Exploring the Impact of COVID-19 on Progress Towards Achieving Global Surgery Goals
ConclusionsIf robust progress towards global surgery goals for 2030 is to continue, the stress points identified should be reinforced. An ongoing process of reappraisal and fortification will keep surgical systems in low- and middle-income countries responsive to “old threats and new challenges”. Multiple opportunities exist to help realise the dream of surgical systems resilient to external shocks. (Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Comparison of Lobectomy and Total Thyroidectomy in Unilateral Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma Patients with Ipsilateral Lateral Lymph Node Metastasis Without Gross Extrathyroidal Extension
AbstractBackgroundLateral lymph node metastasis (LLNM) occurs in a few of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) cases by the time of diagnosis. Total thyroidectomy (TT) is recommended in the 2015 American Thyroid Association guidelines as the initial surgical procedure for thyroid carcinoma patients with clinically apparent cervical lymph node metastasis. However, none of the controlled studies have focused on the proper extent of surgery for patients who have PTMC with concomitant LLNM without gross extrathyroidal extension (ETE).MethodsA total of 2373 consecutive patients with PTMC were retrospectively reviewed. Finall...
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

A 16-year Longitudinal Cohort Study of Incidence and Bacteriology of Necrotising Fasciitis in England
ConclusionThe incidence of NF increased markedly from 2002 to 2017 although in-hospital mortality did not change. There was a gradual shift in the causative organisms from Gram-positive to Gram-negative. (Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

A Survey of Perceptions of Surgical Trainees on Feedback During Training in West Africa
ConclusionsThis study has shown that many of the trainees lack opportunity of giving feedback on their training but considered feedback critical to their training. Trainees would like to give feedback on patient care, curriculum, learning environment and operative room experience. Trainee feedback should be encouraged in surgical training in West Africa. (Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Consensus Guidelines for Perioperative Care in Neonatal Intestinal Surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS ® ) Society Recommendations
DiscussionWe have developed a comprehensive, evidence-based ERAS guideline for neonates undergoing intestinal resection surgery. This guideline, and its creation process, provides a foundation for future ERAS guideline development and can ultimately lead to improved perioperative care across a variety of pediatric surgical specialties. (Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Hazardous Postoperative Outcomes of Unexpected COVID-19 Infected Patients: A Call for Global Consideration of Sampling all Asymptomatic Patients Before Surgical Treatment
ConclusionsCOVID-19 may have potential hazardous implications on the perioperative course. Our review presents results of unacceptable mortality rate and a high rate of severe complications. These observations warrant further well-designed studies, yet we believe it is time for a global consideration of sampling all asymptomatic patients before surgical treatment. (Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor: Obesity is Associated with Worse Outcomes Among Abdominal Trauma Patients Undergoing Laparotomy: A Propensity-Matched Nationwide Cohort Study
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor: Global Initiative for Children ’s Surgery: 2020 Implementation and the Way Forward
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

