Cognitive therapy and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing for reducing psychopathology among disaster-bereaved individuals: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial - Lenferink LIM, Piersma E, de Keijser J, Smid GE, Boelen PA.

BACKGROUND: Confrontation with a traumatic (e.g. disaster-related) loss is a risk factor for the development of psychopathology, including symptoms of prolonged grief (PG), posttraumatic stress (PTS), and depression. Although interventions have been develo...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

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This study suggests that group, telephone, and guided self-help treatments … may be considered as alternatives to individual CBT,” wrote Pim Cuijpers, Ph.D., of Vrije University in the Netherlands and colleagues. “Applying effective and acceptable CBT in a range of different formats will ma ke CBT easier to implement, disseminate, and deliver across different settings and diverse patient populations.”Cuijpers and colleagues used a technique known as a network meta-analysis to compare 155 clinical trials involving CBT for the treatment of depression. These trials included CBT delivered in individual...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: CBT cognitive-behavior therapy guided CBT JAMA Psychiatry Pim Cuijpers unguided CBT Source Type: research
Conclusions: These findings are consistent with the view that cognitive change contributes to symptom reductions in CT, and that therapists’ use of cognitive methods contributes to cognitive changes during sessions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Analyses highlight the importance of the acquisition and use of behavioral skills in CBT for depressed adolescents. Findings also underscore the importance of disentangling within-patient from between-patient effects in future studies, an approach infrequently used in process-outcome research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Interview with Pim Cuijpers, PhD, author of Effectiveness and Acceptability of Cognitive Behavior Therapy Delivery Formats in Adults With Depression: A Network Meta-analysis
Source: JAMA Specialty Journals Author Interviews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: podcasts
Conclusions: CBT, psychosocial intervention, supportive counseling, psychodynamic psychotherapy, and other psychological interventions can be recommended for clinical practice. More studies are needed, especially for non-CBT interventions and for all psychotherapies on negative symptoms.IntroductionSchizophrenia affects approximately 1% of the population, usually starting in adolescence or young adulthood, frequently leading to persistent disability, with a high risk of suicide (8%). Despite the advance in antipsychotics treatment, approximately 30% of patients with schizophrenia show a poor response or no response to anti...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study provides support for the notion that non-judgmental attention to the present moment facilitates the integration of regions in neural networks that are related to cognition, attention, and sensation. Introduction Originating in Buddhist traditions, mindfulness training has made its way into Western culture as a method to reduce stress, enhance emotional regulation, and reduce symptoms in a variety of mental health disorders (Teasdale et al., 1995; Farb et al., 2012; Cavanagh et al., 2013; Tabak et al., 2015). Indeed, mindfulness has been shown to reduce symptoms of depression (Chiesa et al., 2015), bipol...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe two generalized designs (the two-facet unbalanced design and the one-facet multivariate design) indicated that the effects of the participate and the effects associated with the participate accounted for the majority of the total variation of the MPATS for Chinese college students, and the test items were not the main source of measurement errors. According to the generalizability coefficient and dependability index, the MPATS can be used either as a Norm Referenced Test or as a Criterion Referenced Test, but it depends on the research intention of the study that uses this scale. For the specific dimensions ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
In conclusion, treatment outcomes in different domains seem to be linked to the client’s motivation to attend treatment and the feeling of being coerced into therapy, regardless of mandate (2). It has been argued that there is, potentially, an element of coercion in every clinical encounter (80) and the perception of coercion has a variety of determinants, many of which are dependent on the quality of relationship with the service provider (45). Therefore, reducing feelings of coercion might improve treatment outcomes, prevent disengagement from services, and ameliorate therapeutic relationships (5). Facilitating the...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study had a large sample size and obtained positive findings in both patients’ subjective ratings and in inflammatory marker levels. It demonstrates the benefits of adding Tai Chi to an antidepressant regimen but does not examine the specific effect of Tai Chi on depression.Field et al. (16) investigated the effects of combined Tai Chi/yoga in 92 prenatally depressed pregnant women. They found that women practicing Tai Chi/yoga (20 min per week for 12 weeks) had lower depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbance scores compared to a waitlist control group (Table 1). This study had a large sample size and provided ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions: The findings from this exploratory study are consistent with the possibility that dialogue therapy may lead to improvements in symptoms and functioning compared to standard treatment in psychosis. Introduction Standard treatment (ST) for psychosis consists primarily of antipsychotics, hospitalization, social rehabilitation, and different types of supportive therapy (1–3). Antipsychotic drugs have only moderate effects on positive symptoms and no demonstrable effects on negative symptoms (4–6). Side effects are often prominent and might include a reduction in emotional expression, menstrual ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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