is a 13-question abdominal wall quality of life (AW-QOL) survey validated in patients undergoing ventral hernia repair (VHR). No studies have assessed AW-QOL among individuals without abdominal wall pathology. The minimal clinically important difference (MCID) of the modified AAS and its implications for the threshold at which VHR should be offered also remain unknown. Our objectives were to (1) establish the AW-QOL of patients with a clinical abdominal wall hernia versus those with no hernia, (2) determine the MCID of the modified AAS, and (3) identify the baseline quality of life (QOL) score at which patients derive little clinical benefit from VHR.MethodsPatient-centered outcomes data for all patients presenting to General Surgery and Hernia Clinics October –December 2016 at a single safety-net institution were collected via a prospective, cross-sectional observational study design. Primary outcome was QOL measured using the modified AAS. Secondary outcome was the MCID.ResultsPatients with no hernia had modified AAS scores of 81.6 (50.4 –94.4), while patients with a clinically apparent hernia had lower modified AAS scores of 31.4 (12.6–58.7) (p 
Source: World Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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This study examined the safety and efficacy when repairing defects in 2 anatomical structures (hiatus and lower esophageal sphincter) in a concomitant set of procedures in patients with hiatal hernias between 2 and 5 cm. Methods. Prospective data were collected from 99 patients who underwent hiatal hernia repair followed immediately by the TIF procedure (HH + -TIF). GERD-HRQL (Health-Related Quality of Life), RSI (Reflux Symptom Index), and GERSS (Gastroesophageal Reflux Symptom Score) questionnaires were administered before the procedure and mailed at 6 and 12 months. Results. Ninety-nine patients were enrolled, and all w...
Source: Surgical Innovation - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Surg Innov Source Type: research
ConclusionA high number of patients present emergently for groin hernia repair at a county hospital in Guatemala compared to developed countries. Our data suggest that emergent hernias are likely the result of patient-related issues rather than health care system limitations.
Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractObjectiveIn this systematic review, we evaluated all literature reporting on the surgical treatment of primary epigastric hernias, primarily focusing on studies comparing laparoscopic and open repair, and mesh reinforcement and suture repair.MethodsA literature search was conducted in Embase.com, PubMed and the Cochrane Library up to 24 April 2019. This review explicitly excluded literature on incisional hernias, ventral hernias not otherwise specified, and isolated (para)umbilical hernias. Primary outcome measures of interest were early and late postoperative complications.ResultsWe  obtained a total of ...
Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
Fundoplication is performed routinely during laparoscopic repairs of a paraesophageal hernia, but the degree of fundoplication remains controversial. The purpose of this study is to assess postoperative dysphagia and reflux after a Dor versus a Nissen fundoplication in patients undergoing laparoscopic repair of giant paraesophageal hernias.
Source: Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsUse of different surgical approaches and types of repair for primary presentations of femoral hernia did not affect the recurrence rate or time to recurrence. Use of a pre-peritoneal mesh did not alter the recurrence rate or recurrence free survival, in either elective or emergency settings, compared to simple suture repair. Recurrence following primary femoral hernia repair tends to occur within the first post-operative year, suggesting that technical factors may be as important as suture or mesh failure.
Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionThe PINCH-Phone appears a simple and valuable screenings method for recurrences after incisional hernia repair and, hence, is recommended for implementation.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsPatient-reported symptoms and satisfaction did not vary for patients receiving laparoscopic Nissen versus Toupet fundoplication, which may indicate that patients with large type III and IV hiatal hernia undergoing either procedure have similar long-term postoperative symptom control.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsBD does not consistently result in 15-min time saving during TEP. Use of a disposable balloon dissector can be deferred in the experienced hands.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03276871).
Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
Congenital hernias, frequently misdiagnosed during pregnancy, are potentially fatal and require prompt repair. A pregnant woman with medical history of repaired congenital hernia was admitted with misdiagnosis of preeclampsia. Physical examination and chest x-ray revealed a Bochdalek hernia. Transitory stabilization prompted surgeons to postpone hernia repair, but an urgent thoracotomy was required to relieve a subsequent bowel obstruction that was complicated by an intrathoracic colonic perforation. Emergent cesarean delivery was required with a good maternal and fetal outcome. A multidisciplinary team was present in the ...
Source: A&A Case Reports - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
This study is a retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database of all patients with groin hernia who underwent TEP repair in a single surgical unit between January 2004 and January 2018. Patients’ demographic profile and hernia characteristics (duration, side, extent, content, and reducibility) were noted in the prestructured proforma. Clinical outcomes included the operation time, intraoperative and postoperative complications, length of postoperative hospital stay, hernia recurrence, chronic pain, recurrence, seroma, and wound infections. Long-term follow-up was carried out in the outpatient departme...
Source: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy and Percutaneous Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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