The IAES-Supported Malaysian Breast and Endocrine Surgery Course: 7  Years of Successful Collaborative Teaching
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Listening to Music to Improve Laparoscopic Learning Performance? Great but Which One?
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Invited Commentary: “Consensus Guidelines for Perioperative Care in Neonatal Intestinal Surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society Recommendations”
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Authors ’ Reply: O 2 No Longer the GO 2 : A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Comparing the Effects of Giving Perioperative Oxygen Therapy of 30% FiO 2 to 80% FiO 2 on Surgical Site Infection and Mortality
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Invited Commentary: Extrathyroidal Extension on Preoperative Ultrasonography of Thyroid Lesions
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Letter to The Editor: COVID-19: Looking South and East in the World for Guidance
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Author ’s Reply: Emergency Department Versus Operating Suite Intubation in Operative Trauma Patients: Does Location Matter?
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Authors ’ Reply: Obesity is Associated with Worse Outcomes Among Abdominal Trauma Patients Undergoing Laparotomy: A Propensity-Matched Nationwide Cohort Study
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor: O 2 No Longer the Go 2 : A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Comparing the Effects of Giving Perioperative Oxygen Therapy of 30% FiO 2 to 80% FiO 2 on Surgical Site Infection and Mortality
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Correction to: Twelve Hundred Consecutive Pancreato-Duodenectomies from Single Centre: Impact of Centre of Excellence on Pancreatic Cancer Surgery Across India
The authors ’ affiliations are updated as reflected here. (Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor: Emergency Department Versus Operating Suite Intubation in Operative Trauma Patients: Does Location Matter?
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Mortality of Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Trauma Patients: A Systematic Review over a Period of Four Decades
ConclusionIn this systematic review, there was no change in the mortality rate over the last four decades, no geographical difference within Western societies, no dependence on the ARDS definition used and no association with injury severity, respectively. (Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Implementation Analysis of a Perioperative Patient Safety Program in Guatemala
DiscussionOur analysis highlights several dominant themes which affect the implementation of a perioperative safety program in Guatemala. Understanding the barriers and facilitators to implementation during program deployment allows for program modification and improvement of the implementation process itself. (Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Defining Major Surgery: A Delphi Consensus Among European Surgical Association (ESA) Members
ConclusionESA experts defined major surgery according to extent and complexity of the procedure, its pathophysiological consequences and consecutive clinical outcomes. (Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

We Asked the Experts: How Do We Maintain Surgical Quality Standards for Enhanced Recovery Programs After Cancer Surgery During the COVID-19 Outbreak?
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Author ’s Reply: Reoperation for Bleeding After Thyroid and Parathyroid Surgery: Incidence, Risk Factors, Prevention, and Management
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Enhanced Recovery in Patients Selected for Pancreatoduodenectomy: Standardization of Care Improves Patient Outcomes
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Must the Surgeons Move Toward Single-Incision Laparoscopic Surgery Given its Cosmetic Benefits?
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

We Asked the Experts: Virtual Learning in Surgical Education During the COVID-19 Pandemic —Shaping the Future of Surgical Education and Training
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Sex Disparities in the Global Burden of Surgical Disease
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor: Reoperation for Bleeding After Thyroid and Parathyroid Surgery: Incidence, Risk Factors, Prevention, and Management
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Aerosol box, An Operating Room Security Measure in COVID-19 Pandemic
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Percutaneous Microwave Ablation for Benign, Symptomatic Thyroid Nodules: Wave of the Future?
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Author ’s Reply: Laparoscopic Versus Open Complete Mesocolon Excision in Right Colon Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Authors ’ Reply: Characteristics of Intestinal Volvulus and Risk of Mortality in Malawi
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Correction to: Advanced Modeling to Predict Pneumonia in Combat Trauma Patients
In the original article, the units indicated on the y-axes of Fig.  3 are incorrectly labelled. The correct label is pg/mL. Following is the corrected Fig. 3. (Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

In Depth: Determining Optimal Central Venous Catheter Length During Insertion
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Letter to Editor: The Significance of Histologically “Large Normal” Parathyroid Glands in Primary Hyperparathyroidism
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor: Characteristics of Intestinal Volvulus and Risk of Mortality in Malawi
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

How Can We Predict the Recovery from Pitch Lowering After Thyroidectomy?
ConclusionA reduction in the speaking fundamental frequency (SFF)  >  19.6 Hz at 2 weeks post-operatively predicted persisting lowering of voice pitch after thyroidectomy among those with lower-pitched voices after surgery. Pre-operative high SFF and post-operative stroboscopic findings including vocal cord asymmetry at 2 weeks post-operatively also predicted pe rsisting lowering of voice pitch for 3 months. (Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 2, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Operative Case Volume Minimums Necessary for Surgical Training Throughout Rural Africa
ConclusionsThe surveyed surgeons highlighted the need for diverse surgical training with minimum exposures. They described increased need for cases reflecting regional variations with a desire for more experience in categories less common at their institutions. (Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - June 2, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Multicenter Validation of the Revised Assessment of Bleeding and Transfusion (RABT) Score for Predicting Massive Transfusion
ConclusionThe RABT score is a valid tool to predict MT in severely injured trauma patients. It is an objective score that aids clinicians in predicting the need for MT to mobilize blood products and minimize the waste of resources. (Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - April 29, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Surgical Complications in Children with CDH: A Multivariate Analysis
This study aims to determine the contribution different medical and surgical treatments have had on the development of surgical complications.MethodAll CDH patients treated in a single centre between 2000 and 2015 were retrospectively evaluated. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate the independent effects of several treatment options that could influence the surgical outcome by adjustment for multiple risk factors.ResultsSixty of the 197 surgically repaired CDH patients had surgical complications. There were more haemorrhagic complications in the ECMO compared to non-ECMO group (27% vs. 2%,p 
Source: World Journal of Surgery - April 29, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Beta-Blocker Therapy in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial
ConclusionPropranolol decreases in-hospital mortality and improves long-term functional outcome in isolated severe TBI. This randomized trial speaks in favor of routine administration of beta-blocker therapy as part of a standardized neurointensive care protocol.Level of evidenceLevel II; therapeutic.Study typeTherapeutic study. (Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - April 29, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Short- and Long-Term Outcomes of Right-Sided Diverticulitis: Over 15 Years of North American Experience
AbstractBackgroundRight-sided colonic diverticulitis represents less than 5% of diverticulitis cases in North America. The purpose of this study was to describe the management and outcomes for patients with a first episode of right-sided diverticulitis in a North American center.MethodsThis was a retrospective cohort study, including all patients managed for right-sided diverticulitis at a single tertiary-care institution from 2000 to 2017. Patient demographics, disease characteristics, and treatment strategies were described. Short- (emergency surgery, operative morbidity, treatment failure) and long-term (recurrence, ele...
Source: World Journal of Surgery - April 29, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Upper Esophageal Sphincter Motility and Thoracic Pressure are Determinants of Pressurized Waves in Achalasia Subtypes According to the Chicago Classification
ConclusionsBasal esophageal pressurization and the UES are independent variables that may be associated with pressurized waves. (Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - April 29, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Older Age Significantly Affects Mortality of Patients with Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Only When They Have High-Risk Features
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between cause-specific survival (CSS) following PTC and the extent of old age.MethodsWe enrolled 4692 patients aged  ≥ 55 years with PTC who underwent surgery between 1989 and 2009 at Kuma Hospital (median follow-up period 140 months). The presence of at least one of the following was used to classify the patients as high risk: (1) tumor sizes >  4 cm, (2) node metastasis ≥ 3 cm, (3) significant extrathyroid extension corresponding to T4a, (4) extranodal tumor extension, and (5) distant metastasis. T1N0M0...
Source: World Journal of Surgery - April 29, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

We Asked the Experts: How Can One Troubleshoot Loss of Intraoperative Nerve Monitoring During Head and Neck Surgery?
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - April 29, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

We Asked the Experts: Covid-19 Outbreak: Is There Still a Place for Scheduled Surgery? “Reflection from Pathophysiological Data”
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - April 29, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Invited Commentary on: Beta-Blocker Therapy in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial
(Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - April 29, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Correction to: Effectiveness of Topical Insulin Dressings in Management of Diabetic Foot Ulcers
In the original article, Mehreen K. Bhettani ’s last name and Mubarik Rehman’s first name are misspelled. (Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - April 29, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

One-Step Multichannel Percutaneous Transhepatic Cholangioscopic Lithotripsy Applied in Bilateral Hepatolithiasis
ConclusionsCompared with traditional PTCSL, one-step multichannel PTCSL was more efficient and effective in the treatment of bilateral hepatolithiasis. (Source: World Journal of Surgery)
Source: World Journal of Surgery - April 2, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research